Ecological Archives M085-012-A5

Chisato Kobayashi, Kazunori Matsuo, Kyohei Watanabe, Nobuaki Nagata, Yukari Suzuki-Ohno, Masakado Kawata, and Makoto Kato. 2015. Arms race between leaf rollers and parasitoids: diversification of plant-manipulation behavior and its consequences. Ecological Monographs 85:251266. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/14-0280.1

Appendix E. Biology of attelabid parasitoids.

Table E1. Biology of 45 collected parasitoid wasp species associated with Attelabidae. "Attack"means the host stage at which the parasitoid species attack and "emerge" means from which host stage the parasitoid emerge. Mode of parasitism shows whether the parasitoid species is endoparasitic or ectoparasitic.

 

 

Host stage

 

Superfamily/ Family

Species

Attack

Emerge

Mode of parasitism

Calchidoidea

 

 

 

 

Trichogrammatidae

Ophioneurus sp. 1

egg

egg

endo

 

O. sp. 2

egg

egg

endo

 

O. sp. 3

egg

egg

endo

 

O. sp. 4

egg

egg

endo

 

O. sp. 5

egg

egg

endo

 

O. sp. 6

egg

egg

endo

 

O. sp. 7

egg

egg

endo

 

O. sp. 8

egg

egg

endo

 

O. sp. 9

egg

egg

endo

 

O. sp. 10

egg

egg

endo

 

O. sp. 11

egg

egg

endo

 

Poropoea cunabulintrans

egg

egg

endo

 

P. reticulata

egg

egg

endo

 

P. morimotoi

egg

egg

endo

 

P. sp. 1

egg

egg

endo

 

P. sp. 2

egg

egg

endo

 

P. sp. 3

egg

egg

endo

 

P. sp. 4

egg

egg

endo

 

P. sp. 5

egg

egg

endo

 

P. sp. 6

egg

egg

endo

 

Genus unknown 1

egg

egg

endo

 

Genus unknown 2

egg

egg

endo

Mymaridae

Anaphes spp.

egg

egg

endo

Eulophidae

Asecodes sp. 1

unknown

egg/larva

endo

 

A. sp. 2

unknown

larva

endo

 

A. sp. 3

unknown

larva

endo

 

Pediobius sp. 1

unknown

larva

endo

 

P. sp. 2

unknown

larva

endo

 

Pnigalio sp.

unknown

larva

endo

 

Genus unknown 1

unknown

larva

endo

Pteromalidae

Arthrolytus cf. ocellus

unknown

pupa

ecto

Ichneumonoidea

 

 

 

 

Braconidae

Eubazus sp. 1

unknown

larva/pupa

endo

 

E. sp. 2

unknown

larva/pupa

endo

 

E. sp. 3

unknown

larva/pupa

endo

 

E. sp. 4

unknown

larva/pupa

endo

 

E. sp. 5

unknown

larva/pupa

endo

 

E. sp. 6

unknown

larva/pupa

endo

 

E. sp. 7

unknown

larva/pupa

endo

 

E. sp. 8

unknown

larva/pupa

endo

 

E. sp. 9

unknown

larva/pupa

endo

 

Bracon apoderi

unknown

larva/pupa

endo

 

B. sp. 1

unknown

larva/pupa

endo

 

B. sp. 2

unknown

larva/pupa

endo

 

Brachistini genus unknown

unknown

larva/pupa

endo

Ichneumonidae

Probles sp. 1

unknown

larva/pupa

endo


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