Ecological Archives M082-009-A7

Joseph Mascaro, R. Flint Hughes, and Stefan A. Schnitzer. 2012. Novel forests maintain ecosystem processes after the decline of native tree species. Ecological Monographs 82:221–238. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/11-1014.1

Appendix G (Table G1). Summary of all stems measured in 17 forest sites in lower Puna and Hilo, Hawai'i Island.  Native species are highlighted in bold.  Wood density values (oven-dry weight / green volume, cm3) are either from Zanne et al. (2009), field measurements, or a default regional value for Oceania from Chave et al. (2009).  Equation numbers correspond to those in Appendix F.

Species No.
Stems
Diameter-to-
biomass equation
Diameter-to-
height equation
Wood
Density
Wood
Density
Reference
Aleurites moluccana 177 6 20 0.38 Zanne
Archontophoenix alexandrae 1 6 20 0.83 Zanne
Artrocarpus altilis 3 6 20 0.43 Zanne
Casuarina equisetifolia 778 6 7 0.81 Zanne
Cecropia obtusifolia 1113 6 8 0.31 Zanne
Cibotium glaucum 8 1 9 0.22 Field
Cibotium menziesii 4 1 10 0.21 Field
Cinnamomum sp. 36 6 20 0.47 Zanne
Cocos nucifera 103 2 20 n/a n/a
Cordyline fruticosa 63 6 20 0.55 Default
Diospyros sandwicensis 323 6 11 0.74 Field
Eucalyptus sp. 8 6 12 0.83 Zanne
Falcataria moluccana 266 6 13 0.43 Field
Ficus microcarpa 17 6 20 0.41 Zanne
Flindersia brayleyana 14 6 20 0.48 Zanne
Freycinetia arborea 28 3 20 n/a n/a
Hedyotis sp. 1 6 20 0.38 Field
Heliocarpus popayanensis 20 6 20 0.24 Zanne
Lantana camara 1 3 20 n/a n/a
Macaranga mappa 54 6 20 0.27 Zanne
Mangifera indica 37 6 20 0.55 Zanne
Melastoma sanguineum 2 6 20 0.46 Zanne
Melastoma septemnervium 302 6 20 0.46 Zanne
Melochia umbellata 277 6 20 0.32 Zanne
Metrosideros polymorpha 3576 4 (≤ 30 cm) 14 (> 30 cm) 0.69 Field
Morinda citrifolia 181 6 20 0.63 Zanne
Myrsine lessertiana 65 6 20 0.53 Field
Olea europaea 1 6 20 0.81 Zanne
Pandanus tectorius 432 6 20 0.33 Zanne
Persea americana 13 6 20 0.55 Zanne
Pipturus albidus 42 6 20 0.30 Field
Psidium cattleianum 5018 5 (≤ 20 cm) 15 (> 20 cm) 0.69 Field
Psidium guajava 186 6 20 0.65 Zanne
Psychotria hawaiiensis 393 6 16 0.54 Field
Psydrax odorata 65 6 17 0.87 Zanne
Pterocarpus indicus 10 6 20 0.64 Zanne
Sadleria sp. 5 6 20 0.55 Default
Sandoricum koetjape 17 6 20 0.55 Default
Scaevola sp. 1 6 20 0.55 Default
Schefflera actinophylla 474 6 18 0.41 Zanne
Schinus terebinthifolius 19 6 20 0.59 Zanne
Spathodea campanulata 1 6 20 0.35 Zanne
Swietenia mahagoni 4 6 20 0.63 Zanne
Tauchardia latifolia 6 6 20 0.55 Default
Tetrazygia bicolor 26 6 20 0.55 Default
Trema orientalis 17 6 19 0.35 Zanne
Wikstroemia sp. 77 6 20 0.55 Default
unknown 16 6 20 0.55 Default
Morphospecies 1 1 6 20 0.55 Default
Morphospecies 2 3 3 20 n/a n/a
Morphospecies 3 2 6 20 0.55 Default
Morphospecies 4 5 3 20 n/a n/a

Literature Cited

Chave, J., D. Coomes, S. Jansen, S. L. Lewis, N. G. Swenson, and A. E. Zanne. 2009. Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12:351–366.

Zanne, A. E., G. Lopez-Gonzalez, D. A. Coomes, J. Ilic, S. Jansen, S. L. Lewis, R. B. Miller, N. G. Swenson, M. C. Wiemann, and J. Chave. 2009. Global Wood Density Database. Dryad Digital Repository. doi:10.5061/dryad.234


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