S. E. Williams, J. VanDerWal, J. Isaac, L. P. Shoo, C. Storlie, S. Fox, E. E. Bolitho, C. Moritz, C. J. Hoskin, and Y. M. Williams. 2010. Distributions, life-history specialization, and phylogeny of the rain forest vertebrates in the Austalian Wet Tropics. Ecology 91:2493.


Data Paper

Ecological Archives E091-181-D1.

Copyright


Authors
Data Files
Abstract
Metadata


Author(s)

S. E. Williams
Centre for Tropical Biodiversity and Climate Change
School of Marine and Tropical Biology
James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia
E-mail: stephen.williams@jcu.edu.au

J. VanDerWal
Centre for Tropical Biodiversity and Climate Change
School of Marine and Tropical Biology
James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia

J. Isaac
Centre for Tropical Biodiversity and Climate Change
School of Marine and Tropical Biology
James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia

L. P. Shoo
Centre for Tropical Biodiversity and Climate Change
School of Marine and Tropical Biology
James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia

C. Storlie
Centre for Tropical Biodiversity and Climate Change
School of Marine and Tropical Biology
James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia

S. Fox
Centre for Tropical Biodiversity and Climate Change
School of Marine and Tropical Biology
James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia

E. E. Bolitho
Centre for Tropical Biodiversity and Climate Change
School of Marine and Tropical Biology
James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia

C. Moritz
Museum of Vertebrate Zoology
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, California USA

C. J. Hoskin
Research School of Biology
Australian National University
Canberra, Australia

Y. M. Williams
Centre for Tropical Biodiversity and Climate Change
School of Marine and Tropical Biology
James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia


Data Files

spp_data.csv -- data set comma-separated ASCII text file, 242 records, 54kb.

distributions_potential.zip -- ASCII grid files of the species potential distributions. Individual files are compressed with gzip. All files are contained and further compressed using ZIP. 1,422,735,271 bytes.

distributions_realized.zip -- ASCII grid files of the species realized distributions. Individual files are compressed with gzip. All files are contained and further compressed using ZIP. 1,377,274,521 bytes.

distributions_images.zip -- PNG image files of the species potential and realized distributions. All files are contained and compressed using ZIP. 34,795,911 bytes.

RealizedDistMatrix.csv -- data set comma-separated ASCII text file, 202 records, 20,742 bytes.

subregion_shapefile.zip -- polygon shapefile of biogeographical subregions with all necessary files contained and compressed using ZIP. 685,449 bytes.

phylogenies.zip -- Nexis files (*.nex) and pdf images of phylogenies for each of the broad groups of taxa in the data table. Compressed using ZIP. 32,306 bytes.


Abstract

The purpose of this data set was to compile distributional, general life history characteristics and phylogenies for Australian tropical rain forest vertebrates to inform a wide range of comparative studies on the determinants of biodiversity patterns and to assess the impacts of global climate change. We provide three distinct data sets: (1) a table of species-specific distributional and life history traits for 242 vertebrate species found in the rain forests of the Australian Wet Tropics; (2) species distribution maps (GIS raster files) for 202 of the species displaying both the realized and potential distributions; and (3) phylogenies for these species. These species represent 93 birds, 31 amphibians, 31 mammals (including 1 monotreme), and 47 reptiles. Where information exists, the distributional and life history data compiled here presents information on: indices of environmental specialization (ENFA), habitat specialization, average body mass and size, sexual dimorphism, reproductive characteristics such as age at first reproduction, clutch/litter size, number of reproductive bouts per year and breeding seasonality, longevity, time of day when most active, and dispersal ability; distributional characteristics such as range size (potential and realized for both total and core ranges) and observed ranges in temperature, precipitation, and elevation; and niche attributes such as environmental marginality and specialization. The distribution maps provided represent a combination of presence-only ecological niche modeling (using MaxEnt) to estimate the potential distribution of a species followed by biogeographic clipping by expert opinion based on extensive field data and a subregional classification relevant to the topography and biogeographic history of the region to produce best-possible estimates of the realized distribution. Our assemblage contains many species with a shared evolutionary history and thus many analyses of these data will need to account for phylogeny. Although a comprehensive phylogeny with branch length information does not exist for this diverse group of species, we present a best-estimate composite phylogeny constructed primarily from recently published molecular phylogenies of included groups.

Key words: distribution; life history; rain forest vertebrates; Australia Wet Tropics.


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