Ecological Archives E096-281-A1

Lizanne Janssens, Marie Van Dievel, and Robby Stoks. 2015. Warming reinforces nonconsumptive predator effects on prey growth, physiology, and body stoichiometry. Ecology 96:32703280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/15-0030.1

Appendix A. Comparison with literature data.

Table A1. Comparison of the values for the physiological variables in our study with some relevant examples from the literature. Where possible comparisons were made with aquatic insects. Given are 95% ranges of data values (based on means ± 2 SE). Dry mass is abbreviated as dm.

Parameter

 

 Taxon

95% range of data values

Reference

 

RNA:DNA

 

 

 

 

Damselfly
(Enallagma cyathigerum)

4.0 – 6.4

This study

 

Bivalve

(Crassostrea angulata)

2.0 – 6.0

Chicharo et al. (2001)

 

Bivalve
(Ruditapes decussatus)

4.0 – 8.0

Chicharo et al. (2001)

 

Fish
(Paralichtys olivaceus)

3.0 – 6.0

Gwak et al. (2003)

 

Fat content

 

 

 

 

Damselfly
(Enallagma cyathigerum)

15 – 27 µg/mg dm

This study

 

Damselfly
(Enallagma aspersum, Ischnura verticalis)

2 – 28 µg/mg dm

Stoks et al. (2005)

 

Caterpillar (Manduca sexta)

18 – 27 µg/mg dm

Thaler et al. (2012)

 

Sugar content

 

 

 

 

Damselfly
(Enallagma cyathigerum)

2 – 18 µg/mg dm

This study

 

Damselfly
(Enallagma aspersum, Ischnura verticalis)

3.5 – 5.5 µg/mg dm

Stoks et al. (2005)

 

Caterpillar (Manduca sexta)

18 – 48 µg/mg dm

Thaler et al. (2012)

 

Protein content

 

 

 

 

Damselfly
(Enallagma cyathigerum)

550 – 710 µg/mg dm

This study

 

Damselfly
(Enallagma aspersum, Ischnura verticalis)

500 – 700 µg/mg dm

Stoks et al. (2005)

 

Oyster (Crassostrea gigas)

300 – 590 µg/mg dm

Delaporte et al. (2006)

 

C:N

 

 

 

 

Damselfly
(Enallagma cyathigerum)

3.9 – 5.2

This study

 

Odonata

4.0 – 6.0

Cross et al. (2003)

 

Zygoptera

3.0 – 7.0

Frost et al. (2003)

 

Benthic insects

4.1 – 7.3

Evans-White et al. 2005

 

Diptera

4.0 – 8.0

Liess and Hillebrand (2005)

 

Trichoptera

4.0 – 8.0

Liess and Hillebrand (2005)

 

Odonata

4.4 – 6.2

Lauridsen et al. (2012)

 

Mayflies (Heptageniidae)

5.6 – 6.4

Mehler et al. (2013)

 

Guppy (Poecilia reticulata)

4.0 – 8.0

Dalton and Flecker (2014)

 

C:P

 

 

 

 

Damselfly
(Enallagma cyathigerum)

80 – 113

This study

 

Odonata

140 – 260

Cross et al. (2003)

 

Zygoptera

100 – 220

Frost et al. (2003)

 

Benthic insects

237 – 299

Evans-White et al. (2005)

 

Diptera

50 – 350

Liess and Hillebrand (2005)

 

Trichoptera

80 – 220

Liess and Hillebrand (2005)

 

Odonata

136 – 286

Lauridsen et al. (2012)

 

Mayflies (Heptageniidae)

62 – 361

Mehler et al. (2013)

 

N:P

 

 

 

 

Damselfly
(Enallagma cyathigerum)

16 – 27

This study

 

Odonata

35 – 55

Cross et al. (2003)

 

Zygoptera

24 – 40

Frost et al. (2003)

 

Benthic insects

6 – 86

Evans-White et al. (2005)

 

Diptera

15 – 65

Liess and Hillebrand (2005)

 

Trichoptera

10 – 40

Liess and Hillebrand (2005)

 

Odonata

23 – 59

Lauridsen et al. (2012)

 

Mayflies (Heptageniidae)

11 – 63

Mehler et al. (2013)

Literature cited

Chicharo, L. M. Z., M. A. Chicharo, F. Alves, A. Amaral, A. Pereira, and J. Regala. 2001. Diel variation of the RNA/DNA ratios in Crassostrea angulata (Lamarck) and Ruditapes decussates (Linnaeus 1758) (Mollusca: Bivalvia). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 259:121–129.

Cross, W. F., J. P. Benstead, A. D. Rosemond, and J. B. Wallace. 2003. Consumer-resource stoichiometry in detritus-based streams. Ecology Letters 6:721–732.

Dalton, C. M., and A. S. Flecker. 2014. Metabolic stoichiometry and the ecology of fear in Trinidadian guppies: consequences for life histories and stream ecosystems. Oecologia 176:691–701.

Delaporte, M., P. Soudant, C. Lambert, J. Moal, S. Pouvreau, and J. F. Samain. 2006. Impact of food availability on energy storage and defense related hemocyte parameters of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas during an experimental reproductive cycle. Aquaculture 254:571–582.

Evans-White, M. A., R. S. Stelzer, and G. A. Lamberti. 2005. Taxonomic and regional patterns in benthic macroinvertebrate elemental composition in streams. Freshwater Biology 50:1786–1799.

Frost, P. C., S. E. Tank, M. A. Turner, and J. J. Elser. 2003. Elemental composition of littoral invertebrates from oligotrophic and eutrophic Canadian lakes. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 22:51–62.

Gwak, W. S., Y. Tanaka, O. Tominaga, T. Tsusaki, and M. Tanaka. 2003. Field evaluation by RNA/DNA ratios on post-release nutritional status of released and wild Japanese flounver Paralichthys olivaceus juveniles. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 293:107–124.

Lauridsen, R. B., F. K. Edwards, M. J. Bowes, G. Woodward, A. G. Hildrew, A. T. Ibbotson, and J. I. Jones. Consumer-resource elemental imbalances in a nutrient-rich stream. Freshwater Science 31:408–422.

Liess A., and H. Hillebrand. 2005. Stoichiometric variation in C:N, C:P and N:P ratios of littoral benthic invertebrates. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 24:256–269.

Mehler, K., K. Acharya, D. Sada, and Z.B. Yu. 2013. Elemental stoichiometry of basal resources and benthic macroinvertebrates along a land use gradient in a Great Basin watershed. Hydrobiologia 716:115–129.

Stoks, R., M. De Block, and M. A. McPeek. 2005. Alternative growth and energy storage responses to mortality threats in damselflies. Ecology Letters 8:1307–1316.

Thaler, J. S., S. H. McArt, and I. Kaplan. Compensatory mechanisms for ameliorating the fundamental trade-off between predator avoidance and foraging. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 109:12075–12080.


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