Ecological Archives E091-189-A3

Anne Moula, Pia Mutikainen, Marianna Lilley, Liisa Laukkanen, Juha-Pekka Salminen, and Roosa Leimu. 2010. Associations of plant fitness, leaf chemistry, and damage suggest selection mosaic in plant–herbivore interactions. Ecology 20:2650–2659.

Appendix C. Characteristics of the studied Vincetoxicum hirundinaria populations.

TABLE C1. Characteristics of the studied V. hirundinaria populations. Estimated population sizes are based on the number of flowering individuals. Percentages of plant individuals damaged by the folivore, A. asclepiadis and the seed predator, E. connexa in the study populations. Percentage of leaf area consumed and proportion of pods eaten (means and SEs).

 

 

Population

 

Estimated
population size

 

Habitat

 

Percentage (%) of
plant individuals
eaten by A. asclepiadis

 

Leaf area eaten (%)
mean

 

Leaf area eaten SE

 

Percentage (%) of
plant individuals
eaten by E. connexa

 

Proportion of pods
eaten
mean

 

Proportion of pods
eaten
SE

1. Berghamn
2. Henrysaari
3. Innamo
4. Jäämäluoto
5. Killingholm
6. Kälklot
7. Lammasluoto
8. Limskär
9. Lohm
10. Naantali
11. Petsor
12. Rilot
13. Ruissalo
14. Seili
15. Stenskär
16. Ånskär
17. Åvensor

150
50
100
50
1000
400
5000
4500
30
1000
100
150
100
100
50
2500
800

pasture, sunny/shadow
shore, sunny
cliff/forest, sunny/shadow
cliff/forest, sunny/shadow
cliff, sunny
shore, shadow
cliff, sunny
cliff, sunny
cliff, sunny
cliff, sunny
cliff, sunny
cliff, sunny
cliff/forest, sunny/shadow
forest, shadow
pasture/forest, shadow
cliff/forest, sunny/shadow
cliff/forest, sunny

36
11
22
83
10
68
45
21
20
74
22
10
no A. asclepiadis
45
22
68
42

0.5
0.1
0.5
5.0
0.5
3.0
1.5
0.1
2.5
3.0
0.1
0.5
.
1.5
1.5
2.5
2.0

0.1
0.1
0.3
2.0
0.3
1.0
0.5
0.1
1.5
1.0
0.1
0.5
.
0.5
1.1
0.5
1.0

50
41
29
35
31
11
69
no E.connexa
40
43
33
47
6
21
6
74
18

0.20
0.23
0.14
0.26
0.25
0.02
0.46
.
0.09
0.14
0.14
0.33
0.05
0.02
0.01
0.25
0.06

0.09
0.08
0.06
0.10
0.10
0.02
0.10
.
0.03
0.08
0.08
0.10
0.05
0.01
0.01
0.06
0.03


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