Ecological Archives E096-209-A2

Casey P. terHorst, Jennifer A. Lau, Idelle A. Cooper, Kane R. Keller, Raffica J. La Rosa, Anne M. Royer, Elizabeth H. Schultheis, Tomoi Suwa, and Jeffrey K. Conner. 2015. Quantifying nonadditive selection caused by indirect ecological effects. Ecology 96:23602369. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/14-0619.1

Appendix B. A mathematical proof of how selection gradients estimated with traits standardized and fitness relativized within treatments can be transformed into selection gradients estimated with traits standardized and fitness relativized across treatments.

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