Ecological Archives M082-009-A4

Joseph Mascaro, R. Flint Hughes, and Stefan A. Schnitzer. 2012. Novel forests maintain ecosystem processes after the decline of native tree species. Ecological Monographs 82:221–238. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/11-1014.1

Appendix D (Table D1). Relative density (% of total stems/ha-1) of all species at nine novel, exotic-dominated forest sites in lowland forests in the districts of Hilo and Puna, Hawai'i Island (site map in Appendix A).  Native species are highlighted in bold.

Species Site
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
Aleurites moluccana 8.55 15.28 0.45
Archontophoenix alexandrae 0.04
Artrocarpus altilis 0.13
Casuarina equisetifolia 27.66 31.49 23.73
Cecropia obtusifolia 7.90 31.49 0.61 0.40 51.50 34.80 1.03
Cibotium glaucum 0.08 0.28
Cibotium menziesii 0.18
Cinnamomum sp. 1.62
Cocos nucifera 16.72
Cordyline fruticosa 3.90 0.13
Diospyros sandwicensis 19.77 1.44 0.13
Eucalyptus sp. 0.36
Falcataria moluccana 68.44 14.37 0.79 4.24 0.22
Ficus microcarpa 1.21 0.16 0.11
Flindersia brayleyana 2.38
Freycinetia arborea 0.13
Heliocarpus popayanensis 0.90
Macaranga mappa 0.16 2.38
Mangifera indica 6.11 0.04
Melastoma sanguineum 0.09
Melastoma septemnervium 2.83
Melochia umbellata 0.16 0.20 0.10 30.08 0.17 0.04
Metrosideros polymorpha 15.73 0.65 2.83 3.38 1.98 0.22 0.85
Morinda citrifolia 8.91 9.83 2.55
Olea europaea 0.04
Pandanus tectorius 0.20 1.33 14.60
Persea americana 3.67
Pipturus albidus 15.16
Psidium cattleianum 13.52 41.53 18.02 58.70 56.50 56.78 2.55 3.74 84.08
Psidium guajava 0.32 0.78 13.92
Psychotria hawaiiensis 13.28 0.54
Psydrax odorata 8.30 1.39
Pterocarpus indicus 1.70
Sandoricum koetjape 0.76
Scaevola sp. 0.08
Schefflera actinophylla 4.11 0.32 5.67 1.99 2.55 1.53
Schinus terebinthifolius 1.89
Spathodia campanulata 0.04
Swietenia mahagoni 0.16 0.13
Tetrazygia bicolor 1.17
Trema orientalis 2.87 0.32 0.20 0.33
Wikstroemia sp. 0.40 0.32
Morphospecies 1 0.04
Morphospecies 2 0.33
Morphospecies 3 0.09
Morphospecies 4 0.85
unknown 0.97 0.18

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