Ecological Archives E084-060-A1

Winfried Voigt, Jorg Perner, Andrew J. Davis, Till Eggers, Jens Schumacher, Rudolf Bährmann, Bärbel Fabian, Wolfgang Heinrich, Günter Köhler, Dorit Lichter, Rolf Marstaller, and Friedrich W. Sander. 2003. Trophic levels are differentially sensitive to climate. Ecology 84:2444–2453.

Appendix A. List of identified plant species and their classification into functional groups. For both sites (L = Leutratal; S = Steudnitz) the mean cover abundance data are presented.

No.

Functional
Group

Species

Code

Site: L

Site: S

1

annual forbs

Anagallis arvensis L.

Anagarve

 

0.0002

2

annual forbs

Anagallis foemina Mill.

Anagfoem

 

0.0002

3

annual forbs

Arenaria serpyllifolia L.

Arenserp

 

0.0041

4

annual forbs

Atriplex heterosperma Bunge

Atrihete

 

0.0012

5

annual forbs

Atriplex nitens Schk.

Atrinite

 

3.8176

6

annual forbs

Atriplex patula L.

Atripatu

0.0040

 

7

annual forbs

Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Med.

Capsburs

 

0.0200

8

annual forbs

Carlina vulgaris L. s.str.

Carlvulg

0.6559

 

9

annual forbs

Cerastium pallens F.W.Schultz

Cerapall

 

0.0498

10

annual forbs

Chaenarrhinum minus (L.)

Chaeminu

 

0.0002

11

annual forbs

Chenopodium album L.

Chenalbu

 

0.0030

12

annual forbs

Chenopodium rubrum L.

Chenrubr

 

0.2209

13

annual forbs

Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist

Conycana

 

0.0875

14

annual forbs

Daucus carota L.

Dauccaro

0.2699

 

15

annual forbs

Descurainia sophia (L.) Webb ex Prantl

Descsoph

 

0.0210

16

annual forbs

Fumaria vaillantii Lois.

Fumavail

0.0536

 

17

annual forbs

Galium aparine L.

Galiapar

0.7103

2.0868

18

annual forbs

Gentianella germanica (Willd.) Börner

Gentgerm

0.0949

 

19

annual forbs

Geranium dissectum L.

Geradiss

 

0.0002

20

annual forbs

Lactuca serriola L.

Lactserr

0.0596

0.2113

21

annual forbs

Lepidium ruderale L.

Lepirude

 

0.0538

22

annual forbs

Linum catharticum L.

Linucath

1.1471

 

23

annual forbs

Medicago lupulina L.

Medilupu

0.1630

0.0050

24

annual forbs

Myosotis arvensis (L.) Hill

Myosarve

 

0.0034

25

annual forbs

Papaver rhoeas L.

Paparhoe

 

0.0010

26

annual forbs

Pastinaca sativa L.

Pastsati

0.0575

 

27

annual forbs

Rhinanthus minor L.

Rhinmino

0.2569

 

28

annual forbs

Senecio vernalis W. & K.

Senevern

 

0.0320

29

annual forbs

Senecio vulgaris L.

Senevulg

 

0.0588

30

annual forbs

Solanum nigrum L.

Solanigr

 

0.0012

31

annual forbs

Sonchus arvensis L.

Soncarve

 

1.8280

32

annual forbs

Sonchus oleraceus L.

Soncoler

0.0080

0.0040

33

annual forbs

Stellaria media (L.) Vill.

Stelmedi

0.0080

 

34

annual forbs

Thlaspi perfoliatum L.

Thlaperf

0.0754

 

35

annual forbs

Trifolium campestre Schreb.

Trifcamp

0.1508

0.0127

36

annual forbs

Trifolium dubium Sibth.

Trifdubi

 

0.0024

37

annual forbs

Veronica arvensis L.

Veroarve

0.0238

0.0010

38

annual forbs

Vicia angustifolia L.

Viciangu

 

0.1712

39

annual forbs

Vicia hirsuta (L.) S.F.Gray

Vicihirs

 

7.6039

40

annual forbs

Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.

Vicitetr

 

0.0234

41

grasses

Agrostis gigantea Roth

Agrogiga

 

0.0002

42

grasses

Apera spica-venti (L.)P.B.

Aperspic

 

0.0002

43

grasses

Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) J.& K.Presl

Arrhelat

2.5044

0.3811

44

grasses

Avenula pratensis (L.)

Avenprat

0.3034

 

45

grasses

Avenula pubescens (Huds.)

Avenpube

0.1767

 

46

grasses

Brachypodium pinnatum (L.) P.B.

Bracpinn

7.2600

1.8659

47

grasses

Briza media L.

Brizmedi

1.4750

 

48

grasses

Bromus erectus Huds.

Bromerec

28.5156

0.8400

49

grasses

Bromus japonicus Thunb.

Bromjapo

 

0.0030

50

grasses

Bromus mollis L.

Brommoll

 

0.0026

51

grasses

Calamagrostis epigejos (L.)

Calaepig

 

0.0200

52

grasses

Carex caryopyllea Lat.

Carecary

0.0417

 

53

grasses

Carex flacca Schreb.

Careflac

1.7756

 

54

grasses

Carex humilis Leys.

Carehumi

8.2319

 

55

grasses

Carex ornithopoda Willd.

Careorni

0.1106

 

56

grasses

Dactylis glomerata L.

Dactglom

1.2439

0.0074

57

grasses

Elytrigia repens (L.) Nevski

Elytrepe

 

33.3314

58

grasses

Festuca arundinacea Schreb.

Festarun

 

1.3723

59

grasses

Festuca pratensis Huds.

Festprat

0.0397

 

60

grasses

Festuca rubra L.

Festrubr

0.0020

10.8643

61

grasses

Festuca rupicola Heuff em. Stohr

Festrupi

7.6473

0.0282

62

grasses

Koeleria pyramidata (Lam.) P.B.

Koelpyra

0.2935

 

63

grasses

Poa angustifolia L.

Poaangus

2.7997

3.6310

64

grasses

Poa compressa L.

Poacompr

 

0.0002

65

grasses

Poa trivialis L.

Poatrivi

 

0.0014

66

grasses

Puccinellia distans (L.) Parl.

Puccdist

 

21.2222

67

grasses

Sesleria varia (Jacq.) Wettst.

Seslvari

7.9007

 

68

grasses

Trisetum flavescens (L.) P.B.

Trisflav

0.8036

 

69

mosses

Aloina rigida (Hedw.) Limpr.

Aloirigi

0.0063

 

70

mosses

Amblystegium serpens (Hedw.) B.

Amblserp

0.1087

0.3160

71

mosses

Anomodon viticulosus (Hedw.) Hook. & Tayl.

Anomviti

0.5350

 

72

mosses

Barbula convoluta Hedw.

Barbconv

 

0.0088

73

mosses

Barbula unguiculata Hedw.

Barbungu

0.4915

0.0181

74

mosses

Brachythecium albicans (Hedw.) B.

Bracalbi

 

0.0030

75

mosses

Brachythecium rutabulum (Hedw.) B.

Bracruta

0.2833

1.0992

76

mosses

Brachythecium velutinum velutinum (Hedw.) B.

Bracvelu

0.0323

 

77

mosses

Bryum argenteum Hedw.

Bryuarge

0.0104

1.1851

78

mosses

Bryum bicolor s. str.

Bryubico

0.0084

 

79

mosses

Bryum bicolor Wood

Bryubico

 

0.0030

80

mosses

Bryum caespiticium Hedw.

Bryucaes

0.1342

5.2763

81

mosses

Bryum gemmiferum Wilcz. & Demar.

Bryugemm

 

0.0369

82

mosses

Bryum rubens Mitt.

Bryurube

0.0063

0.0012

83

mosses

Campylium calcareum Crundw. & Nyh.

Campcalc

0.0388

 

84

mosses

Campylium chrysophyllum (Brid.) J. Lange

Campchry

0.7386

 

85

mosses

Ceratodon purpureus (Hedw.) Brid.

Cerapurp

0.0334

3.0641

86

mosses

Ctenidium molluscum (Hedw.) Mitt.

Ctenmoll

6.9023

 

87

mosses

Didymodon fallax (Hedw.) Zander

Didyfall

0.0610

 

88

mosses

Entodon concinnus (De Not.) Par.

Entoconc

0.0516

 

89

mosses

Eurhynchium hians (Hedw.) Sande Lac.

Eurhhian

3.0997

0.0040

90

mosses

Fissidens cristatus Wils. ex Mitt.

Fisscris

4.1407

 

91

mosses

Fissidens taxifolius Hedw.

Fisstaxi

1.2433

 

92

mosses

Funaria hygrometrica Hedw.

Funahygr

 

2.8076

93

mosses

Homalothecium lutescens (Hedw.) Robins.

Homalute

0.6738

 

94

mosses

Hypnum lacunosum Brid.

Hypnlacu

0.2135

 

95

mosses

Lophocolea bidentata (L.) Dum.

Lophbide

0.0875

 

96

mosses

Lophocolea minor Nees

Lophmino

0.0605

 

97

mosses

Phascum curvicolle Hedw.

Phascurv

0.0126

 

98

mosses

Phascum cuspidatum Hedw.

Phascusp

0.0236

0.0136

99

mosses

Phascum floerkeanum Web. & Mohr

Phasfloe

0.0875

 

100

mosses

Plagiomnium affine (Bland.) T. Kop.

Plagaffi

0.0084

 

101

mosses

Plagiomnium undulatum (Hedw.) T. Kop.

Plagundu

0.0173

 

102

mosses

Pottia caespitosa (Bruch ex Brid.) C. Muell.

Pottcaes

0.0021

 

103

mosses

Pottia intermedia (Turn.) Fuernr.

Pottinte

 

0.0002

104

mosses

Pottia lanceolata (Hedw.) C. Muell.

Pottlanc

0.0042

0.0022

105

mosses

Pterygoneurum ovatum (Hedw.) Dixon

Pterovat

0.2486

 

106

mosses

Rhytidium rugosum (Hedw.) Kindb.

Rhytrugo

1.3639

 

107

mosses

Schistidium apocarpum (Hedw.) B. & S.

Schiapoc

0.0172

 

108

mosses

Thuidium abietinum (Hedw.) B.

Thuiabie

0.3410

 

109

mosses

Thuidium philibertii Limpr.

Thuiphil

0.0897

 

110

mosses

Tortella inclinata (Hedw. f.) Limpr.

Tortincl

0.0459

 

111

mosses

Weissia brachycarpa (Nees & Hornsch.) Jur.

Weisbrac

0.2052

 

112

mosses

Weissia crispula (Hedw.)

Weiscris

0.0250

 

113

mosses

Weissia longifolia Mitt.

Weislong

0.3680

 

114

mosses

Weissia triumphans (De Not.) M. Hill

Weistriu

0.0313

 

115

perennial forbs

Achillea millefolium L.

Achimill

0.1177

0.0002

116

perennial forbs

Agrimonia eupatoria L.

Agrieupa

1.4093

 

117

perennial forbs

Ajuga genevensis L.

Ajuggene

0.0060

 

118

perennial forbs

Anemone sylvestris L.

Anemsylv

1.0455

 

119

perennial forbs

Anthericum ramosum L.

Anthramo

9.7226

 

120

perennial forbs

Anthriscus sylvestris (L.)

Anthsylv

 

0.0002

121

perennial forbs

Anthyllis vulneraria L.

Anthvuln

0.0487

 

122

perennial forbs

Artemisia vulgaris L.

Artevulg

 

2.1684

123

perennial forbs

Asperula cynanchica L.

Aspecyna

0.8677

 

124

perennial forbs

Aster amellus L.

Asteamel

1.7266

0.0002

125

perennial forbs

Astragalus cicer L.

Astrcice

0.0061

 

126

perennial forbs

Astragalus glycyphyllos L.

Astrglyc

0.0082

 

127

perennial forbs

Bupleurum falcatum L.

Buplfalc

0.5330

 

128

perennial forbs

Campanula rapunculoides L.

Camprapu

2.1229

 

129

perennial forbs

Campanula rotundifolia L.

Camprotu

0.6742

 

130

perennial forbs

Carduus acanthoides L.

Cardacan

 

0.0023

131

perennial forbs

Carduus crispus L.

Cardcris

0.0080

0.0002

132

perennial forbs

Centaurea jacea ssp. angustifolia Gemli

Centangu

3.7673

 

133

perennial forbs

Centaurea scabiosa L.

Centscab

2.7205

 

134

perennial forbs

Cerastium holosteoides Fries em. Hyl.

Ceraholo

0.1389

0.0751

135

perennial forbs

Cirsium acaule Scop.

Cirsacau

6.7986

 

136

perennial forbs

Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.

Cirsarve

 

0.0917

137

perennial forbs

Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.

Cirsvulg

0.1211

0.1943

138

perennial forbs

Convolvulus arvensis L.

Convarve

1.2406

0.0063

139

perennial forbs

Crepis biennis L.

Crepbien

 

0.0010

140

perennial forbs

Crepis tectorum L.

Creptect

 

0.0006

141

perennial forbs

Cynoglossum officinale L.

Cynooffi

 

0.0417

142

perennial forbs

Dianthus carthusianorum L.

Diancart

0.2247

 

143

perennial forbs

Epilobium adenocaulon Hausskn.

Epiladen

 

0.0264

144

perennial forbs

Epilobium adnatum Griseb.

Epiladna

 

0.3026

145

perennial forbs

Epipactis atrorubens (Hoffm. Ex Bernh.) Bess.

Epipatro

0.0179

 

146

perennial forbs

Erigeron acris L.

Erigacri

0.0061

0.0004

147

perennial forbs

Euphorbia cyparissias L.

Euphcypa

4.5192

 

148

perennial forbs

Falcaria vulgaris Bernh.

Falcvulg

2.0183

0.0063

149

perennial forbs

Fallopia convolvulus (L.) A.Löve

Fallconv

 

0.0002

150

perennial forbs

Fragaria viridis Duch.

Fragviri

10.3711

 

151

perennial forbs

Galium mollugo L. s.str.

Galimoll

0.2251

0.0108

152

perennial forbs

Galium pumilum Murr. s.str.

Galipumi

0.0040

 

153

perennial forbs

Gentiana cruciata L.

Gentcruc

0.0433

 

154

perennial forbs

Gentianella ciliata (L.)

Gentcili

0.0873

 

155

perennial forbs

Geum urbanum L.

Geumurba

0.0020

 

156

perennial forbs

Gymnadenia conopsea (L.) R.Br.

Gymncono

0.1181

 

157

perennial forbs

Hieracium murorum L.

Hiermuro

0.0080

 

158

perennial forbs

Hieracium pilosella L.

Hierpilo

0.3410

 

159

perennial forbs

Hieracium umbellatum L.

Hierumbe

0.0161

 

160

perennial forbs

Hieracium wiesbaurianum Uechtr.

Hierwies

0.4167

 

161

perennial forbs

Himantoglossum hircinum (L.) Spr.

Himahirc

0.0180

 

162

perennial forbs

Hippocrepis comosa L.

Hippcomo

5.2772

 

163

perennial forbs

Hypericum perforatum L.

Hypeperf

0.3378

 

164

perennial forbs

Inula conyza (Grieselich) Meikle

Inulcony

0.1844

0.0504

165

perennial forbs

Inula hirta L.

Inulhirt

0.8605

 

166

perennial forbs

Knautia arvensis (L.) Coult.

Knauarve

2.8833

 

167

perennial forbs

Lamium album L.

Lamialbu

 

0.0002

168

perennial forbs

Lathyrus pratensis L.

Lathprat

0.0020

0.0070

169

perennial forbs

Leontodon hispidus L.

Leonhisp

0.1303

0.0014

170

perennial forbs

Leucanthemum vulgare Lam.

Leucvulg

1.3007

 

171

perennial forbs

Listera ovata (L.) R.Br.

Listovat

0.0277

 

172

perennial forbs

Lotus corniculatus L.

Lotucorn

1.6656

0.0072

173

perennial forbs

Medicago falcata L.

Medifalc

0.4740

 

174

perennial forbs

Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.

Onobvici

0.6216

 

175

perennial forbs

Ononis repens L.

Ononrepe

6.1636

 

176

perennial forbs

Ophrys apifera Huds.

Ophrapif

0.0287

 

177

perennial forbs

Orchis militaris L.

Orchmili

0.0865

 

178

perennial forbs

Origanum vulgare L.

Origvulg

0.1615

 

179

perennial forbs

Picris hieracioides L.

Picrhier

0.0282

0.0738

180

perennial forbs

Pimpinella saxifraga L.

Pimpsaxi

1.7792

 

181

perennial forbs

Plantago lanceolata L.

Planlanc

1.5367

 

182

perennial forbs

Plantago major L.

Planmajo

 

0.0004

183

perennial forbs

Plantago media L.

Planmedi

2.4660

 

184

perennial forbs

Polygala amarella Cr.

Polyamar

0.5040

 

185

perennial forbs

Polygala comosa Schk.

Polycomo

0.0554

 

186

perennial forbs

Potentilla neumanniana Rchb.

Poteneum

1.1874

 

187

perennial forbs

Potentilla reptans L.

Poterept

0.1151

0.8552

188

perennial forbs

Primula veris L.

Primveri

2.6791

 

189

perennial forbs

Prunella vulgaris L.

Prunvulg

0.0102

 

190

perennial forbs

Pulsatilla vulgaris Mill.

Pulsvulg

0.0270

 

191

perennial forbs

Ranunculus bulbosus L.

Ranubulb

0.1869

 

192

perennial forbs

Rumex acetosa L.

Rumeacet

0.0020

 

193

perennial forbs

Rumex crispus L.

Rumecris

 

0.0100

194

perennial forbs

Salvia pratensis L.

Salvprat

5.4713

 

195

perennial forbs

Sanguisorba minor Scop.

Sangmino

4.0778

 

196

perennial forbs

Scabiosa columbaria L.

Scabcolu

0.0139

 

197

perennial forbs

Scorzonera hispanica L.

Scorhisp

0.2779

 

198

perennial forbs

Silene nutans L.

Silenuta

0.0993

 

199

perennial forbs

Solidago virgaurea L.

Solivirg

0.0533

 

200

perennial forbs

Stachys recta L.

Stacrect

0.4862

 

201

perennial forbs

Tanacetum corymbosum (L.) Schultz-Bip.

Tanacory

0.0822

 

202

perennial forbs

Taraxacum laevigatum (Willd.) DC.

Taralaev

0.0553

 

203

perennial forbs

Taraxacum officinale Wiggers

Taraoffi

0.1665

0.2082

204

perennial forbs

Thalictrum minus L.

Thalminu

0.0080

 

205

perennial forbs

Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC.

Torijapo

0.3294

0.0563

206

perennial forbs

Tragopogon pratensis L.

Tragprat

0.0361

0.0403

207

perennial forbs

Trifolium medium L.

Trifmedi

5.1583

 

208

perennial forbs

Trifolium pratense L.

Trifprat

0.0239

 

209

perennial forbs

Trifolium repens L.

Trifrepe

0.0397

0.0010

210

perennial forbs

Tulipa hortensis

Tulihort

0.0020

 

211

perennial forbs

Urtica dioica L.

Urtidioi

 

0.0639

212

perennial forbs

Verbascum lychnitis L.

Verblych

 

0.0006

213

perennial forbs

Veronica teucrium L.

Veroteuc

0.1253

 

214

perennial forbs

Vicia cracca L.

Vicicrac

 

0.0010

215

perennial forbs

Vicia tenuifolia Roth

Vicitenu

0.6438

 

216

perennial forbs

Vincetoxicum hirundinaria Med.

Vinchiru

0.6710

 

217

perennial forbs

Viola arvensis Murr.

Violarve

 

0.0002

218

perennial forbs

Viola hirta L.

Violhirt

6.9219

 

219

perennial forbs

Viola odorata L.

Violodor

0.0080

 

220

woody plants

Acer campestre L.

Acercamp

0.1023

0.0002

221

woody plants

Acer platanoides L.

Acerplat

0.0144

 

222

woody plants

Acer pseudoplatanus L.

Acerpseu

0.0749

 

223

woody plants

Cerasus vulgaris Mill.

Ceravulg

0.0143

 

224

woody plants

Clematis vitalba L.

Clemvita

0.1772

1.0138

225

woody plants

Cornus sanguinea L.

Cornsang

3.2430

0.0031

226

woody plants

Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC.

Cratlaev

 

0.5524

227

woody plants

Crataegus monogyna Jacq.

Cratmono

 

0.3942

228

woody plants

Crataegus spec.

Cratspec

3.9603

0.0002

229

woody plants

Fagus sylvatica L.

Fagusylv

0.0178

 

230

woody plants

Frangula alnus Mill.

Franalnu

0.8283

 

231

woody plants

Fraxinus excelsior L.

Fraxexce

0.5280

0.0008

232

woody plants

Juniperus communis L.

Junicomm

0.8567

 

233

woody plants

Ligustrum vulgare L.

Liguvulg

0.0417

0.0008

234

woody plants

Lonicera caprifolium L.

Lonicapr

0.6072

 

235

woody plants

Malus spec.

Maluspec

0.1641

 

236

woody plants

Pinus nigra Arnold

Pinunigr

0.2064

 

237

woody plants

Pinus sylvestris L.

Pinusylv

1.2720

 

238

woody plants

Prunus domestica L.

Prundome

0.7252

 

239

woody plants

Prunus spec.

Prunspec

 

0.0022

240

woody plants

Prunus spinosa L.

Prunspin

4.7506

 

241

woody plants

Pyrus communis L. em. Gaertn.

Pyrucomm

 

0.0764

242

woody plants

Pyrus pyraster (L.) Burgsdorf

Pyrupyra

0.9684

0.1103

243

woody plants

Quercus robur L.

Querrobu

0.0179

 

244

woody plants

Rhamnus cathartica L.

Rhamcath

0.0506

 

245

woody plants

Rosa canina L.

Rosacani

7.5644

0.1271

246

woody plants

Rosa elliptica Tausch

Rosaelli

0.2601

 

247

woody plants

Rosa rubiginosa L.

Rosarubr

0.0895

0.0010

248

woody plants

Rosa tomentosa Sm.

Rosatome

0.1769

0.0170

249

woody plants

Sambucus nigra L.

Sambnigr

0.0159

 

250

woody plants

Sorbus torminalis (L.) Cr.

Sorbtorm

0.1019

 

251

woody plants

Teucrium chamaedrys L.

Teuccham

19.4759

 

252

woody plants

Teucrium montanum L.

Teucmont

3.1676

 

253

woody plants

Thymus praecox Opiz

Thymprae

2.6172

 

254

woody plants

Viburnum lantana L.

Vibulant

1.2148

 



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