Marin Bay, Possession Island, Crozet Archipelago - photo courtesy of F. Stephen Dobson




This site has moved

Permissions for reprinting and republishing


Authors of papers appearing in Ecosphere retain copyright and do not transfer copyright to ESA. Papers are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits restricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and sources are credited.

Permissions for reprinting and republishing

Ecology, Ecological Applications, Ecological Monographs, and Frontiers

Permitted Use
Subscribers and Authorized Users (IP addresses registered with ESA) are permitted online access to the full text of current ESA Journals, and may download, save, or print text for private use or research.

Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of articles published in journals of the Ecological Society of America for personal use or educational use within one's home institution is granted to ESA members without fee, provided that the first page or initial screen of a display includes the notice "Copyright by the Ecological Society of America," along with the full citation, including the name of the author(s). Copyrights for components of a work owned by others than ESA must be honored. Authors may post their articles to their personal or home institution’s website or institutional repository and may make and distribute photocopies of such articles. Instructors may post up to 10 articles from ESA publications to a publicly available class website, or an unlimited number of articles to a website or other electronic medium with access restricted to their class. Interlibrary loan is permitted so long as U.S. copyright regulations on fair use are observed and all interlibrary loan is done by print or fax rather than in a digital format. To copy or transmit otherwise, to republish, to post on public servers, to redistribute to lists, or to use any component of an article from an ESA journal in other works, or to use such an article for commercial or promotional purposes, requires prior specific permission and possible fee.

For permissions for specific journals, click on the separate “Get Permissions” links below:

Ecology Get 
permissions (opens in new window)

Ecological Monographs Get 
permissions (opens in new window)

Ecological Applications Get 
permissions (opens in new window)

Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment Get 
permissions (opens in new window)


Questions may be directed to the Permissions Editor: [email protected].


Prohibitions on Certain Uses
Altering, recompiling, systematic or programmatic copying, or reselling of text or other information from ESA Journals in any form or medium is prohibited. Systematic or programmatic downloading, service bureau redistribution services, printing for fee-for-service purposes and/or the systematic making of print or electronic copies for transmission to non-subscribing institutions are prohibited. All rights not expressly granted are reserved to the stated copyright holder, The Ecological Society of America. The Subscriber and Authorized Users may not circumvent ESA's access control systems or use ESA's systems or services to make any attempt to gain unauthorized access to any other system or network.


rev. 2/3/16


Copyright © . All rights reserved.