Ecological Archives E096-179-A2

M. C. Jackson. 2015. Interactions among multiple invasive animals. Ecology 96:20352041. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/15-0171.1

Appendix B. Information on the individual studies used in both meta-analyses.

Table B1. Information on the individual studies used in the first meta-analysis. Interaction type was determined using Hedge’s d (d) and confidence intervals (95% CI; Lower (L) and Upper (U)).

First Author

Year

System

Focal species

Impacting species

Impacting species
feeding group

Study type

Response group

d

L CI

U CI

Interaction

Adams

2003

Freshwater

Rana catesbeiana

Lepomis macrochirus 

Predator

In situ

Survival

-0.55

-1.96

0.47

Neutral

Adams

2003

Freshwater

Rana catesbeiana

Lepomis macrochirus 

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

0.21

-0.43

0.42

Neutral

Adams

2003

Freshwater

Rana catesbeiana

Lepomis macrochirus 

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

2.01

1.26

2.31

Positive

Adams

2003

Freshwater

Rana catesbeiana

Lepomis macrochirus 

Predator

In situ

Survival

2.80

0.85

4.74

Positive

Boone

2007

Freshwater

Lepomis macrochirus

Rana catesbeiana

Predator

Laboratory

Growth

0.82

-0.20

1.35

Neutral

Boone

2007

Freshwater

Rana catesbeiana

Lepomis macrochirus

Predator

Laboratory

Growth

5.16

3.99

5.87

Positive

Braks

2004

Freshwater

Aedes albopictus

Aedes aegypti

Herbivore

Mesocosm

Survival

-0.39

-1.79

0.61

Neutral

Braks

2004

Freshwater

Aedes aegypti

Aedes albopictus

Herbivore

Mesocosm

Survival

-0.43

-1.84

0.57

Neutral

Buric

2009

Freshwater

Dikerogammarus villosus 

Orconectes limosus

Omnivore

Laboratory

Survival

0.50

-1.13

1.85

Neutral

Buric

2009

Freshwater

Orconectes limosus

Dikerogammarus villosus 

Predator

Laboratory

Survival

-1.49

-3.30

0.18

Neutral

Cope

2004

Freshwater

Physella acuta

Potamopyrgus antipodarum

Herbivore

Laboratory

Growth

0.00

-1.60

1.31

Neutral

Cope

2004

Freshwater

Potamopyrgus antipodarum

Physella acuta

Herbivore

Laboratory

Growth

-1.53

-3.35

0.16

Neutral

Dick

2000

Freshwater

Gammarus tigrinus

Dikerogammarus vilosus

Predator

Laboratory

Survival

-6.15

-8.49

-3.34

Negative

Dick

2000

Freshwater

Gammarus tigrinus

Dikerogammarus vilosus

Predator

Laboratory

Survival

-1.97

-3.16

-1.24

Negative

Jackson

2014

Freshwater

Procambarus clarkii

Astacus leptodactylus

Omnivore

Mesocosm

Diet

-0.98

-2.29

-0.10

Negative

Jackson

2014

Freshwater

Pacifastacus leniusculus

Orconectes virilis

Omnivore

Mesocosm

Diet

-1.99

-3.51

-0.82

Negative

Jackson

2014

Freshwater

Orconectes virilis

Pacifastacus leniusculus

Omnivore

Mesocosm

Diet

-0.81

-2.10

0.03

Neutral

Jackson

2014

Freshwater

Astacus leptodactylus

Procambarus clarkii

Omnivore

Mesocosm

Diet

-0.96

-2.27

-0.09

Negative

Johnson

2009

Freshwater

Bellamya chinensis

Orconectes rusticus

Omnivore

Mesocosm

Growth

-1.88

-3.24

-0.94

Negative

Johnson

2009

Freshwater

Orconectes rusticus

Bellamya chinensis

Herbivore

Mesocosm

Growth

-1.44

-2.71

-0.62

Negative

Kestrup

2009

Freshwater

Echinogammarus ischnus

Neogobius melanostomus

Predator

In situ

Abundance

-0.68

-1.58

-0.26

Negative

Kestrup

2009

Freshwater

Echinogammarus ischnus

Neogobius melanostomus

Predator

Laboratory

Survival

0.87

-0.23

1.48

Neutral

Olden

2009

Freshwater

Bellamya chinensis

Orconectes virilis

Omnivore

Laboratory

Survival

-6.78

-9.33

-3.47

Negative

Olden

2009

Freshwater

Bellamya chinensis

Procambarus clarkii

Omnivore

Laboratory

Survival

-2.82

-4.21

-1.84

Negative

Oyugi

2011

Freshwater

Oreochromis niloticus

Cyprinus carpio

Omnivore

Laboratory

Behaviour

-2.80

-5.55

1.08

Neutral

Perry

2000

Freshwater

Dreissena polymorpha

Orconectes rusticus

Omnivore

In situ

Abundance

-5.09

-7.24

-2.72

Negative

Platvoet

2009

Freshwater

Gammarus tigrinus

Dikerogammarus villosus

Predator

Laboratory

Survival

1.08

-0.25

1.97

Neutral

Platvoet

2009

Freshwater

Dikerogammarus villosus

Gammarus tigrinus

Predator

Laboratory

Survival

-2.16

-3.72

-0.92

Negative

Van Overdijk

2003

Freshwater

Gammarus fasciatus

Dreissena polymorpha

Omnivore

Laboratory

Abundance

3.60

1.60

5.66

Positive

Van Overdijk

2003

Freshwater

Echinogammarus ischnus

Dreissena polymorpha

Omnivore

Laboratory

Abundance

5.00

2.48

8.23

Positive

van Riel

2009

Freshwater

Gammarus tigrinus

Echinogammarus ischnus

Predator

Laboratory

Survival

0.22

-0.66

0.62

Neutral

van Riel

2009

Freshwater

Gammarus tigrinus

Dikerogammarus villosus

Predator

Laboratory

Survival

-1.90

-2.96

-1.33

Negative

van Riel

2009

Freshwater

Dikerogammarus villosus

Gammarus tigrinus

Predator

Laboratory

Survival

-0.98

-1.84

-0.61

Negative

Collin

2014

Marine

Ciona intestinalis

Caprella mutica

Omnivore

In situ

Abundance

-4.97

-7.48

-1.77

Negative

Griffen

2008

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Predator

In situ

Diet

-0.90

-1.59

-0.66

Negative

Griffen

2008

Marine

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Carcinus maenas

Predator

In situ

Diet

0.25

-0.40

0.47

Neutral

Lohrer

2002

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Predator

In situ

Abundance

-2.46

-3.63

-1.77

Negative

Lohrer

2002

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Predator

In situ

Abundance

-1.16

-2.11

-0.70

Negative

Lohrer

2002

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Predator

In situ

Abundance

-1.05

-1.99

-0.61

Negative

Lohrer

2002

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Predator

Laboratory

Abundance

-7.81

-11.1

-2.18

Negative

Lohrer

2002

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Predator

Laboratory

Abundance

-2.92

-4.55

-1.57

Negative

Lohrer

2002

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Predator

Laboratory

Abundance

-2.18

-3.61

-1.14

Negative

Lohrer

2002

Marine

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Carcinus maenas

Predator

In situ

Abundance

-0.21

-1.09

0.18

Neutral

Lohrer

2002

Marine

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Carcinus maenas

Predator

In situ

Abundance

-0.32

-1.20

0.08

Neutral

Newsom

2014

Marine

Gemma gemma

Carcinus maenas

Predator

Laboratory

Survival

-1.89

-3.31

-0.85

Negative

Newsom

2014

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Philine orientalis

Predator

Laboratory

Diet

-0.45

-1.66

0.28

Neutral

Wonham

2005

Marine

Nassarius fraterculus

Batillaria attramentaria

Herbivore

In situ

Abundance

1.13

0.15

1.62

Positive

Bridgman

2013

Terrestrial

Mus musculus

Rattus rattus

Omnivore

Laboratory

Behaviour

-2.55

-3.87

-1.66

Negative

Bridgman

2013

Terrestrial

Rattus rattus

Mus musculus

Omnivore

Laboratory

Behaviour

-1.03

-2.07

-0.48

Negative

Gomez

2014

Terrestrial

Adelges tsugae

Fiorinia externa

Herbivore

Laboratory

Abundance

-0.88

-1.63

-0.60

Negative

Gomez

2014

Terrestrial

Adelges tsugae

Fiorinia externa

Herbivore

Laboratory

Abundance

-1.26

-2.02

-0.97

Negative

Green

2011

Terrestrial

Achatina fulica

Anoplolepis gracilipes

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

1.35

0.04

2.23

Positive

Miller-Pierce

2012

Terrestrial

Adelges tsugae

Fiorinia externa

Herbivore

In situ

Abundance

-0.16

-1.12

0.30

Neutral

Miller-Pierce

2012

Terrestrial

Fiorinia externa

Adelges tsugae

Herbivore

In situ

Abundance

-0.34

-1.33

0.16

Neutral

O'Dowd

2003

Terrestrial

Tachardina aurantiaca

Anoplolepis gracilipes

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

1.69

0.25

2.76

Positive

Preisser

2008

Terrestrial

Fiorinia externa

Adelges tsugae

Herbivore

In situ

Abundance

-0.16

-0.44

-0.12

Negative

Preisser

2008

Terrestrial

Adelges tsugae

Fiorinia externa

Herbivore

In situ

Abundance

0.16

-0.12

0.20

Neutral

 

Table B2. Information on the additional individual studies used in the vote counting method. Interaction type was determined based on information presented in each paper.

First Author

Year

System

Focal species

Impacting species

Impacting species
feeding group

Study type

Response group

Interaction

Kuhns

1999

Freshwater

Dreissena polymorpha

Neogobius melanostomus

Predator

In situ

Abundance

Negative

Elvira

1996

Freshwater

Procambarus clarkii

Esox lucius

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Negative

Hudina

2011

Freshwater

Orconectes limosus

Pacifastacus leniusulus

Omnivore

Laboratory

Behaviour

Negative

Kobak

2012

Freshwater

Dreissena polymorpha

Dikerogammarus villosus 

Predator

Laboratory

Behaviour

Negative

Ricciardi

2004

Freshwater

Dreissena bugensis

Dreissena polymorpha

Omnivore

Field survey

Abundance

Negative

Tripet

2011

Freshwater

Aedes aegypti

Aedes albopictus

Herbivore

Field survey

Survival

Negative

Jackson

2012

Freshwater

Procambarus clarkii

Cyprinus carpio

Omnivore

Field survey

Diet

Negative

Rothhaupt

2014

Freshwater

Dikerogammarus vilosus

Gammarus roeselii

Omnivore

Field survey

Diet

Negative

Rothhaupt

2014

Freshwater

Gammarus roeselii

Dikerogammarus vilosus

Predator

Field survey

Diet

Negative

MacNeil

2013

Freshwater

Crangonyx pseudogracili

Gammarus pulex

Omnivore

Laboratory

Survival

Negative

MacNeil

2013

Freshwater

Crangonyx pseudogracili

Gammarus pulex

Omnivore

Field survey

Abundance

Negative

Kley

2005

Freshwater

Dikerogammarus bispinosus

Dikerogammarus vilosus

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Negative

Kinzler

2009

Freshwater

Echinogammarus berilloni

Dikerogammarus vilosus

Predator

Laboratory

Survival

Negative

Britton

2010

Freshwater

Micropterus salmoides

Cyprinus carpio

Omnivore

Field survey

Abundance

Negative

Britton

2010

Freshwater

Procambarus clarkii

Micropterus salmoides

Predator

Field survey

Diet

Negative

Holomuzki

2010

Freshwater

Physella acuta

Salmo trutta

Predator

Field survey

Diet

Negative

Borcherding

2013

Freshwater

Ponticola kessleri

Neogobius melanostomus

Predator

Laboratory

Behaviour

Negative

Miyake

2011

Freshwater

Procambarus clarkii

Rana catesbeiana

Predator

Field survey

Diet

Negative

Miyake

2011

Freshwater

Procambarus clarkii

Channa argus

Predator

Field survey

Diet

Negative

Porter-Whitaker

2012

Freshwater

Hemichromis letourneuxi

Cichlasoma urophthalmus

Predator

Laboratory

Behaviour

Neutral

Porter-Whitaker

2012

Freshwater

Cichlasoma urophthalmus

Hemichromis letourneuxi

Predator

Laboratory

Behaviour

Neutral

Kuhns

1999

Freshwater

Neogobius melanostomus

Dreissena polymorpha

Omnivore

In situ

Abundance

Neutral

Preston

2012

Freshwater

Rana catesbeian

Gambusia affinis

Predator

Mescosm

Abundance

Neutral

Preston

2012

Freshwater

Gambusia affinis

Rana catesbeian

Predator

Mescosm

Abundance

Neutral

Nystrom

2001

Freshwater

Pacifastacus leniusculus

Oncorhynchus mykiss

Predator

In situ

Abundance

Neutral

Nystrom

2001

Freshwater

Oncorhynchus mykiss

Pacifastacus leniusculus

Omnivore

In situ

Abundance

Neutral

Rudnick

2005

Freshwater

Procambarus clarkii

Eriocheir sinensis

Omnivore

Mesocosm

Growth

Neutral

Rudnick

2005

Freshwater

Eriocheir sinensis

Procambarus clarkii

Omnivore

Mesocosm

Growth

Neutral

Hudina

2011

Freshwater

Pacifastacus leniusulus

Orconectes limosus

Omnivore

Laboratory

Behaviour

Neutral

Kobak

2012

Freshwater

Dreissena polymorpha

Pontogammarus robustoides

Omnivore

Laboratory

Behaviour

Neutral

Ricciardi

2004

Freshwater

Dreissena polymorpha

Dreissena bugensis

Omnivore

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

Tripet

2011

Freshwater

Aedes albopictus

Aedes aegypti

Herbivore

Field survey

Survival

Neutral

Jackson

2012

Freshwater

Cyprinus carpio

Procambarus clarkii

Omnivore

Field survey

Diet

Neutral

Jackson

2014

Freshwater

Pacifastacus leniusculus

Cyprinus carpio

Omnivore

Field survey

Diet

Neutral

Jackson

2014

Freshwater

Pacifastacus leniusculus

Pseudorasbora parva

Omnivore

Field survey

Diet

Neutral

Jackson

2014

Freshwater

Cyprinus carpio

Pseudorasbora parva

Omnivore

Field survey

Diet

Neutral

Jackson

2014

Freshwater

Cyprinus carpio

Pacifastacus leniusculus

Omnivore

Field survey

Diet

Neutral

Jackson

2014

Freshwater

Pseudorasbora parva

Pacifastacus leniusculus

Omnivore

Field survey

Diet

Neutral

Jackson

2014

Freshwater

Pseudorasbora parva

Cyprinus carpio

Omnivore

Field survey

Diet

Neutral

Rothhaupt

2014

Freshwater

Limnomysis benedeni

Katamysis warpachowskyi

Herbivore

Field survey

Diet

Neutral

Rothhaupt

2014

Freshwater

Katamysis warpachowskyi

Limnomysis benedeni

Herbivore

Field survey

Diet

Neutral

Kley

2005

Freshwater

Echinogammarus berilloni

Dikerogammarus vilosus

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

Kley

2005

Freshwater

Echinogammarus ischnus

Dikerogammarus vilosus

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

Kinzler

2008

Freshwater

Dikerogammarus haemobaphes

Dikerogammarus vilosus

Predator

Laboratory

Survival

Neutral

Kinzler

2008

Freshwater

Dikerogammarus bispinosus

Dikerogammarus vilosus

Predator

Laboratory

Survival

Neutral

Kinzler

2008

Freshwater

Dikerogammarus vilosus

Dikerogammarus haemobaphes

Predator

Laboratory

Survival

Neutral

Kinzler

2008

Freshwater

Dikerogammarus vilosus

Dikerogammarus bispinosus

Predator

Laboratory

Survival

Neutral

Britton

2010

Freshwater

Cyprinus carpio

Micropterus salmoides

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

Haynes

1999

Freshwater

Bithynia tentaculata

Dreissena polymorpha

Omnivore

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

Beekey

2004

Freshwater

Gillia altilis

Dreissena polymorpha

Omnivore

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

Kiesecker

1998

Freshwater

Rana catesbeiana

Micropterus dolomieui

Predator

In situ

Survival

Neutral

Kiesecker

1998

Freshwater

Micropterus dolomieui

Rana catesbeiana

Predator

In situ

Survival

Neutral

Lawler

1999

Freshwater

Rana catesbeiana

Gambusia affinis

Predator

Mesocosm

Survival

Neutral

Lawler

1999

Freshwater

Gambusia affinis

Rana catesbeiana

Predator

Mesocosm

Survival

Neutral

Borcherding

2013

Freshwater

Neogobius melanostomus

Ponticola kessleri

Predator

Laboratory

Behaviour

Neutral

Miyake

2011

Freshwater

Procambarus clarkii

Trachemys scripta elegans

Predator

Field survey

Diet

Neutral

Moorman

2009

Freshwater

Oncorhynchus mykiss

Castor canadensis

Herbivore

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

Moorman

2009

Freshwater

Salvelinus fontinalis

Castor canadensis

Herbivore

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

Ermgassen

2011

Freshwater

Dreissena polymorpha

Pacifastacus leniusculus

Omnivore

Laboratory

Survival

Neutral

Elvira

1996

Freshwater

Esox lucius

Procambarus clarkii

Omnivore

Field survey

Diet

Positive

Olden

2009

Freshwater

Orconectes virilis

Bellamya chinensis

Herbivore

Laboratory

Diet

Positive

Olden

2009

Freshwater

Procambarus clarkii

Bellamya chinensis

Herbivore

Laboratory

Diet

Positive

Kestrup

2009

Freshwater

Echinogammarus ischnus

Dreissena polymorpha

Omnivore

Laboratory

Abundance

Positive

Kinzler

2008

Freshwater

Dikerogammarus vilosus

Echinogammarus berilloni

Predator

Laboratory

Survival

Positive

Britton

2010

Freshwater

Micropterus salmoides

Procambarus clarkii

Omnivore

Field survey

Diet

Positive

Ricciardi

1997

Freshwater

Dugesia polychroa

Dreissena polymorpha

Omnivore

In situ

Abundance

Positive

Ricciardi

1997

Freshwater

Valvata piscinali

Dreissena polymorpha

Omnivore

In situ

Abundance

Positive

Haynes

1999

Freshwater

Gammarus fasciatus

Dreissena polymorpha

Omnivore

Field survey

Abundance

Positive

Beekley

2004

Freshwater

Gammarus fasciatus

Dreissena polymorpha

Omnivore

Field survey

Abundance

Positive

Ermgassen

2011

Freshwater

Pacifastacus leniusculus

Dreissena polymorpha

Omnivore

Laboratory

Diet

Positive

Jenson

2002

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Predator

Mesocosm

Behaviour

Negative

Griffen

2011

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Predator

Field survey

Survival

Negative

Ross

2004

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Asterias amurensis

Predator

In situ

Diet

Negative

Ross

2004

Marine

Asterias amurensis

Carcinus maenas

Predator

In situ

Diet

Negative

O'Connor

2014

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Negative

Collin

2014

Marine

Ciona intestinalis

Caprella mutica

Omnivore

Field survey

Abundance

Negative

Jensen

2002

Marine

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Carcinus maenas

Predator

Mesocosm

Behaviour

Neutral

Griffen

2008

Marine

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Carcinus maenas

Predator

In situ

Behaviour

Neutral

Griffen

2008

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Predator

In situ

Behaviour

Neutral

O'Connor

2014

Marine

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Carcinus maenas

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

Collin

2014

Marine

Caprella mutica

Ciona intestinalis

Omnivore

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

Rius

2011

Marine

Ciona intestinalis

Mytilus galloprovincialis

Omnivore

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

Rius

2011

Marine

Mytilus galloprovincialis

Ciona intestinalis

Omnivore

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

Griffen

2006

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Predator

In situ

Diet

Neutral

Griffen

2006

Marine

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

Carcinus maenas

Predator

In situ

Diet

Neutral

Grosholz

2005

Marine

Gemma gemma

Carcinus maenas

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Positive

Wonham

2005

Marine

Crepidula convexa

Batillaria attramentaria

Herbivore

Field survey

Abundance

Positive

Wonham

2005

Marine

Diadumene lineata

Batillaria attramentaria

Herbivore

Field survey

Abundance

Positive

Orchan

2012

Terrestrial

Psittacula krameri

Acridotheres tristis

Omnivore

Field survey

Behaviour

Negative

Orchan

2012

Terrestrial

Psittacula krameri

Sturnus burmannicus

Omnivore

Field survey

Behaviour

Negative

Orchan

2012

Terrestrial

Acridotheres tristis

Sturnus burmannicus

Omnivore

Field survey

Behaviour

Negative

Orchan

2012

Terrestrial

Sturnus burmannicus

Acridotheres tristis

Omnivore

Field survey

Behaviour

Negative

LeBrun

2014

Terrestrial

Solenopsis invicta

Nylanderia fulva

Herbivore

Field survey

Behaviour

Negative

Ruscoe

2011

Terrestrial

Mus musculus

Trichosurus vulpecula

Herbivore

In situ

Abundance

Negative

Ruscoe

2011

Terrestrial

Rattus rattus

Trichosurus vulpecula

Herbivore

In situ

Abundance

Negative

Harper

2010

Terrestrial

Mus musculus

Rattus rattus

Omnivore

Field survey

Abundance

Negative

Goldwater

2012

Terrestrial

Mus musculus

Rattus rattus

Omnivore

Field survey

Abundance

Negative

Hervıas

2013

Terrestrial

Rattus rattus

Felis catus

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Negative

LeBrun

2013

Terrestrial

Solenopsis invicta

Nylanderia fulva

Omnivore

Field survey

Abundance

Negative

Oppel

2014

Terrestrial

Mus musculus

Felis catus

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Negative

Oppel

2014

Terrestrial

Oryctolagus cuniculus

Felis catus

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Negative

Oppel

2014

Terrestrial

Mus musculus

Felis catus

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Negative

Oppel

2014

Terrestrial

Rattus rattus

Felis catus

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Negative

Oppel

2014

Terrestrial

Rattus norvegicus

Felis catus

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Negative

Montgomery

2012

Terrestrial

Crocidura russula

Myodes glareolus

Herbivore

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

LeBrun

2014

Terrestrial

Nylanderia fulva

Solenopsis invicta

Predator

Field survey

Survival

Neutral

Ruscoe

2011

Terrestrial

Rattus rattus

Mustela erminea

Predator

In situ

Abundance

Neutral

Ruscoe

2011

Terrestrial

Trichosurus vulpecula

Mustela erminea

Predator

In situ

Abundance

Neutral

Ruscoe

2011

Terrestrial

Mus musculus

Mustela erminea

Predator

In situ

Abundance

Neutral

Ruscoe

2011

Terrestrial

Mustela erminea

Trichosurus vulpecula

Herbivore

In situ

Abundance

Neutral

Bramley

2014

Terrestrial

Rattus exulans

Rattus norvegicus

Omnivore

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

Bramley

2014

Terrestrial

Rattus norvegicus

Rattus exulans

Omnivore

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

Cameron

2013

Terrestrial

Dendrobaena octaedra 

Lumbricus terrestris

Herbivore

Mesocosm

Survival

Neutral

Cameron

2013

Terrestrial

Lumbricus terrestris

Dendrobaena octaedra 

Herbivore

Mesocosm

Survival

Neutral

Oppel

2014

Terrestrial

Rattus rattus

Felis catus

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

Oppel

2014

Terrestrial

Rattus norvegicus

Felis catus

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

Oppel

2014

Terrestrial

Oryctolagus cuniculus

Felis catus

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Neutral

Montgomery

2012

Terrestrial

Myodes glareolus

Crocidura russula

Predator

Field survey

Abundance

Positive

O'Dowd

2003

Terrestrial

Anoplolepis gracilipes

Tachardina aurantiaca

Herbivore

Field survey

Abundance

Positive

Orchan

2012

Terrestrial

Acridotheres tristis

Psittacula krameri

Herbivore

Field survey

Behaviour

Positive

Ness

2013

Terrestrial

Myrmica rubra

Popillia japonica

Herbivore

Field survey

Behaviour

Positive

Helms

2010

Terrestrial

Solenopsis invicta

Antonina graminis

Herbivore

Field survey

Abundance

Positive

 

Table B3. Information on the individual studies used in the second meta-analysis. Interaction type was determined using Hedge’s d (d) and confidence intervals (95% CI; Lower (L) and Upper (U)).

First Author

Year

System

Invader 1

Invader 2

Study type

Response level

Response group

d

L CI

U CI

Interaction

Boone

2007

Freshwater

Lepomis macrochir

Rana catesbeian

Laboratory

Population

Heterotroph

-0.81

-1.20

-0.42

Antagonistic

Cameron

2013

Terrestrial

Lumbricus terrestris

Dendrobaena octaedra 

Mesocosm

Community

Heterotroph

-0.15

-0.91

0.61

Additive

Griffen

2008

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

In situ

Community

Heterotroph

-3.90

-5.29

-2.51

Antagonisitic

Griffen

2008

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

In situ

Community

Heterotroph

-2.28

-3.35

-1.22

Antagonisitic

Griffen

2008

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

In situ

Population

Heterotroph

-2.05

-3.08

-1.02

Antagonisitic

Griffen

2008

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

In situ

Population

Heterotroph

-2.00

-3.02

-0.98

Antagonisitic

Griffen

2008

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

In situ

Population

Heterotroph

-1.87

-2.87

-0.87

Antagonisitic

Griffen

2006

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

In situ

Population

Heterotroph

-0.54

-1.63

0.55

Additive

Griffen

2008

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

In situ

Community

Autotroph

0.33

-0.52

1.18

Additive

Griffen

2006

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

In situ

Population

Heterotroph

0.78

0.29

2.11

Synergisitic

Griffen

2008

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Hemigrapsus sanguineus

In situ

Community

Autotroph

1.20

-0.33

1.89

Additive

Jackson

2014

Freshwater

Orconectes virilis

Pacifastacus leniusculus

Mesocosm

Community

Heterotroph

-2.32

-3.67

-0.96

Antagonisitic

Jackson

2014

Freshwater

Procambarus clarkii

Astacus leptodactylus

Mesocosm

Community

Autotroph

-1.26

-2.43

-0.10

Antagonisitic

Jackson

2014

Freshwater

Orconectes virilis

Pacifastacus leniusculus

Mesocosm

Community

Autotroph

-0.54

-1.63

0.55

Additive

Jackson

2014

Freshwater

Procambarus clarkii

Astacus leptodactylus

Mesocosm

Community

Heterotroph

0.93

-0.20

2.05

Additive

Johnson

2009

Freshwater

Bellamya chinensis

Orconectes rusticus

Mesocosm

Population

Heterotroph

-7.30

-9.88

-4.72

Antagonisitic

Johnson

2009

Freshwater

Orconectes rusticus

Bellamya chinensis

Mesocosm

Population

Heterotroph

-3.10

-4.51

-1.69

Antagonisitic

Johnson

2009

Freshwater

Bellamya chinensis

Orconectes rusticus

Mesocosm

Population

Heterotroph

-0.12

-1.09

0.87

Additive

Johnson

2009

Freshwater

Bellamya chinensis

Orconectes rusticus

Mesocosm

Community

Autotroph

0.76

-0.26

1.77

Additive

Kiesecker

1997

Freshwater

Rana catesbeiana

Micropterus dolomieui

In situ

Population

Heterotroph

-2.15

-3.85

-0.44

Antagonisitic

Kuhns

1999

Freshwater

Neogobius melanostomus

Dreissena polymorpha

In situ

Community

Heterotroph

-1.58

-2.80

-0.37

Antagonisitic

Lawler

1998

Freshwater

Gambusia affinis

Rana catesbeiana

Mesocosm

Population

Heterotroph

1.16

-0.32

2.65

Additive

Nystrom

2001

Freshwater

Oncorhynchus mykiss

Pacifastacus leniusculus

In situ

Community

Heterotroph

-1.43

-2.62

-0.24

Antagonisitic

Nystrom

2001

Freshwater

Oncorhynchus mykiss

Pacifastacus leniusculus

In situ

Community

Heterotroph

-0.74

-1.85

0.37

Additive

Nystrom

2001

Freshwater

Oncorhynchus mykiss

Pacifastacus leniusculus

In situ

Community

Heterotroph

-0.43

-1.51

0.66

Additive

Nystrom

2001

Freshwater

Oncorhynchus mykiss

Pacifastacus leniusculus

In situ

Community

Heterotroph

-0.39

-1.48

0.69

Additive

Nystrom

2001

Freshwater

Oncorhynchus mykiss

Pacifastacus leniusculus

In situ

Community

Autotroph

-0.36

-1.44

0.72

Additive

Nystrom

2001

Freshwater

Oncorhynchus mykiss

Pacifastacus leniusculus

In situ

Community

Autotroph

0.41

-0.67

1.50

Additive

PorterWhitaker

2012

Freshwater

Hemichromis letourneuxi

Cichlasoma urophthalmus

In situ

Community

Heterotroph

-0.79

-1.51

-0.08

Antagonisitic

Preisser

2008

Terrestrial

Adelges tsugae

Fiorinia externa

In situ

Population

Autotroph

0.24

0.00

0.48

Synergisitic

Preston

2012

Freshwater

Rana catesbeian

Gambusia affinis

Mesocosm

Population

Heterotroph

-0.51

-1.60

0.57

Additive

Preston

2012

Freshwater

Rana catesbeian

Gambusia affinis

Mesocosm

Community

Heterotroph

-0.39

-1.47

0.70

Additive

Preston

2012

Freshwater

Rana catesbeian

Gambusia affinis

Mesocosm

Community

Autotroph

-0.35

-1.43

0.73

Additive

Preston

2012

Freshwater

Rana catesbeian

Gambusia affinis

Mesocosm

Population

Heterotroph

-0.29

-1.37

0.79

Additive

Preston

2012

Freshwater

Rana catesbeian

Gambusia affinis

Mesocosm

Community

Heterotroph

-0.25

-1.32

0.83

Additive

Preston

2012

Freshwater

Rana catesbeian

Gambusia affinis

Mesocosm

Population

Heterotroph

0.00

-1.07

1.07

Additive

Ross

2004

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Asterias amurensis

In situ

Population

Heterotroph

-3.58

-5.73

-1.42

Antagonisitic

Ross

2004

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Asterias amurensis

In situ

Population

Heterotroph

-3.07

-5.06

-1.09

Antagonisitic

Ross

2004

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Asterias amurensis

In situ

Population

Heterotroph

-0.57

-1.81

0.98

Additive

Ross

2004

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Asterias amurensis

In situ

Population

Heterotroph

-0.41

-1.61

1.17

Additive

Ross

2004

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Asterias amurensis

In situ

Population

Heterotroph

-0.22

-1.52

1.26

Additive

Ross

2004

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Asterias amurensis

In situ

Population

Heterotroph

-0.13

-0.99

1.80

Additive

Ross

2004

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Asterias amurensis

In situ

Population

Heterotroph

0.41

-0.90

1.92

Additive

Ross

2004

Marine

Carcinus maenas

Asterias amurensis

In situ

Population

Heterotroph

0.51

-1.98

0.84

Additive

Rudnick

2005

Freshwater

Procambarus clarkii

Eriocheir sinensis

Mesocosm

Population

Heterotroph

-18.9

-25.17

-12.6

Antagonisitic

 

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