Ecological Archives E096-037-A2

Paul J. CaraDonna and David W. Inouye. 2015. Phenological responses to climate change do not exhibit phylogenetic signal in a subalpine plant community. Ecology 96:355361. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/14-1536.1

Appendix B. Phenological shifts and phenological sensitivity to snowmelt date and summer temperature data used in analyses.

Table B1. Phenological change and phenological sensitivity to snowmelt date and summer temperature data for the 60 plants species used in phylogenetic analyses. All values are the slope of a linear regression with year, snowmelt date, or summer temperature, as predictor variables.

Species

Shift through time (1974–2012)

Snowmelt sensitivity

Temperature sensitivity

First

Peak

Last

Duration

First

Peak

Last

Duration

First

Peak

Last

Duration

Achillea millefolium

0.02

-0.03

0.55

0.61

0.45

0.61

0.53

0.08

-2.38

-4.73

-1.23

1.16

Aconitum columbianum

-0.06

-0.08

-0.10

-0.04

0.47

0.53

0.58

0.10

-3.00

-3.73

-5.22

-2.76

Amelanchier pumila

-0.31

-0.33

-0.66

-0.35

0.62

0.58

0.70

0.08

-4.46

-4.33

-6.67

-2.50

Amerosedum lanceolatum

-0.25

-0.32

-0.45

-0.24

0.56

0.58

0.65

0.10

-4.76

-5.60

-7.78

-2.84

Androsace septentrionalis

-0.57

-0.26

0.23

0.48

0.99

0.86

1.05

0.00

-5.25

-5.65

-4.82

2.52

Anticlea elegans

-0.21

-0.28

-0.37

-0.16

0.54

0.54

0.55

0.00

-4.94

-5.89

-6.12

-1.72

Arabis drummondii

-0.47

-0.47

0.18

0.77

0.77

0.61

0.37

-0.32

-5.67

-7.98

-2.47

3.83

Arenaria congesta

-0.49

-0.41

0.26

0.75

0.69

0.69

0.64

-0.06

-4.15

-3.73

-2.61

3.21

Campanula rotundifolia

-0.05

-0.17

0.20

0.24

0.49

0.61

0.48

-0.01

-3.48

-5.06

0.41

3.61

Cardamine cordifolia

-0.83

-0.76

-0.55

0.29

0.66

0.66

0.62

-0.04

-7.18

-8.09

-7.59

-0.61

Castilleja sulphurea

-0.12

-0.10

-0.14

-0.02

0.49

0.47

0.39

-0.11

-2.76

-1.86

-3.13

0.34

Claytonia lanceolata

-0.68

-0.49

-0.39

0.12

0.94

0.83

0.78

-0.14

-8.08

-6.16

-5.98

0.34

Collomia linearis

-0.23

0.10

0.13

0.37

0.48

0.42

-0.15

-0.63

-2.77

0.48

-0.12

6.07

Delphinium barbeyi

-0.16

-0.11

-0.24

-0.08

0.57

0.63

0.71

0.14

-4.52

-5.55

-7.99

-4.35

Delphinium nuttallianum

-0.42

-0.32

-0.32

0.08

0.62

0.63

0.78

0.16

-3.81

-5.65

-6.30

-2.70

Descurainia richardsonii

-0.69

0.02

-0.88

-0.19

0.73

0.28

0.39

-0.34

-13.22

-5.52

-8.84

3.06

Dodecatheon pulchellum

-0.33

-0.34

-0.33

0.00

0.63

0.61

0.56

-0.07

-5.37

-5.66

-5.93

-0.37

Draba aurea

-0.38

-0.22

-0.14

0.22

0.81

0.68

0.53

-0.22

-5.96

-4.47

-6.26

-0.44

Dugaldia hoopesii

-0.29

-0.25

-0.01

0.28

0.53

0.50

0.44

-0.08

-5.14

-3.70

-1.00

4.32

Erigeron flagellaris

-0.21

-0.40

0.35

0.86

0.51

0.97

0.64

0.13

-10.53

-10.06

-2.21

10.71

Erigeron speciosus

-0.39

-0.18

-0.09

0.10

0.58

0.56

0.44

-0.14

-5.05

-2.86

-2.89

1.08

Eriogonum subalpinum

-0.27

-0.25

-0.30

-0.03

0.71

0.76

0.82

0.11

-5.63

-7.06

-7.17

-2.02

Eriogonum umbellatum

-0.29

-0.30

-1.13

-0.84

0.73

0.71

1.08

0.35

-5.70

-5.89

-12.07

-6.40

Erysimum asperum

-0.20

-0.07

0.14

0.28

0.81

0.81

0.63

-0.18

-5.84

-4.33

0.99

6.71

Erythronium grandiflorum

-0.45

-0.34

-0.28

0.13

0.75

0.68

0.59

-0.09

-5.02

-4.06

-3.98

0.44

Fragaria virginiana

-0.32

-0.22

0.22

0.54

0.67

0.66

0.71

0.04

-5.25

-5.32

-2.54

1.70

Galium boreale

-0.29

-0.39

-0.51

-0.21

0.64

0.62

0.75

0.11

-6.86

-7.56

-10.89

-3.21

Gentiana parryi

-0.26

-0.19

-0.02

0.24

0.74

0.69

0.50

-0.24

-5.23

-5.84

-3.12

3.14

Geranium richardsonii

-0.16

-0.23

-0.19

0.10

0.27

0.42

0.55

0.29

-2.50

-3.83

-4.99

-3.12

Helianthella quinquenervis

-0.22

-0.14

0.04

0.26

0.39

0.51

0.60

0.21

-4.61

-3.60

-5.47

-2.27

Heliomeris multiflora

-0.05

0.13

-0.05

0.10

0.30

0.18

0.10

-0.20

-1.21

1.38

4.06

5.82

Heracleum maximum

-0.47

-0.37

-0.31

0.16

0.33

0.45

0.42

0.08

-3.93

-4.80

-5.35

-1.92

Heterotheca villosa

-0.36

-0.05

0.43

0.79

0.59

0.37

0.37

-0.22

-6.39

-2.37

3.47

10.17

Hydrophyllum capitatum

-0.49

-0.40

-0.34

0.22

0.70

0.77

0.72

0.02

-4.29

-5.48

-5.66

-2.02

Hydrophyllum fendleri

-0.13

-0.10

0.00

0.18

0.40

0.53

0.60

0.11

-4.93

-4.08

-3.30

0.51

Lathyrus leucanthus

-0.42

-0.21

-0.11

0.31

0.68

0.77

0.61

-0.08

-5.27

-6.47

-3.44

0.96

Ligularia bigelovii

-0.17

-0.19

-0.24

-0.07

0.34

0.50

0.55

0.21

-2.01

-4.42

-4.01

-2.49

Ligusticum porterii

-0.35

-0.29

-0.31

-0.01

0.59

0.64

0.64

0.06

-5.35

-5.75

-6.03

-1.05

Linum lewisii

-0.43

-0.22

0.19

0.62

0.66

0.70

0.42

-0.24

-6.79

-6.75

-2.05

3.92

Lomatium dissectum

-0.61

-0.42

-0.36

0.13

0.85

0.71

0.65

-0.13

-4.44

-4.41

-5.41

-1.00

Lupinus sericeaus

-0.20

-0.02

0.23

0.43

0.49

0.48

0.57

0.08

-4.42

-2.94

-0.21

3.87

Mahonia repens

-0.56

-0.49

-0.23

0.25

0.94

0.78

0.55

-0.39

-8.06

-6.39

-2.96

4.20

Maianthemum stellatum

-0.30

-0.23

-0.32

-0.02

0.52

0.50

0.47

-0.05

-4.53

-3.87

-3.10

1.46

Mertensia ciliata

0.04

-0.16

-0.80

-0.85

0.38

0.41

0.60

0.22

-1.47

-3.06

-8.63

-8.00

Mertensia fusiformis

-0.54

-0.41

-0.36

-0.03

0.86

0.73

0.76

-0.02

-7.58

-5.65

-6.87

-2.16

Noccaea montana

-0.42

-0.30

-0.28

0.06

0.83

0.78

0.73

-0.08

-7.49

-5.41

-7.38

-0.07

Oreochrysum parryi

-0.51

-0.47

-0.33

0.19

0.51

0.64

0.79

0.28

-7.60

-8.14

-9.16

-1.27

Pedicularis bracteoasa

-0.15

-0.28

-0.21

0.34

0.43

0.58

0.60

0.09

0.34

-2.67

-2.87

0.42

Potentilla gracilis

-0.24

-0.30

-0.16

0.07

0.66

0.66

0.69

0.04

-4.49

-5.92

-6.74

-2.36

Potentilla hippiana

-0.12

-0.15

0.35

0.47

0.45

0.51

0.36

-0.09

-2.71

-3.72

-0.03

1.14

Pseudocymopterus montanus

-0.17

-0.01

-0.18

-0.03

0.69

0.53

0.53

-0.11

-4.28

-3.91

-5.75

-2.30

Pyrrocoma crocea

-0.36

-0.33

-0.39

-0.01

0.49

0.59

0.58

0.12

-3.64

-5.30

-6.48

-2.33

Ranunculus inamoenus

-0.48

-0.35

0.29

0.60

0.80

0.72

0.75

-0.12

-6.27

-5.79

-4.78

3.01

Sedum rosea

-0.11

-0.22

-0.33

-0.22

0.53

0.56

0.59

0.06

-2.72

-3.69

-4.68

-1.98

Senecio integerrimus

-0.26

-0.24

-0.36

-0.10

0.60

0.59

0.54

-0.06

-4.84

-5.57

-6.29

-1.59

Taraxacum officionale

-0.46

-0.30

-0.28

0.02

0.89

0.68

0.34

-0.61

-5.42

-5.13

-3.26

3.59

Valeriana capitata

-0.54

-0.26

-0.01

0.25

0.81

0.66

0.56

-0.26

-6.24

-5.44

-3.87

-1.86

Valeriana edulis

-0.53

-0.37

-0.38

0.14

0.55

0.55

0.60

0.05

-6.49

-6.56

-6.50

-0.14

Vicia americana

-0.21

-0.18

-0.09

0.12

0.52

0.46

0.65

0.14

-5.28

-4.24

-3.96

0.90

Viola praemorsa

-0.48

-0.29

-0.20

0.19

0.77

0.70

0.65

-0.10

-3.06

-4.93

-4.38

-2.06


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