Ecological Archives A025-142-A3

Susanne Fork, Andrea Woolfolk, Antonia Akhavan, Eric Van Dyke, Shirley Murphy, Bree Candiloro, Todd Newberry, Sondra Schreibman, Joshua Salisbury, and Kerstin Wasson. 2015. Biodiversity effects and rates of spread of nonnative eucalypt woodlands in central California. Ecological Applications 25:23062319. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/14-1943.1

Appendix C. Average abundances of species found in oak and eucalypt woodlands. Green highlighted values denote statistically significant differences in abundance (t-test, P = 0.05).  Orange highlighted values indicate species that are absent from one woodlot type, but present in three sites of the other type. (* = non-native spp.)

Scientific name

Common name

Abundance

Number of groves/6

 

Eucalypt

Oak

Eucalypt

Oak

PLANTS  (30 species)

 

 

 

 

 

Anthriscus caucalis*

bur chervil

1.17

0.00

1

0

Bromus carinatus

California brome

0.33

0.00

1

0

Bromus diandrus*

ripgut brome

0.17

0.00

1

0

Bromus spp.

brome

1.00

0.33

2

1

Cardamine oligosperma

bitter cress

0.00

0.17

0

1

Carduus pycnocephalus*

Italian thistle

5.67

1.33

3

1

Claytonia perfoliata

miner's lettuce

3.83

0.00

2

0

Clinopodium douglasii

yerba buena

0.00

0.17

0

1

Conium maculatum*

poison hemlock

0.00

0.83

0

1

Elymus glaucus

blue wild rye

0.17

0.00

1

0

Elymus triticoides

creeping wild rye

0.00

2.67

0

2

Eucalyptus globulus*

blue gum eucalyptus

0.33

0.00

1

0

Frangula californica

coffeeberry

0.00

0.67

0

1

Galium aparine

common bedstraw

6.83

0.00

4

0

Marah spp.

wild cucumber

0.17

0.17

1

1

Melica spp.

melica

0.00

0.33

0

1

Mimulus aurantiacus

sticky monkey flower

0.33

1.00

1

2

Oxalis pes-caprae*

Bermuda buttercup

0.83

0.00

2

0

Pentagramma triangularis

goldenback fern

0.00

0.50

0

2

Phacelia malvifolia

stinging phacelia

0.83

0.00

1

0

Pteridium aquilinum var. pubescens

bracken fern

0.00

0.50

0

1

Quercus agrifolia

coast live oak

0.00

0.50

0

3

Raphanus sativus*

wild radish

0.00

0.83

0

1

Rubus ursinus

California blackberry

1.83

10.67

2

4

Sanicula crassicaulis

gamble weed

0.33

0.00

1

0

Stachys bullata

wood mint

1.17

3.33

2

3

Stellaria media*

common chickweed

0.33

0.17

1

1

Symphoricarpos mollis

snowberry

0.00

3.50

0

1

Toxicodendron diversilobum

poison oak

4.00

14.17

3

4

Vinca major*

periwinkle

0.00

4.17

0

1

ARTHROPODS (117 species)

 

 

 

 

 

Acari spp.

mites

113.00

85.00

6

6

Alysiinae #1

wasp

0.00

0.17

0

1

Amecocerus #1

beetle

0.17

0.00

1

0

Anaspis #1

beetle

0.17

0.00

1

0

Aphelopinae #1

wasp

0.00

0.17

0

1

Aphididae #1

aphid

1.83

4.67

3

5

Araneae spp.

spiders

16.17

20.83

6

6

Armadillidium vulgare*

pillbug

1.17

9.67

5

6

Baeus #1

wasp

0.00

0.17

0

1

Bembidion #1

carabid beetle

0.17

0.00

1

0

Bethylinae #1

wasp

0.17

0.00

1

0

Bibionidae #1

fly

0.50

0.00

1

0

Bradycellus #1

carabid beetle

0.00

0.33

0

2

Bradytus #1

carabid beetle

0.00

0.17

0

1

Cantharidae #1

soldier beetle

0.00

0.33

0

2

Cecidomyiidae #1

fly

0.67

0.83

2

4

Ceraphronidae #1

wasp

0.00

0.83

0

4

Ceraphronidae #2

wasp

0.17

0.00

1

0

Ceratophyllidae #1

flea

0.00

0.33

0

1

Cercopidae #1

spittlebug

0.00

0.17

0

1

Ceuthophilus californianus

camel cricket

11.67

11.67

6

5

Cheliferidae #1

pseudoscorpion

0.00

0.17

0

1

Chironomidae #1

fly

0.00

0.17

0

1

Chloropidae #1

fly

0.17

0.00

1

0

Cicadellidae #1

leafhopper

0.00

1.33

0

5

Cicadellidae #2

leafhopper

0.17

0.17

1

1

Coccinellidae #1

ladybug beetle

0.33

0.17

2

1

Collembola spp.

springtail

75.50

112.17

6

6

Coniontis #1

darkling beetle

0.17

2.00

1

3

Curculionidae #1

weevil

0.17

0.00

1

0

Delphacidae #1

planthopper

0.33

0.00

2

0

Diapriinae #1

wasp

0.17

0.50

1

3

Diapriinae #2

wasp

0.00

0.17

0

1

Diapriinae #3

wasp

0.00

0.17

0

1

Diapriinae #4

wasp

1.17

0.17

1

1

Diapriinae #5

fly

2.83

0.00

1

0

Dolichopodidae #1

fly

0.17

0.17

1

1

Dolichopodidae #2

fly

0.00

0.17

0

1

Dolichopodidae #3

fly

0.00

0.17

0

1

Eleodes cordata

darkling beetle

1.83

1.83

4

4

Eleodes littoralis

darkling beetle

0.33

0.50

2

2

Empididae #1

fly

0.00

0.33

0

2

Epyrinae #1

wasp

0.33

0.00

1

0

Eucoilidae #1

wasp

0.17

0.00

1

0

Eusphalerum #1

rove beetle

0.00

0.17

0

1

Forficula auricularia

earwig

0.17

0.00

1

0

Gelis #1

wasp

0.83

0.83

2

3

Geophilomorpha #1

centipede

0.00

0.33

0

1

Geophilomorpha #2

centipede

0.00

0.17

0

1

Heleomyzidae #1

fly

0.17

0.33

1

1

Heleomyzidae #2

fly

0.17

0.00

1

0

Hypherpes #1

carabid beetle

20.33

25.83

6

6

Hypocyphtini #1

rove beetle

0.33

0.67

1

2

Hypocyphtini #2

rove beetle

0.00

0.17

0

1

Ichneumoninae #1

wasp

0.00

0.17

0

1

Lathridius #1

beetle

0.33

0.33

2

1

Lathridius #2

beetle

0.50

0.17

2

1

Lathridius #3

beetle

0.17

0.17

1

1

Lathridius #4

beetle

0.00

0.33

0

2

Lathridius #5

beetle

0.00

0.17

0

1

Lathridius #6

beetle

0.17

0.00

1

0

Lathridius #7

beetle

0.00

0.33

0

1

Lepismatidae #1

silverfish

0.33

0.00

2

0

Leptodiridae #1

beetle

0.00

0.33

0

2

Linepithema humile*

Argentine ant

6.17

20.83

5

5

Lithobiidae #1

centipede

0.50

0.50

3

2

Lygaeidae #1

seed bug

0.33

1.00

2

2

Machilidae #1

bristletail

0.83

0.50

3

3

Megaselia #1

fly

1.83

2.17

4

6

Megaspilidae #1

wasp

0.17

0.00

1

0

Metrius contractus

carabid beetle

0.00

0.17

0

1

Mymaridae #1

wasp

0.00

0.17

0

1

Oligolophinae #1

harvestman

0.00

0.17

0

1

Omus #1

carabid beetle

0.17

0.67

1

3

Opiloninae #1

harvestman

0.00

0.17

0

1

Ortholasma #1

harvestman

0.00

0.17

0

1

Paederinae #1

rove beetle

0.17

0.00

1

0

Paederinae #2

rove beetle

0.17

0.00

1

0

Pangaeus #1

carabid beetle

0.00

0.17

0

1

Phloeodes #1

ironclad beetle

0.00

0.17

0

1

Phygadeuontinae #1

wasp

0.00

0.83

0

3

Phygadeuontinae #2

wasp

0.00

0.17

0

1

Pipunculidae #1

fly

0.33

0.00

2

0

Platygastridae #1

wasp

0.00

0.17

0

1

Polyxenus #1

millipede

1.00

1.33

3

2

Porcellio dilatatus*

sowbug

0.83

0.67

2

2

Porcellio scaber*

sowbug

1.83

6.33

5

4

Promecognathus laevissimus

carabid beetle

0.00

0.83

0

2

Pseudocaeciliidae #1

barklice

0.33

1.00

1

2

Psocidae #1

barklice

0.67

3.00

4

3

Psocidae #2

barklice

0.00

0.17

0

1

Psyllidae #1

jumping plant louse

0.17

0.00

1

0

Pteromalidae #1

wasp

0.00

0.17

0

1

Ptiliidae #1

featherwing beetle

0.17

0.00

1

0

Ptinus #1

spider beetle

4.17

1.33

3

5

Ptinus #2

spider beetle

0.00

0.17

0

1

Rhaphidiidae #1

snakefly

0.00

0.17

0

1

Sarcophagidae #1

fly

0.50

0.50

1

3

Scaphinotus #1

carabid beetle

0.17

0.67

1

4

Scelioninae #1

wasp

0.17

0.17

1

1

Sciaridae #1

fly

15.50

25.50

5

6

Sepedophilus #1

rove beetle

0.33

0.00

1

0

Sphaeroceridae #1

fly

0.67

0.50

2

2

Staphylininae #1

rove beetle

0.00

0.33

0

2

Stenamma diecki

ant

0.00

0.50

0

2

Stenopelmatus fuscus

Jerusalem cricket

0.00

0.17

0

1

Stenus #1

rove beetle

0.00

0.17

0

1

Tapinoma sessile

ant

0.00

0.33

0

1

Teleasinae #1

wasp

0.00

0.17

0

1

Telenomus #1

wasp

1.50

0.33

3

2

Temnothorax andrei

ant

1.17

1.50

2

2

Thanotophilus #1

carrion beetle

0.00

0.50

0

1

Thripidae #1

thrip

0.17

1.83

1

5

Thripidae #2

thrip

0.00

0.33

0

2

Tineidae #1

moth

0.33

1.50

1

2

Tineidae #2

moth

0.00

0.17

0

1

Trogiidae #1

barklice

0.17

0.00

1

0

AMPHIBIANS (3 species)

 

 

 

 

 

Ensatina eschscholtzii

Ensatina

0.00

0.33

0

1

Batrachoseps attenuatus

Ca. slender salamander

0.33

0.83

2

4

Pseudacris sierra

Sierran treefrog

0.17

0.67

1

2

BIRDS (45 species)

 

 

 

 

 

Aphelocoma californica

Western scrub jay

0.39

0.17

4

3

Baeolophus inornatus

Oak titmouse

0.39

0.28

3

3

Bombycilla cedrorum

Cedar waxwing

2.78

0.00

3

0

Callipepla californica

California quail

2.11

0.11

4

1

Calypte anna

Anna's hummingbird

0.33

0.11

4

1

Cardellina pusilla

Wilson's warbler

0.22

0.39

1

3

Catharus guttatus

Hermit thrush

0.00

0.11

0

1

Catharus ustulatus

Swainson's thrush

0.00

0.06

0

1

Certhia americana

Brown creeper

0.50

0.06

4

1

Colaptes auratus

Northern flicker

0.17

0.06

2

1

Corvus brachyrhynchos

American crow

0.17

0.28

2

1

Cyanocitta stelleri

Steller's jay

0.28

0.17

2

2

Empidonax difficilis

Pacific-slope flycatcher

0.83

0.94

5

5

Geothlypis trichas

Common yellowthroat

0.28

0.06

1

1

Haemorhous mexicanus

House finch

0.89

0.33

4

3

Haemorhous purpureus

Purple finch

0.67

1.28

5

4

Junco hyemalis

Dark-eyed junco

0.89

0.61

5

4

Melanerpes formicivorus

Acorn woodpecker

0.50

0.39

3

2

Melospiza melodia

Song sparrow

1.56

1.39

6

5

Melozone crissalis

California towhee

0.00

0.06

0

1

Oreothlypis celata

Orange-crowned warbler

0.06

0.11

1

2

Pheucticus melanocephalus

Black headed grosbeak

0.11

0.06

1

1

Picoides nuttallii

Nuttall's woodpecker

0.17

0.06

3

1

Picoides pubescens

Downy woodpecker

0.06

0.17

1

3

Picoides villosus

Hairy woodpecker

0.11

0.39

2

3

Pipilo maculatus

Spotted towhee

1.06

1.00

6

6

Piranga ludoviciana

Western tanager

0.00

0.11

0

1

Poecile rufescens

Chestnut-backed chickadee

1.28

1.78

6

6

Psaltriparus minimus

Bushtit

0.17

1.22

1

4

Regulus calendula

Ruby-crowned kinglet

0.11

0.50

2

5

Sayornis nigricans

Black phoebe

0.00

0.06

0

1

Selasphorus sasin

Allen's hummingbird

0.11

0.00

2

0

Setophaga coronata

Yellow-rumped warbler

1.78

0.72

5

3

Setophaga townsendi

Townsend's warbler

0.00

0.06

0

1

Sitta canadensis

Red-breasted nuthatch

0.06

0.00

1

0

Spinus pinus

Pine siskin

0.11

0.00

2

0

Spinus tristis

American goldfinch

0.22

0.22

2

1

Streptopelia decaocto*

Eurasian collared-dove

0.17

0.00

1

0

Sturnus vulgaris*

European starling

3.44

1.11

4

2

Thryomanes bewickii

Bewick's wren

1.11

1.00

5

6

Turdus migratorius

American robin

0.78

0.61

3

3

Vireo gilvus

Warbling vireo

0.28

0.22

2

1

Vireo huttoni

Hutton's vireo

0.17

0.67

1

4

Zenaida macroura

Mourning dove

0.56

0.00

2

0

Zonotrichia atricapilla

Golden-crowned sparrow

0.00

0.06

0

1

TOTAL SPECIES ONLY IN ONE WOODLOT TYPE

 

 

40

70

 


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