Ecological Archives E086-181-A1

Ingrid Quintero and Tomas Roslin. 2005. Rapid recovery of dung beetle communities following habitat fragmentation in Central Amazonia. Ecology 86:3303–3311.

Appendix A. The number of dung beetles captured in 2000 at three different sites (Dimona, Colosso, and Cidade Powell) in four different habitats: in old clear-cuts invaded by secondary growth (SG), in forest fragments of different size (1 ha and 10 ha, respectively) and in continuous forest (CF). At one of the sites (Dimona) we also sampled a clear-cut (CC) kept open from secondary vegetation. As the re-examination of Klein's (1989) material invoked some changes to his original classification, we have included both the taxonomy used by Klein (1989; “Original name”) and the one we feel is most justified (“Current classification”).

SPECIES

DIMONA

 

COLOSSO

 

CIDADE POWELL

 

TOTAL

Classification of Klein (1989)

Current clasification

CC

SG

1 ha

10 ha

CF

 

SG

1ha

10 ha

CF

 

SG

1 ha

10 ha

CF

 
                                     

Ateuchus sp. 7

Ateuchus connexus (Harold, 1868)

0

1

1

6

3

 

3

4

1

9

 

1

2

5

15

 

51

Ateuchus frontalis

Ateuchus pauki  Bhaltasar 1939

0

1

0

3

9

 

1

1

1

1

 

12

11

6

6

 

52

Ateuchus sp. 2

Ateuchus murrayi (Harold, 1868)

4

80

82

384

86

 

22

55

37

34

 

171

186

111

98

 

1350

Ateuchus sp. 6

Ateuchus simplex (LeConte, 1857)

0

0

0

30

0

 

1

1

0

4

 

3

3

4

3

 

49

Ateuchus sp. 1

Ateuchus aff setulosus

0

10

0

0

0

 

0

1

3

0

 

0

0

0

0

 

14

………

Ateuchus sp. 3.1

0

2

1

10

3

 

1

4

1

10

 

1

7

2

3

 

45

Ateuchus sp. 4

Ateuchus sp. 4

0

0

1

10

7

 

2

1

0

3

 

0

6

4

2

 

36

………

Ateuchus sp. 6.1

0

0

4

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

3

2

 

9

Ateuchus sp. 5

Ateuchus sp. 7

0

0

2

2

0

 

0

1

0

2

 

2

0

2

0

 

11

Canthidium atricolle

Canthidium atricolle Borre, 1868

0

1

1

1

1

 

0

1

0

0

 

1

0

0

0

 

6

………

Canthidium aurichalceum Borre, 1868

0

1

0

2

1

 

0

0

0

0

 

0

1

0

0

 

5

Neocanthidium auricolle

Canthidium auricolle Harold, 1867

0

0

0

1

11

 

0

2

0

0

 

11

13

16

16

 

70

Canthidium bicolor

Canthidium bicolor Boucomont, 1928

0

1

3

2

1

 

1

1

4

2

 

11

16

7

2

 

51

Neocanthidium miscellum

Canthidium aff. deyrollei

0

5

0

6

0

 

1

0

0

0

 

1

1

0

0

 

14

Canthidium ruficolle

Canthidium sp.2

0

2

24

20

27

 

8

4

6

3

 

8

22

3

2

 

129

Canthidium sp. f

Canthidium sp. [GRP bituberifrons]

1

11

6

56

16

 

1

64

43

7

 

20

36

11

8

 

280

Neocanthidium sp. 1

Canthidium sp. [GRP globulum]

0

0

2

2

5

 

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

1

0

 

10

………

Canthidium sp. 1

0

0

0

0

1

 

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

1

 

2

Neocanthidium lentum

Canthidium sp. [GRP lentum]

0

88

7

18

15

 

30

12

17

29

 

32

46

27

13

 

334

Glaphyrocanthon sp. 4

Canthon lituratus (Germar, 1824)

74

1

1

0

0

 

3

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

 

79

………

Canthon quadrigattatus (Olivier, 1789)

1

3

2

5

6

 

5

1

1

0

 

0

1

0

5

 

30

Trichocanthon sordidus

Canthon sordidus Harold, 1868

0

9

8

87

7

 

7

5

3

13

 

3

4

15

25

 

186

Scybalocanthon trimaculatus

Canthon sordidus Harold, 1868

0

35

21

162

24

 

14

5

13

38

 

9

17

18

36

 

392

………

Canthon sp. [GRP sericatus]

0

0

1

2

1

 

0

2

0

0

 

2

1

0

1

 

10

Glaphyrocanthon sp. 2

Canthon aff. acutiformis

382

3

1

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

1

0

 

387

Glaphyrocanthon sp. 3

Canthon aff. acutoides

40

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

 

40

Canthon triangularis

Canthon triangularis (Drury, 1770)

0

14

140

29

88

 

29

47

32

38

 

49

46

71

40

 

623

Phanaeus  jasius

Coprophanaeus jasius (Olivier, 1789)

0

2

1

6

22

 

3

7

12

13

 

5

17

6

7

 

101

Phanaeus lancifer

Coprophanaeus lancifer (Linné, 1767)

0

5

1

2

11

 

1

2

10

13

 

7

7

6

7

 

72

Phanaeus parvulus

Coprophanaeus parvulus (d´Olsoufieff, 1924)

0

4

1

2

8

 

0

0

1

0

 

4

3

2

0

 

25

………

Deltochilum amazonicum Bates, 1887

0

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

1

 

1

Deltochilum carinatum

Deltochilum carinatum (Westwood, 1837)

0

0

1

2

3

 

2

2

2

2

 

7

10

6

4

 

41

Deltochilum guyanensis

Deltochilum guyanense Paulian, 1938

0

21

2

54

96

 

3

12

5

41

 

63

86

81

59

 

523

Deltochilum pseudoicarus

Deltochilum icarus (Olivier, 1789)

0

1

1

3

3

 

7

4

5

6

 

11

9

2

5

 

57

………

Deltochilum orbiculare Lansberge, 1874

0

0

0

2

0

 

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

1

0

 

3

Deltochilum septemstriatum

Deltochilum septemstriatum Paulian, 1938

0

76

61

139

158

 

5

48

20

105

 

101

146

179

143

 

1181

Dichotomius apicalis

Dichotomius sp. Nov [GRP inachus]

0

3

1

8

10

 

0

8

2

7

 

3

8

5

13

 

68

Dichotomius sp. 1

Dichotomius boreus (Olivier, 1789)

0

29

14

87

67

 

25

21

41

41

 

35

64

49

29

 

502

Dichotomius sp. 4

Dichotomius [GRP lucasi]

0

2

0

26

21

 

4

20

5

44

 

18

32

39

47

 

258

Dichotomius sp. 8

Dichotomius subaeneus (Laporte, 1840)

0

3

58

14

10

 

1

18

2

5

 

2

0

2

8

 

123

………

Onthophagus onthochromus Arrow, 1913

0

0

0

0

1

 

1

1

0

0

 

0

0

0

2

 

5

Eurysternus cayannensis

Eurysternus balachowskyi (Half. & Half., 1977)

0

9

12

62

40

 

16

51

11

14

 

40

52

34

41

 

382

Eurysternus caribaeus

Eurysternus sp. [GRP caribaeus]

0

2

16

28

44

 

9

18

16

31

 

33

62

51

41

 

351

Eurysternus foedus

Eurysternus sp. [GRP foedus]

0

3

1

16

10

 

4

8

4

5

 

3

4

18

11

 

87

Eurysternus hirtellus

Eurysternus sp. [GRP plebejus]

0

13

84

73

79

 

10

28

2

22

 

32

65

52

51

 

511

Eurysternus velutinus

Eurysternus sp. [GRP velutinus]

0

37

50

111

83

 

10

24

8

62

 

46

62

44

61

 

598

Eurysternus bicolor

Eurysternus vastorium Martinez, 1988

0

7

19

81

43

 

4

29

14

34

 

54

77

56

68

 

486

Ontherus carnifrons

Ontherus carnifrons (Luederwaldt, 1930)

0

9

6

3

2

 

4

0

1

0

 

8

18

2

5

 

58

Onthophagus bidentata

Onthophagus haematopus Harold, 1875

19

388

630

623

165

 

416

695

284

142

 

179

277

149

61

 

4028

Onthophagus rubrecens

Onthophagus rubrecens Harold, 1875

0

1

0

3

4

 

1

3

2

7

 

11

12

25

5

 

74

Oxysternon conspicillatum

Oxysternon festivum (Linné, 1767)

0

5

0

2

0

 

0

5

1

2

 

6

4

2

1

 

28

Oxysternon spiniferum

Oxysternon durantoni Arnaud, 1984

0

0

0

1

2

 

1

2

0

0

 

0

2

3

2

 

13

Oxysternon sp. 1

Oxysternon sp. [GRP silenum]

0

1

1

0

2

 

1

2

2

1

 

6

2

0

0

 

18

Phanaeus  chalcomelas

Phanaeus chalcomelas (Perty, 1830)

0

7

0

10

3

 

1

4

2

12

 

5

7

14

5

 

70

Glaphyrocanthon sp.1

Pseudocanthonaff. xantorum

519

0

1

0

0

 

2

1

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

 

523

Scybalocanthon pygidialis

Scybalocanthon pygidialis (Schmidt, 1922)

0

2

1

2

43

 

0

2

1

8

 

6

32

37

17

 

151

Phanaeus faunas

Sulcuphanaeus faunus (Fabricius, 1775)

0

0

0

0

1

 

0

4

0

1

 

0

0

2

0

 

8

Trichillum hirsutum

Trichillum sp.

1

0

0

4

1

 

0

0

1

3

 

1

3

1

0

 

15

Trox sp. 1

Polinoncus juglans (Ractcliffe, 1980)

0

0

0

1

10

 

1

0

1

5

 

1

1

6

1

 

27

………

Uroxys besti Ratcliffe, 1980

0

0

0

0

1

 

1

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

 

2

………

Uroxys sp.

0

0

1

1

0

 

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

 

2

Eurysternus cayannensis

Eurysternus balachowskyi (Half. & Half., 1977)

0

9

12

62

40

 

16

51

11

14

 

40

52

34

41

 

382

Eurysternus caribaeus

Eurysternus sp. [GRP caribaeus]

0

2

16

28

44

 

9

18

16

31

 

33

62

51

41

 

351

Eurysternus foedus

Eurysternus sp. [GRP foedus]

0

3

1

16

10

 

4

8

4

5

 

3

4

18

11

 

87

Eurysternus hirtellus

Eurysternus sp. [GRP plebejus]

0

13

84

73

79

 

10

28

2

22

 

32

65

52

51

 

511

Eurysternus velutinus

Eurysternus sp. [GRP velutinus]

0

37

50

111

83

 

10

24

8

62

 

46

62

44

61

 

598

Eurysternus bicolor

Eurysternus vastorium Martinez, 1988

0

7

19

81

43

 

4

29

14

34

 

54

77

56

68

 

486

Ontherus carnifrons

Ontherus carnifrons (Luederwaldt, 1930)

0

9

6

3

2

 

4

0

1

0

 

8

18

2

5

 

58

Onthophagus bidentata

Onthophagus haematopus Harold, 1875

19

388

630

623

165

 

416

695

284

142

 

179

277

149

61

 

4028

Onthophagus rubrecens

Onthophagus rubrecens Harold, 1875

0

1

0

3

4

 

1

3

2

7

 

11

12

25

5

 

74

Oxysternon conspicillatum

Oxysternon festivum (Linné, 1767)

0

5

0

2

0

 

0

5

1

2

 

6

4

2

1

 

28

Oxysternon spiniferum

Oxysternon durantoni Arnaud, 1984

0

0

0

1

2

 

1

2

0

0

 

0

2

3

2

 

13

Oxysternon sp. 1

Oxysternon sp. [GRP silenum]

0

1

1

0

2

 

1

2

2

1

 

6

2

0

0

 

18

Phanaeus chalcomelas

Phanaeus chalcomelas (Perty, 1830)

0

7

0

10

3

 

1

4

2

12

 

5

7

14

5

 

70

Glaphyrocanthon sp.1

Pseudocanthon aff. xantorum

519

0

1

0

0

 

2

1

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

 

523

Scybalocanthon pygidialis

Scybalocanthon pygidialis (Schmidt, 1922)

0

2

1

2

43

 

0

2

1

8

 

6

32

37

17

 

151

Phanaeus faunas

Sulcuphanaeus faunus (Fabricius, 1775)

0

0

0

0

1

 

0

4

0

1

 

0

0

2

0

 

8

Trichillum hirsutum

Trichillum sp.

1

0

0

4

1

 

0

0

1

3

 

1

3

1

0

 

15

Trox sp. 1

Polinoncus juglans (Ractcliffe, 1980)

0

0

0

1

10

 

1

0

1

5

 

1

1

6

1

 

27

………

Uroxys besti Ratcliffe, 1980

0

0

0

0

1

 

1

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

 

2

………

Uroxys sp.

0

0

1

1

0

 

0

0

0

0

 

0

0

0

0

 

2

LITERATURE CITED

Klein, B. 1989. Effects of forest fragmentation on dung and carrion beetle communities in Central Amazonia. Ecology 70:1715–1725.



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