Ecological Archives E089-109-A2

David Kleijn and Ivo Raemakers. 2008. A retrospective analysis of pollen host plant use by stable and declining bumble bee species. Ecology 89:1811–1823.

Appendix B. Different pollen taxa observed during the study in Belgium, England, and The Netherlands.

TABLE B1. Different pollen taxa observed during the study in Belgium (B), England (UK) or the Netherlands (NL). In italic the change index is given for the most common plant species within each pollen taxa in the three countries. A dash indicates that the change index was not listed or that the species was not common enough to contribute to the calculation of the change index of the pollen taxa.


Pollen taxa Change Index   Pollen taxa Change Index
  Plant species UK B NL     Plant species UK B NL
Fabaceae         Campanulaceae      
Trifolium pratense/incarnatum -0.18 - 0.10   Campanula spec. -0.92 -0.70 -0.73
  T. pratense -0.18 - 0.10     C. rapunculus - -0.53 -
Trifolium repens 1.31 - 0.32     C. rotundifolia -0.92 -0.86 -0.73
Lotus spec. 0.52 -0.17 -0.07   Jasione montana -1.08 -0.75 -0.94
  L. corniculatus 1.09 -0.08 0.18   Boraginaceae      
  L. pedunculatus -0.06 -0.25 -0.32   Symphytum officinale 0.34 0.31 0.58
Vicia spec. -0.20 0.15 0.32   Echium vulgare -0.24 0.11 -0.23
  V. cracca -0.37 -0.10 0.17   Borago officinalis - - -1.57
  V. sepium  -0.43 -0.27 0.66   Pulmonaria officinalis 1.77 0.52 -0.78
  V. sativa ssp nigra 0.19 0.81 0.14   Cynoglossum officinale -1.09 -0.34 -1.32
Trifolium hybridum -0.48 -0.18 -0.47   Solanaceae      
Onobrychis viciifolia -0.76 -0.41 -1.45   Solanum dulcamara -0.11 1.20 0.93
Lupinus spec. 1.84 1.13 -   Solanum tuberosum - - -
  L. arboreus 1.84 - -   Nicotiana spec. - - -
  L. polyphyllus - 1.13 -   Ranunculaceae      
Melilotus spec. 0.18 0.77 0.68   Ranunculus acris 0.30 - 0.54
  M. albus -0.20 1.12 1.43   Thalictrum flavum -0.53 0.04 0.05
  M. altissimus 0.73 1.35 0.00   Consolida spec. - -0.05 -
  M. officinalis 0.02 -0.17 0.63     C. regalis - -0.05 -
Cytisus scoparius  0.00 -0.34 -0.48   Delphinium spec. - - -
Medicago sativa -0.56 0.37 0.50   Caprifoliaceae      
Phaseolus spec. - - -   Lonicera spec. -0.11 -0.37 -0.20
Ononis repens -0.45 0.00 -1.33     L. periclymenum -0.11 -0.37 -0.20
Lathyrus tuberosus -0.99 0.41 -0.75   Symphoricarpus albus  1.74 0.36 0.91
Lamiaceae         Viburnum spec. -0.15 -0.05 -
Lamium group -0.25 0.30 -0.50     V. opulus -0.15 -0.05 -
  L. album -0.65 - -   Saxifragaceae      
  L. purpureum -1.09 0.94 0.55   Ribes aurea - - -
  L. hybridum 1.57 0.35 -   Ribes sanguineum - 3.07 -
  L. amplexicaule -0.22 0.39 -   Hydrangea spec. - - -
  Lamiastrum galeobdolon 1.07 0.33 -   Papaveraceae      
  Ballota nigra -0.37 -0.53 -1.55   Chelidonium majus  -0.72 0.29 0.10
Stachys spec. -0.37 0.04 0.22   Papaver rhoeas -0.41 -0.01 0.13
  S. officinalis -0.62 - -   Caryophyllaceae      
  S. sylvatica -0.49 -0.07 -0.24   Silene spec. -0.86 0.40 0.81
  S. palustris 0.01 0.15 0.68     S. dioica -0.44 0.17 0.51
Galeopsis spec. -0.61 0.22 0.38     S. latifolia -0.88 0.63 1.10
  G. tetrahit -0.61 -0.14 0.38     S. vulgaris -1.26 - -
  G. bifida - 0.57 -   Lychnis spec. -0.79 -0.42 -0.43
Glechoma hederacea -0.56 -0.28 0.87     L. flos-cuculi -0.79 -0.42 -0.43
Thymus/Origanum spec. -0.37 -1.03 -1.34   Unknown Caryophyllaceae spec - - -
  Origanum vulgare -0.10 -0.57 -1.34   Aceraceae      
  Thymus pulegioides -0.38 -1.48 -   Acer spec. -0.03 1.11 -
  Thymus polytrichus -0.64 - -     A. platanoides - 0.97 -
Prunella vulgaris 0.60 -0.52 -0.50     A. campestre 0.35 0.88 -
Ericaceae           A. pseudoplatanus -0.40 1.11 -
Vaccinium spec. -0.61 -0.76 -0.57   Acer japonicum - - -
  V. myrtillus -0.61 -0.76 -0.57   Plantaginaceae      
Calluna vulgaris -0.64 -0.90 -0.85   Plantago lanceolata 1.35 - 0.60
Erica spec. -0.93 -0.88 -1.04   Plantago media -0.79 -0.47 -1.23
  E. tetralix -0.91 -0.88 -1.04   Liliaceae      
  E. cinerea -0.94 - -   Liliaceae spec. <40um pollen - - -
Rhododendron spec. 1.83 - 1.86   Liliaceae spec. > 40um pollen - - -
  R. ponticum 1.83 - 1.86          
Unknown Ericaceae spec. - - -          
Scrophulariaceae         Single taxa Families      
Melampyrum pratense -0.88 -1.14 -1.35   Impatiens glandulifera 1.85 2.27 2.47
Verbascum spec. 0.27 1.05 -0.27   Brassicaceae spec. 0.09 0.69 0.27
  V. densiflorum - - -0.27     Raphanus raphanistrum -1.39 0.18 -0.14
  V. thapsus 0.27 1.05 -     Sinapis arvensis -1.76 0.60 0.00
Digitalis purpurea 0.72 1.81 1.57     Brassica rapa 0.74 - -
Rhinanthus spec. -0.49 -1.01 -1.40     Brassica nigra -0.02 1.28 0.95
  R. angustifolius -0.10 -0.88 -1.40     Brassica napus 2.88 - -
  R. minor -0.49 -1.13 -   Lythrum salicaria -0.08 -0.10 -0.06
Linaria vulgaris -0.80 -0.24 0.65   Salix spec. 0.20 0.18 -0.42
Scrophularia spec. -0.29 0.03 0.10     S. repens -0.42 -0.85 -0.42
  S. auriculata -0.21 0.06 -     S. aurita -0.01 - -
  S. nodosa -0.37 0.00 0.10     S. cinerea 0.84 -0.10 -
Anthirrinium majus 2.84 1.62 -     S. caprea 0.34 0.65 -
Pedicularis spec. -1.08 -1.16 -2.23     S. viminalis 0.61 0.07 -
  P. palustris -0.88 -0.97 -2.04     S. pupurea -0.01 - -
  P. sylvatica -1.28 -1.34 -2.42     S. alba 0.02 0.64 -
Asteraceae           S. fragilis 0.26 0.64 -
Centaurea jacea -0.25 - -0.70   Helianthemum nummularium -0.70 -0.55 -
Centaurea cyanus -0.39 -2.09 -0.96   Buddleja davidii 3.73 3.43 -
Centaurea scabiosa -0.49 0.37 -1.23   Hypericum spec. -0.03 -0.29 -0.13
Cirsium spec. 0.47 0.20 1.43     H. androsemum 0.78 - -
  C. vulgare 0.80 1.35 -     H. perforatum - - 0.32
  C. palustre 0.15 -0.69 -     H. tetrapterum -0.41 -0.29 -0.15
  C. arvense 0.47 - 1.43     H. pulchrum -0.32 - -
  C. oleraceum - -0.07 -     H. hirsutum -0.18 - -
Taraxacum/Crepis group 0.13 0.14 0.55     H. dubium - - -0.55
  Taraxacum officinalis aggr. 0.43 - -   Phacelia tanacetifolia - - -
  C. biennis -0.02 -0.93 -   Tilia spec. 0.99 1.37 -
  C. capillaris -0.17 1.21 0.55     T. cordata 1.64 1.50 -
Solidago spec. -0.89 6.00 3.53     T. cord. X T. platyphyllos 0.33 1.23 -
  S. virgaurea -0.89 - -   Frangula alnus -0.16 -0.27 -
  S. canadensis - 5.94 -   Chamerion angustifolium -0.01 - 1.58
  S. gigantea - 6.06 3.53   Escallonia bifida - - -
Carlina vulgaris -0.85 - -1.64   Ligustrum ovalifolium - - -
Helianthus spec. - 1.34 -   Weigelia spec. - - -
  H. tuberosus - 1.34 -   Iris pseudacorus 0.16 0.28 0.57
Hypochaeris group 0.39 -0.56 0.25   Apiaceae spec. - - -
  H. radicata 0.61 -0.55 0.49   Aesculus hippocastanum 1.08 - -
  Leontodon autumnalis 1.33 -0.46 0.66   Cornus sanguinea -0.06 1.01 -
  L. hispidus -0.59 -1.08 -   Unknown spec 1 - - -
  L. saxatilis 0.21 -0.66 -0.40   Unknown spec 2 - - -
Senecio jacobea 0.11 0.37 -0.26   Unknown spec 3 - - -
Eupatorium cannabinum -0.15 0.36 0.53   Unknown spec 4 - - -
Rosaceae         Unknown spec 5 - - -
Rubus spec. -0.24 -0.23 0.18            
  R. idaeus -0.09 -0.23 0.39            
  R. fruticosus agg. -0.29 - -            
  R. caesius -0.34 - -0.03            
Filipendula ulmaria -0.10 -0.71 -0.30            
Pyrus/Prunus/Malus group 1.12 1.09 1.16            
  Malus sylvestris 0.57 - 1.96            
  Pyrus communis 1.49 - 0.78            
  Prunus avium 1.29 1.09 0.74            
Prunus serotina - 0.52 -            
Fragaria vesca -1.09 -0.71 -1.18            
Crataegus monogyna -0.76 0.50 -            


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