Ecological Archives E096-276-A2

Thomas F. Turner, Trevor J. Krabbenhoft, Michael L. Collyer, Corey A. Krabbenhoft, Melanie S. Edwards, and Zachary D. Sharp. 2015. Retrospective stable isotope analysis reveals ecosystem responses to river regulation over the last century. Ecology 96:32133226. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/14-1666.1

Appendix B. Tables showing (1) Species status and dietary preferences of fishes in the study area of the Rio Grande, New Mexico, and (2) specimens sampled for C and N isotopic analysis, tabulated by species, location, and time.

Table B1. Species status and dietary preferences of fishes in the study area of the Rio Grande, New Mexico. Native (N) vs. introduced (I) status is based on descriptions in Platania (1991).

Species

Status

Diet Items

References

Ameiuris melas

I

crustaceans, chironomid larvae

Forney 1955

chironomids, fish, crayfish, algae, etc.

Repsys et al. 1976 and Stuber 1982 (in Sublette et al. 1990)

Carpiodes carpio

N

organic debris, zooplankton, phytoplankton, aquatic insects

Ross 2001

silt, detritus, algae, chironomids, microcrustacea

Sublette et al. 1990

Catostomus commersonii

I

chironomid larvae, zooplankton, crayfish, plant matter and detritus

Brown 1963; Eder and Carlson 1977 (in Sublette et al. 1990)

Cyprinella lutrensis

N

insects, algae, crustaceans, microorganisms, plant material

Sublette et al. 1990

ceratopogonids, simuliids, chironomids

Greger and Deacon 1988

Cyprinus carpio

I

detritus, plant material, chironomids, crustaceans, snails, algae

Ross 2001

insects in spring; algae in summer

Garcia and Adelman 1985

aquatic invertebrates (plants unimportant)

Powles et al 1983

plankton, chironomids, aquatic invertebrates, plants

Eder and Carlson 1977, Lubinski et al. 1984

Gambusia affinis

I

insect larvae, crustaceans, algae, fish fry

Sublette et al. 1990

Hybognathus amarus

N

diatoms, periphyton, organic detritus, tree pollen, cyanobacteria

Shirley et al. 2004; Cowley et al. 2006

Ictalurus punctatus

I

detritus, aquatic insects, zooplankton, fishes

Ross 2001

Micropterus dolomieu

I

aquatic insects, crayfish, fishes

Sublette et al. 1990

fishes, mayflies, caddisflies, odonates

Robertson and Winemiller 2001

Pimephales promelas

N

mud or silt containing algae or protozoans

Ross 2001

diatoms, filamentous algae, small crustaceans

Coyle 1930; Starrett 1950b

aquatic insects

Forbes 1883

cladocerans, copepods, amphipods

Held and Peterka 1974

detritus, algae, plants, insect larvae, microcrustacea

Sublette et al. 1990

Platygobio gracilis

N

terrestrial insects and to a much lesser extent aquatic insect larvae

Ross 2001

omnivore

Koster 1957

terrestrial insects

Olund and Cross 1961

Ostracoda, Hemiptera, Copepoda, Coleoptera, Trichoptera, Hymenoptera

Fisher et al. 2002

terrestrial, aquatic insects

See citations in Hayer et al. 2008

Pomoxis annularis

I

insects, fish, plankton, macroinvertebrates

Maret and Peters 1979

Rhinichthys cataractae

N

chironomids, mayflies, simuliids, algae

Sublette et al. 1990

 

Table B2. Specimens sampled for C and N isotopic analysis, tabulated by species, location, and time.

Species

Cochiti

1939–1956

1977–1978

1990–1995

1999–2000

2002

Ameiurus melas

0

0

0

0

0

Carpiodes carpio

5

0

0

0

0

Catostomus commersonii

0

5

5

5

17

Cyprinella lutrensis

1

5

5

5

0

Cyprinus carpio

5

1

5

2

0

Gambusia affinis

5

5

1

5

5

Hybognathus amarus

5

7

1

0

0

Ictalurus punctatus

0

0

0

0

0

Micropterus salmoides

0

0

0

0

1

Pimephales promelas

5

4

5

2

0

Platygobio gracilis

5

5

9

4

0

Pomoxis annularis

0

0

0

0

0

Rhinichthys cataractae

0

5

5

5

13

Species Richness

7

8

8

7

4

Individuals sampled

31

37

36

28

36

 

Bernalillo

1939–1956

1977–1978

1990–1995

1999–2000

2002

Ameiurus melas

0

0

0

0

0

Carpiodes carpio

0

0

5

5

0

Catostomus commersonii

1

5

5

0

12

Cyprinella lutrensis

0

0

5

5

10

Cyprinus carpio

5

5

5

0

0

Gambusia affinis

5

5

3

5

1

Hybognathus amarus

5

5

5

5

0

Ictalurus punctatus

0

0

5

4

4

Micropterus salmoides

0

0

0

0

0

Pimephales promelas

2

2

5

5

9

Platygobio gracilis

4

5

5

5

7

Pomoxis annularis

0

0

0

0

0

Rhinichthys cataractae

4

5

5

5

10

Species Richness

7

7

10

8

7

individuals sampled

26

32

48

39

53

 

Literature cited

Brown, R. L. 1963. An analysis of the stomach contents of the white sucker (Catostomus commersonii) of Storrie Lake, San Miguel County, New Mexico. M.S. Thesis. New Mexico Highlands University. 64 pp.

Cowley, D. E, P. D. Shirey, and M. D. Hatch. 2006. Ecology of the Rio Grande silvery minnow (Cyprinidae: Hybognathus amarus) inferred from specimens collected in 1874. Reviews in Fisheries Science 14:111–125.

Coyle, E. E. 1930. The algal food of the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas). Ohio Journal of Science 30:23–35.

Eder, S., and C. A. Carlson. 1977. Food habits of carp and white suckers in the South Platte and St. Vrain Rivers and Goosequill Pond, Weld County, Colorado. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 106:339–346.

Fisher, S. J., D. W. Willis, M. M. Olson, and S. C. Krentz. 2002. Flathead chubs, Platygobio gracilis, in the upper Missouri River: the biology of a species at risk in an endangered habitat. Canadian Field-Naturalist 116:26–41.

Forbes, S. A. 1883. The food of the smaller freshwater fishes. Bulletin of the Illinois Natural History Survey 1:61–86.

Forney, J. L. 1955. Life history of the black bullhead, Ameiurus melas (Rafinesque), of Clear Lake, Iowa. Iowa State Journal of Science 30:145–162.

Garcia, L. M., and I. R Adelman. 1985. An in situ estimate of daily food consumption and alimentary canal evacuation rates of common carp, Cyprinus carpio L. Journal of Fish Biology 27:487–493.

Greger, P. D., and J. E. Deacon. 1988. Food partitioning among fishes of the Virgin River. Copeia 1988:314–323.

Hayer C. -A., N. L. Ahrens, and C. R. Berry, Jr. 2008. Biology of the flathead chub, Platygobio gracilis, in three Great Plains rivers. Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science 87:185–196.

Held, J. W., and J. J. Peterka. 1974. Age, growth, and food habits of the fathead minnow, Pimephales promelas, in North Dakota saline lakes. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 103:743–756.

Koster, W. J. 1957. Guide to the Fishes of New Mexico. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque. 116 pp.

Lubinski, K. S., S. D. Jackson, and B. N. Hartsfield. 1984. Age-structure and analysis of carp populations in the Mississippi and Illinois River. Illinois Natural History Survey Aquatic Biology Section Report. 1984, 29 pp.

Maret, T. R., and E. J. Peters. 1979. Food habits of the white crappie, Pomoxis annularis Rafinesque, in Branched Oak Lake, Nebraska. Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences Vol. 7: 75–82.

Olund, L. J., and F. B. Cross. 1961. Geographic variation in the North American cyprinid fish, Hybopsis gracilis. University of Kansas Publications of the Museum of Natural History 13:328–348.

Powles, P. M., H. R. MacCrimmon, and D. A. Macrae. 1983. Seasonal feeding of carp, Cyprinus carpio, in the Bay of Quinte Watershed, Ontario. Canadian Field-Naturalist 97:293–298.

Repsys, A. J., R. L. Applegate, D. C. Hales. 1976. Food and food selectivity of the black bullhead, Ictalurus melas, in Lake Poinsett, South Dakota. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 33:768–775, 10.1139/f76-094.

Robertson, M. S., and K. O. Winemiller. 2001. Diet and growth of smallmouth bass in the Devils River, Texas. Southwestern Naturalist 46:216–221.

Ross, S. T. 2001. The Inland Fishes of Mississippi. University Press of Mississippi, Oxford, Mississippi, USA.

Shirey, P. D. 2004. Foraging habits and habitat utilization of Rio Grande silvery minnow (Hybognathus amarus) as inferred by diatom frustules. M.S. Thesis, New Mexico State University.

Starrett, W. C. 1950. Food relationships of the Des Moines River, Iowa. Ecology 31:216–233.

Stuber, R. J. 1982. Habitat suitability index models: black bullhead. U.S. Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service. FWS/OBS-82/10.14. 25 pp.

Sublette J. E., M. D. Hatch, and M. Sublette. 1990. The Fishes of New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.


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