Ecological Archives E089-064-A1

April M. H. Blakeslee and James E. Byers. 2008. Using parasites to inform ecological history: comparisons among three congeneric marine snails. Ecology 89:1068–1078.

Appendix A. Literature review for Littorina littorea (LL), L. saxatilis (LS), and L. obtusata (LO) documenting sample sizes and trematode species richness by site.

TABLE A1. For North America, sites are listed north to south. For Europe, sites are listed NW to SE (with the exceptions of Iceland sites, which are placed before Scandinavian sites, and United Kingdom sites, which are binned by country and then listed north to south). Following this are the number of snails sampled for each study, the number of infected snails for each study, the total species richness in the study, and the adjusted species richness (average + standard deviation) per site. Adjusted species richness is based upon Monte Carlo resampling standardized for sampling effort at 75 individuals (sites with less than 75 individuals are represented by an asterisk). The abbreviation "n.d." indicates "no data". References are presented below.

Study site(s)
Snail species
Total snails
sampled
(LL/LS/LO)
Total infected
snails
(LL/LS/LO)
Total sp. richness
(LL/LS/LO)
Adj. sp. richness
(avg+stdev)
(LL/LS/LO)
Citation
North America Sites
Newfoundland, Canada LS 780 184 2 1.17 (+0.84) / 1.97 (+1.26) Threlfall and Goudie (1977)
Eastport and Roque Bluffs, ME, US LL, LS, LO 2040 / 1145 / 1645 96 / 482 / 304 2 / 6 / 7 1.17 (+0.84) / 4.10 (+1.38) / 4.00 (+1.31) Pohley (1976)
Roque Bluffs, ME, US LL 651 1 1 0.12 (+0.10) Pohley and Brown (1975)
Schoodic Peninsula, ME, US LL 109 13 1 1.17 (+0.84) Gorman and Moring (1982)
Isles of Shoals, ME/NH, US LL 817 75 1 1.00 (+0.89) Hoff (1941)
Nahant, MA and Wickford, RI, US LL 84 12 1 1.00 (+0.89) Pechenik et al. (2001)
Woods Hole, MA, US LS, LO n.d. / n.d. n.d. / n.d. 2 / 3 n.d. / n.d. Stunkard (1970)
Woods Hole, MA, US LL, LS, LO n.d./ n.d. /n.d. n.d./ n.d. /n.d. 2 / 4 / 4 n.d./ n.d. /n.d. Stunkard (1983)
Woods Hole, MA, US LL 632 64 3 1.00 (+0.89) Willey and Gross (1957)
Saunderstown, RI, US LL n.d. n.d. 1 n.d. Muller et al. (1999)
Long Island Sound, CT LL 2114 409 2 1.77 (+0.98) Zavras and James (1979)
Europe Sites
White Sea, Russia LS n.d. n.d. 1 n.d. Arakelova et al. (2004)
Kandalaksha Bay, White Sea, Russia LS, LO n.d. / n.d. n.d. / n.d. 1 / 1 n.d. / n.d. Gorbushin and Levakin (1999)
White Sea, Russia LS, LO 2658 / 4032 449 / 713 4 / 5 3.23 (+1.44) / 3.07 (+1.35) Granovitch et al. (2000)
Kandalaksha Bay, White Sea, Russia LS n.d. n.d. 3 n.d. Kaliberdina and Granovich (2003)
White Sea, Russia LO n.d. n.d. 5 n.d. Sergievsky (1985)
White Sea, Russia LS, LO n.d. / n.d. n.d. / n.d. 4 / 4 n.d. / n.d. Segievsky et al. (1997)
White Sea, Russia LL n.d. n.d. 3 n.d. Tschubrik (1966)
White Sea, Russia LL n.d. n.d. 1 n.d. Zelikman (1951)
Kandalaksha Bay, White Sea, Russia LL n.d. n.d. 4 n.d. Zelikman (1966)
North Iceland LS, LO 43 / 110 17 / 29 3 / 1 * / 1.00 (+0.97) Sannia and James (1977)
SW Iceland LS, LO 899 / 622 149 / 118 8 / 10 4.71 (+1.57) / 6.12 (+1.66) Galaktionov and Skirnisson (2000)
SW Iceland LO 622 78 9 4.48 (+1.46) Skirnisson and Galaktionov (2002)
Barents Sea Coast, Norway LS, LO 6307 / 5475 1543 / 821 4 / 3 2.79 (+1.45) / 1.86 (+1.24) Bustnes and Galaktionov (1999)
Tromso, Norway LS, LO n.d. / 685 / 360 n.d. / 139 / 41 1 / 4 / 4 n.d. / 3.58 (+1.59) / 2.09 (+1.08) Galaktionov and Bustnes (1995)
Swedish west coast LL, LS, LO 53 / 1682 / 261 19 / 106 / 31 5 / 8 / 3 * / 2.60 (+1.07) / 2.62 (+1.37) Granovitch and Johannesson (2000)
Northern Denmark coast LL n.d. n.d. 3 n.d. Mouritsen et al. (1999)
Kattegat, Baltic Sea LL 1382 158 5 2.30 (+1.21) Lauckner (1984a)
List Tidal Basin, Wadden Sea, Germany/Denmark LL 1090 155 6 3.56 (+1.40) Thieltges et al. (2006)
German and Danish coasts, Baltic Sea; German Bay, North Sea LL 46,569 14,221 6 3.50 (+1.35) Lauckner (1980)
German Bay LL n.d. n.d. 6 n.d. Werding (1969)
Konigshafen, German North Sea LL n.d. n.d. 6 n.d. Lauckner (1984b)
Shetland Islands, Scotland, UK LL, LS, LO 470 / 287 / 262 80 / 151 / 76 4 / 9 / 6 2.28 (+1.16) / 5.41 (+1.50) / 3.24 (+1.29) Williams and Ellis (1976)
Ythan Estuary, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK LL 800 135 5 2.35 (+1.26) Huxham et al. (1993)
Muck Island, Scotland, UK LS 160 56 1 0.47 (+0.45) McCarthy et al. (2000)
Edinburgh, Scotland, UK LL 2000 88 3 1.87 (+0.99) Huxham et al. (2001)
Millport, Scotland, UK LL, LS, LO 190 / n.d. / n.d. 1 / n.d. / n.d. 3 / 1 / 1 0.39 (+0.38) / n.d. / n.d. Lebour (1911)
Millport, Scotland, UK LS n.d. n.d. 3 n.d. Lebour (1914)
Northumberland coast, England, UK LL n.d. n.d. 1 n.d. Lebour (1906)
Northumberland coast, England, UK LS, LO n.d. / n.d. n.d. / n.d. 1 / 1 n.d. / n.d. Lebour (1907)
British coast, UK LS n.d. 1 7 3.23 (+1.44) James (1969)
Yorkshire, England, UK LL 5878 2200 4 3.21 (+1.45) Robson and Williams (1970)
Yorkshire, England, UK LL 637 367 4 3.17 (+1.43) Robson and Williams (1971a)
Yorkshire, England, UK LL n.d. n.d. 4 n.d. Robson and Williams (1971b)
Yorkshire, England, UK LL n.d. n.d. 2 n.d. Williams and Ellis (1975)
Whitstable, England, UK LS n.d. n.d. 1 n.d. Berry (1961)
Kent, England, UK LS 2571 184 1 1.00 (+0.96) Berry (1962)
Southampton, England, UK LL 800 301 3 3.00 (+1.48) Watts (1971)
Isles of Scilly, England, UK LS 403 127 6 5.03 (+1.68) Newell (1986)
Coastal regions, Wales, UK LL n.d. n.d. 6 n.d. Rees (1935)
Anglesey, Wales, UK LS 226 42 1 1.00 (+0.97) Elner and Raffaelli (1980)
Bangor, Wales, UK LL 1255 492 4 3.12 (+1.46) Hughes and Answer (1982)
West Wales, UK LO 200 31 6 3.41 (+1.36) Williams and Brailsford (1990)
Cardigan Bay, Wales, UK LL, LS, LO 6165 / n.d. / 3094 297 / n.d. / 423 6 / 1 / 3 2.48 (+0.88) / n.d. / 1.07 (+0.97) James (1968b)
Aberyswyth, Wales, UK LS, LO 4009 / 523 1093 / 383 2 / 2 1.00 (+0.97) / 1.00 (+0.97) James (1965)
Aberystwyth, Wales, UK LS n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. Popiel (1976)
Aberystwyth, Wales, UK LL, LS, LO 770 / n.d. / n.d. 32 / n.d. / n.d. 2 / 6 / 1 1.06 (+0.91) / n.d. / n.d. Rees (1936a)
Aberystwyth, Wales, UK LL 2000 2 1 0.07 (+0.07) Rees (1936b)
Aberystwyth, Wales, UK LL n.d. n.d. 2 n.d. Thomas (1974)
Pembrokeshire, Wales, UK LL, LS, LO n.d. / n.d. / n.d. n.d. / n.d. / n.d. 3 / 9 / 6 n.d. / n.d. / n.d. James (1968a)
Isle of Man LO 200 39 7 5.59 (+1.62) Williams and Brailsford (1998)
North Irish coast LS n.d. n.d. 3 n.d. McCarthy et al. (2002)
Strangford Lough, Ireland LL n.d. n.d. 3 n.d. Moore and Halton (1977)
Portavogie, Ireland LL n.d. n.d. 3 n.d. Pan et al. (1994)
Belfast Lough, Ireland LS 350 203 4 3.37 (+1.55) Irwin (1983)
Belfast, Ireland LL, LS, LO 401 / 106 / 106 239 / 54 / 28 2 / 4 / 1 1.92 (+1.23) / 3.41 (+1.52) / 1.00 (+0.97) Matthews et al. (1985)
Roscoff, France LS 1760 714 9 2.79 (+1.29) Combescot-Lang (1976)
Roscoff, France LL, LS, LO n.d. / n.d. / n.d. n.d. / n.d. / n.d. 3 / 2 / 1 n.d. / n.d. / n.d. Stunkard (1931)
French coast LS n.d. n.d. 1 n.d. Richard (1976)
Bassin d'Arcachon, France LL n.d. n.d. 2 n.d. Lespes (1857)

LITERATURE CITED

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