## Appendix A: A discussion of estimation of population recruitment rates.

Ecological ArchivesE086-142-A1.## Appendix B: A figure showing fertility of small and large adults for each population and year.

Ecological ArchivesE086-142-A2.## Appendix C: A figure showing seedling recruitment for each population and year used in projection matrices.

Ecological ArchivesE086-142-A3.## Appendix D: A table of log-linear models of the effect of stage class, population, and year on fate of

A. ellipticaplants.

Ecological ArchivesE086-142-A4.## Appendix E: Projection matrices for five populations of

A. ellipticaacross three years.

Ecological ArchivesE086-142-A5.## Appendix F: A figure showing spatial variation in elasticity structure among five populations of

A. elliptica.

Ecological ArchivesE086-142-A6.## Appendix G: A figure showing temporal variation in elasticity structure among three years.

Ecological ArchivesE086-142-A7.## Appendix H: A figure showing contributions of populations, years, and population × years to variation in based on a two-way life table response experiment.

Ecological ArchivesE086-142-A8.## Appendix I: A figure showing the mean of the absolute value of the contributions of matrix elements to spatial variation in , temporal variation in , and the interaction effect.

Ecological ArchivesE086-142-A9.## Appendix J: A figure showing contributions of populations and matrix elements to variability in population growth rates from December 1998 to December 1999.

Ecological ArchivesE086-142-A10.

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