Ecological Archives E096-013-A2

A. van der Wal, E. Ottosson, and W. de Boer. 2015. Neglected role of fungal community composition in explaining variation in wood decay rates. Ecology 96:124133. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/14-0242.1

Appendix B. Most abundant OTUs (representing ≥10% of the total number of sequences) in decaying oak sapwood.

Table B1. Most abundant OTUs (representing ≥ 10% of the total number of sequences) in decaying oak sapwood. Ecological groups are defined as: p = parasite, wr = white-rot fungus, sr = soft-rot fungus, sa = fungus with saprotrophic abilities, sp = combining both saprotrophic and parasitic abilities, en = endophytic fungus. F = fresh, Y = young and O= old stumps, see Material and Methods section for description of sampling methods.

OTU number

Identification

Order

Ecology

Genbank match

≥ 10% found in F, Y or O stumps?

presence in number of stumps

E-Value

Max identity (%)

Literature

0

Mollisia sp.

Helotiales

sa

JX507704

F, Y, O

18

3E-161

99

Kirk et al. 2008

1

Trametes versicolor

Polyporales

wr

KC581354

Y, O

9

0E+00

99

Baldrian 2003

2

Panellus stipticus

Agaricales

wr

UDB011385

F, Y

10

1E-146

98

Aggelisa et al. 2002

3

Nemania diffusa

Xylariales

sp

FR667971

Y, O

2

3E-122

98

Balasuriya and Adikaram 2009

4

unidentified Helotiales

Helotiales

unk

JX860449

F, Y, O

7

5E-159

99

5 and 23

Hymenoscyphus sp.

Helotiales

unk

GU479911

Y

1

2E-119

97

6

Thanatephorus cucumeris

Cantharellales

sp

FR670341

Y

3

0E+00

98

Qu et al. 2008

7

Peniophorella pubera

Polyporales

wr

UDB016357

Y, O

4

0E+00

99

Nakasone. 1990

8

unidentified Heliotales

Helotiales

unk

KC180735

Y, O

2

2E-158

98

9

unidentified Xylariales

Xylariales

unk

KF986412

Y

2

4E-98

86

10

unidentified Sordariales

Sordariales

unk

HM044649

O

2

3E-149

95

11

Stereum sp.

Russulales

wr

EU273556

Y, O

4

3E-179

96

Miller et al. 2006

12

Phlebia radiata

Polyporales

wr

AY089740

O

2

0E+00

99

Niku-Paavola et al. 1988

13

Mycena galericulata

Agaricales

wr

UDB011416

Y, O

2

0E+00

98

Kähkönen and Hakulinen 2011

14

Lenzites betulina

Polyporales

wr

UDB015755

Y

3

0E+00

98

Niemelä 2005

15

Stereum annosum

Russulales

wr

DQ000294

Y

2

0E+00

99

Miller et al. 2006

16

Haplographium sp.

Helotiales

unk

HM136670

O

1

3E-163

99

17

Hypholoma sublateritium

Agaricales

wr

JF692735

Y

1

0E+00

99

de Jong and Field 1997.

18

Hypholoma fasciculare

Agaricales

wr

UDB011502

Y

1

0E+00

99

de Jong and Field 1997.

OTU number

Identification

Order

Ecology

Genbank match

 ≥ 10% found in F, Y, or O stumps?

presence in number of stumps

E-Value

Max identity (%)

Literature

19

Ophiostoma sp.

Ophiostomatales

p

JX444662

F

2

0E+00

97

Kirk et al. 2008

20

Megacollybia platyphylla

Agaricales

wr

UDB011396

O

2

0E+00

98

Worrall et al. 1997

22

Leptodontidium elatius

Helotiales

p

AF475152

Y

1

1E-163

98

Graf-Widmark 2010

24

Chaetosphaeria sp.

Chaetosphaeriales

unk

HF677176

Y

2

1E-145

96

25

unidentified Agaricales

Agaricales

unk

DQ309168

Y

1

2E-169

96

27

Candida savonica

Saccharomycetales

sa?

JQ026350

Y

1

1E-126

99

Sonck 1974

28

Peniophorella praetermissa

Hymenochaetales

wr

HQ392620

Y

1

0E+00

99

Nakasone. 1990

30

unidentified Sordariales

Sordariales

unk

KF617904

O

1

4E-155

97

31

unidentified Heliotales

Helotiales

unk

AY781241

O

1

8E-160

98

34

unidentified Agaricales

Agaricales

unk

DQ309168

Y

1

5E-172

95

35

unidentified Atheliales

Atheliales

unk

KF617959

O

1

0E+00

99

37

unidentified Cystofilobasidiales

Cystofilobasidiales

unk

KC588728

F

2

4E-122

99

38

Microbotryomycetidae sp

Microbotryomycetes

p?

GU174389

F

2

1E-173

94

Sampaio et al. 2003

39

Chaetosphaeria decastyla

Chaetosphaeriales

unk

HF677176

Y

1

2E-163

99

40

Hyphodontia radula

Hymenochaetales

wr

AF145565

O

1

2E-155

99

Nakasone 1990.

42

Phaeoacremonium sp.

Calosphaeriales

p

HQ022067

Y

1

9E-118

97

Crous et al. 1996

43

Cryptococcus filicatus

Filobasidiales

sa?

FN908210

F

1

0E+00

99

Randhawa et al. 2001

45

unidentified Trechisporales

Trechisporales

unk

FJ820507

O

1

0E+00

99

52

Leucosporidiella creatinivora

Leucosporidiales

sa

NR_073329

F

1

0E+00

99

Middelhoven 2006

53

Candida railenensis

Saccharomycetales

en/sa

FM178302

F

1

0E+00

99

Isaeva et al. 2010.

63

Cadophora malorum

Helotiales

en/sr

DQ404350

F

1

6E-166

99

Blanchette et al. 2004

91

unidentified Diaporthales

Diaporthales

unk

HQ611311

Y

1

2E-110

90

128

unidentified Xylariales

Xylariales

unk

AY843084

O

2

3E-133

98

 

Literature cited

Aggelis, G., Ehaliotis, C., Nerud, F., Stoychev, I., Lyberatos, G., and G. Zervakis. 2002. Evaluation of white-rot fungi for detoxification and decolorization of effluents from the green olive debittering process. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 59:353–360.

Balasuriya, A. and N. K. B. Adikaram. 2009. Some spatial, temporal and spatio-temporal considerations of wood decay of tea (Camellia sinensis), caused by Nemania diffusa (Syn. Hypoxylon vestitum). Crop Protection 28:273–279.

Baldrian, P. 2003. Interactions of heavy metals with white-rot fungi. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 32:78–91.

Blanchette, R. A., Held, B. W., Jurgens, J. A., McNew, D. L., Harrington, T. C., Duncan, S. M., and R. L. Farrell. 2004. Wood-destroying soft rot fungi in the historic expedition huts of Antarctica. Applied Envirnomental Micobiology 70:1328–1335.

Crous, P. W., Gams, W., Wingfield, M. J., and P. S. van Wyk. 1996. Phaeoacremonium gen. nov. associated with wilt and decline diseases of woody hosts and human infections. Mycologia 88:786–796.

De Jong, E., and J. A. Field. 1997. Sulfur tuft and turkey tail: biosynthesis and biodegradation of organohalogens by Basidiomycetes. Annual review of microbiology 51:375–414.

Graf-Wimark, D. 2010. Substrate utilization, ammonium mineralization and phylogenetic relationships of the fungi Leptodontidium sp. found in boreal forest soil. MSc Thesis, Unversity of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala.

Isaeva, O. V., Glushakova, A. M., Garbuz, S. A., Kachalkin, A. V., Chernov, and I. Yu. 2010. Endophytic yeast fungi in plant storage tissues. Biology Bulletin 37:26–34.

Kähkönen MA, and R. Hakulinen. 2011. Hydrolytic enzyme activities, carbon dioxide production and the growth of litter degrading fungi in different soil layers in a coniferous forest in Northern Finland. European Journal of Soil Biology 47:108–113.

Kirk, P. M., P. F. Cannon, and J. A. Stalpers. 2008. Dictionary of the Fungi. CABI 1-784.

Middelhoven, W. 2006. Polysaccharides and phenolic compounds as substrate for yeasts isolated from rotten wood and description of Cryptococcus fagi sp.nov. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 90:57–67.

Miller, S., Larsson, E., Larsson, K-H., Verbeken, A., and J. Nuytinck. 2006. Perspectives in the new Russulales. Mycologia 98:960–970.

Nakasone, K. 1990. Cultural studies and identifications of wood-inhabiting Corticiaceae and selected Hymenomycetes from North America Mycologia Memoirs 15:1–412.

Niemelä T. 2005. Polypores, lignicolous fungi. Helsinki University press, Helsinki, Finland.

Niku-Paavola, M-L., Karhunen, E., Salola, P., and V. Raunio. 1988. Lignolytic enzymes of the white-rot fungus Phlebia radiata. Biochemical Journal 254:877–884.

Qu, P., K. Yamashita, T. Toda, A. Priyatmojo, M. Kubota, and M. Hyakumachi. 2008. Heterokaryon formation in Thanatephorus cucumeris (Rhizoctonia solani) AG-1 IC. Mycological Research 112:1088–1100.

Randhawa, H. S., A. Y. Mussa, and Z. U. Khan. 2001. Decaying wood in tree trunk hollows as a natural substrate for Cryptococcus neoformans and other yeast-like fungi of clinical interest. Mycopathologia 151:63–69.

Sampaio, J., M. Gadanho, R. Bauer, and M. Weiß. 2003. Taxonomic studies in the Microbotryomycetidae: Leucosporidium golubevii sp. nov., Leucosporidiella gen. nov. and the new orders Leucosporidiales and Sporidiobolales. Mycological Progress 2:53–68.

Sonck, C. E. 1974. Candida savonica sp. nov. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 40:543–545.

Worrall, J. J., Anagnost, S. E., and R. A. Zabel. 1997. Comparison of wood decay among diverse lignicolous fungi. Mycologia 89:199–219.


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