Ecological Archives M085-012-A7

Chisato Kobayashi, Kazunori Matsuo, Kyohei Watanabe, Nobuaki Nagata, Yukari Suzuki-Ohno, Masakado Kawata, and Makoto Kato. 2015. Arms race between leaf rollers and parasitoids: diversification of plant-manipulation behavior and its consequences. Ecological Monographs 85:251266. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/14-0280.1

Appendix G. Results of MANOVA.

Table G1. Results of MANOVA for each of PC 1-4 from the parasitoid community analysis. Asterisks show significant P values (* <0.05, ** <0.01).

Effect

df

Sum Sq

Mean Sq

F value

P

PC1

 

 

 

 

 

Type

5

0.0386

0.0077

2.85

0.091

Thickness

1

0.0002

0.0002

0.06

0.808

Weevil tribe

4

0.0026

0.0006

0.24

0.909

Host plant family

6

0.0328

0.0055

2.02

0.176

Thickness × Host plant family

1

0.0005

0.0005

0.20

0.669

Weevil tribe × Host plant family

1

0.0003

0.0003

0.12

0.739

Type × Host plant family

1

0.0005

0.0005

0.19

0.677

PC2

 

 

 

 

 

Type

5

0.3329

0.0666

7.78

0.006**

Thickness

1

0.0128

0.0128

1.50

0.256

Weevil tribe

4

0.0200

0.0050

0.58

0.683

Host plant family

6

0.0802

0.0134

1.56

0.273

Thickness × Host plant family

1

0.0001

0.0001

0.01

0.923

Weevil tribe × Host plant family

1

0.0003

0.0003

0.03

0.862

Type × Host plant family

1

0.0014

0.0014

0.17

0.694

PC3

 

 

 

 

 

Type

5

0.0720

0.0143

6.94

0.009**

Thickness

1

0.0003

0.0003

0.14

0.722

Weevil tribe

4

0.0260

0.0065

3.14

0.079

Host plant family

6

0.1103

0.0184

8.86

0.004**

Thickness × Host plant family

1

0.0027

0.0027

1.32

0.283

Weevil tribe × Host plant family

1

0.0003

0.0003

0.12

0.734

Type × Host plant family

1

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.982

PC4

 

 

 

 

 

Type

5

0.0120

0.0024

2.42

0.128

Thickness

1

0.0003

0.0003

0.30

0.597

Weevil tribe

4

0.0008

0.0002

0.21

0.924

Host plant family

6

0.0763

0.0127

12.80

0.001**

Thickness × Host plant family

1

0.0008

0.0008

0.82

0.393

Weevil tribe × Host plant family

1

0.0000

0.0000

0.00

0.992

Type × Host plant family

1

0.0001

0.0001

0.11

0.746


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