Ecological Archives A025-062-A3

Teresa J. Lorenz, Kerri T. Vierling, Timothy R. Johnson, and Philip C. Fischer. 2015. The role of wood hardness in limiting nest site selection in avian cavity excavators. Ecological Applications 25:10161033. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/14-1042.1

Appendix C. Support for models explaining territory-scale and nest-tree selection.

Table C1. Support for all models explaining territory-scale selection by four woodpecker species in central Washington, 2011–2013.

Model

k

AICc

Δi

wi

Black-backed woodpecker

     

body

2

2.33

0.00

0.665

sill body

3

4.69

2.35

0.205

sill body dsnag

4

7.18

4.84

0.059

dsnag body dlive10

4

7.18

4.84

0.059

DBH*DBH cline body dsnag

6

10.63

8.29

0.011

DBH cline sill body prefire dlive10 dsnag

8

14.80

12.47

0.001

dlive10 sill

3

47.41

45.08

0.000

dlive10

2

47.64

45.31

0.000

dsnag dlive10 sill

4

49.58

47.25

0.000

dsnag dlive10

3

49.73

47.39

0.000

sill

2

51.10

48.76

0.000

none

1

54.17

51.84

0.000

dsnag

2

55.27

52.94

0.000

DBH

2

56.35

54.02

0.000

prefire dsnag

3

57.62

55.28

0.000

cline DBH

3

57.82

55.49

0.000

DBH*DBH cline

4

61.17

58.83

0.000

Hairy woodpecker

       

body

2

2.21

0.00

0.647

sill body

3

4.43

2.22

0.213

sill body dsnag

4

6.73

4.52

0.068

DBH dsnag body

4

6.73

4.52

0.068

DBH cline sill body dlive10 dsnag

7

12.15

9.94

0.004

dlive10 sill

3

48.77

46.56

0.000

sill

2

48.93

46.72

0.000

cline DBH

3

74.65

72.44

0.000

DBH

2

79.51

77.30

0.000

DBH dsnag

3

79.62

77.41

0.000

none

1

83.25

81.04

0.000

dsnag dlive10

3

187.88

185.67

0.000

Northern flicker

       

body

2

2.23

0.00

0.584

sill body

3

4.47

2.24

0.191

cline sill body

4

4.80

2.57

0.162

canopy sill body

4

6.80

4.57

0.060

DBH cline sill body dlive10 canopy

7

12.38

10.15

0.004

sill

2

41.33

39.10

0.000

DBH cline

3

50.61

48.38

0.000

cline DBH dlive10 canopy

5

53.41

51.18

0.000

cline

2

55.05

52.82

0.000

none

1

76.32

74.09

0.000

canopy

2

77.92

75.69

0.000

DBH

2

78.18

75.95

0.000

canopy dlive10

3

79.83

77.60

0.000

White-headed woodpecker

     

sill body

3

4.34

0.00

0.891

body

2

8.86

4.53

0.093

body dlive50 canopy shrub

5

13.07

8.73

0.011

DBH dlive50 cline sill body shrub slope canopy

9

14.77

10.43

0.005

canopy sill

3

54.14

49.80

0.000

sill

2

54.91

50.57

0.000

cline

2

99.43

95.09

0.000

shrub cline

3

100.81

96.47

0.000

canopy

2

101.30

96.97

0.000

DBH cline

3

101.60

97.26

0.000

canopy shrub

3

101.88

97.54

0.000

none

1

102.64

98.30

0.000

slope

2

103.10

98.77

0.000

canopy shrub dlive50

4

103.91

99.57

0.000

dlive50

2

104.92

100.58

0.000

slope dlive50 DBH

4

105.18

100.84

0.000

DBH

2

106.11

101.77

0.000

dlive50 DBH

3

107.06

102.73

0.000

 

Table C2. Support for all models explaining nest-tree selection by four woodpecker species in central Washington, 2011–2013.

Model

k

AICc

Δi

wi

Black-backed woodpecker

       

body

2

7.12

0.00

0.749

sill body

3

9.31

2.19

0.251

orientation height

3

46.30

39.18

0.000

orientation

2

49.14

42.02

0.000

body orientation

3

52.81

45.69

0.000

sill

2

54.17

47.05

0.000

none

1

54.17

47.05

0.000

height

2

55.61

48.49

0.000

sill height

3

56.21

49.09

0.000

height sill body orientation

5

57.34

50.22

0.000

Hairy woodpecker

       

body orientation

3

4.43

0.00

0.894

body

2

9.80

5.38

0.061

sill body

3

11.11

6.69

0.032

height sill body orientation

5

12.86

8.43

0.013

sill height

3

71.96

67.53

0.000

height

2

74.33

69.90

0.000

sill

2

77.13

72.70

0.000

orientation height

3

77.54

73.11

0.000

none

1

83.25

78.82

0.000

orientation

2

86.44

82.01

0.000

Northern flicker

       

height sill body orientation

5

33.16

0.00

0.472

body

2

33.73

0.57

0.354

sill body

3

35.96

2.80

0.116

body orientation

3

37.34

4.18

0.058

sill height

3

66.27

33.11

0.000

sill

2

68.19

35.03

0.000

height

2

73.46

40.31

0.000

none

1

76.32

43.16

0.000

orientation

2

77.26

44.10

0.000

orientation height

3

80.34

47.19

0.000

White-headed woodpecker

       

sill body

3

25.36

0.00

0.533

body

2

25.80

0.44

0.427

body orientation

3

31.86

6.49

0.021

height sill body orientation

5

31.97

6.60

0.020

none

1

48.93

23.57

0.000

sill height

3

73.16

47.80

0.000

orientation height

3

80.23

54.86

0.000

height

2

84.14

58.77

0.000

sill

2

86.11

60.75

0.000

orientation

2

93.94

68.58

0.000


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