Ecological Archives E096-168-A2

Kunio Takatsu and Osamu Kishida. 2015. Predator cannibalism can intensify negative impacts on heterospecific prey. Ecology 96:15971608. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/14-1616.1

Appendix B. Diagram of experimental design.

FigB1

Fig. B1. Diagram of the experimental design. Large-var, large-variation treatment; Small-var, small-variation treatment; No-sal, no-salamander treatment; Sal, salamander hatchlings. On day 1 of the experiments, 45 frog tadpoles were assigned to each treatment.


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