Ecological Archives A025-048-A1

Pauline E. Quesnelle, Kathryn E. Lindsay, and Lenore Fahrig. 2015. Relative effects of landscape-scale wetland amount and landscape matrix quality on wetland vertebrates: a meta-analysis. Ecological Applications 25:812825. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/14-0362.1

Appendix A. Studies included in the meta-analysis and associated country, species, effect sizes, adjusted sample sizes, and study design categories.

Table A1. Studies included in the meta-analysis and associated country, species, effect sizes for wetland amount and forest amount (ESr), adjusted sample sizes (n), and study design categories (study type, sampling effort, patch area and response type). For descriptions of study design categories, see Table 1.

Study*

Country

Taxa+

Order

Species

Wetland ESr

Forest ESr

n

Study Type

Sampling Effort

Patch Area

Response Type

1

Canada

m

Rodentia

Castor canadensis

0.28

-0.27

24

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

2

USA

m

Rodentia

Oryzomys palustris

0.19

0.03

35

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

3

USA

m

Rodentia

Microtus pennsylvanicus

0.08

-0.19

15

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

3

USA

m

Soricomorpha

Sorex fumeus

0.29

-0.22

15

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

3

USA

m

Rodentia

Synaptomys cooperi

0.13

0.54

15

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

4

USA

m

Lagomorpha

Sylvilagus palustris hefneri

0.30

0.05

39

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

5

USA

m

Rodentia

Neofiber alleni

0.42

-0.37

453

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

6

Japan

b

Pelecaniformes

Ardea cinerea

0.40

-0.05

32

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

6

Japan

b

Pelecaniformes

Egretta intermedia

0.14

-0.26

32

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

6

Japan

b

Pelecaniformes

Nycticorax nycticorax

0.43

-0.01

32

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

7

USA

b

Ciconiiformes

Botaurus lentiginosus

0.14

-0.05

83

Amount

Independent

yes

Abundance

7

USA

b

Gruiformes

Fulica americana

0.18

-0.23

190

Amount

Independent

yes

Abundance

7

USA

b

Ciconiiformes

Ixobrychus exilis

0.21

-0.20

79

Amount

Independent

yes

Abundance

7

USA

b

Podicipediformes

Podilymbus podiceps

0.11

0.11

190

Amount

Independent

yes

Abundance

7

USA

b

Gruiformes

Porzana carolina

0.10

-0.24

190

Amount

Independent

yes

Abundance

8

Spain

b

Falconiformes

Circus aeruginosus

0.15

0.06

35

Configuration

Unknown

no

Occurrence

9

Netherlands

b

Passeriformes

Acrocephalus scirpaceus

0.09

0.08

316

Amount

Dependent

no

Abundance

10

USA

b

Ciconiiformes

Ardea herodias

0.28

0.10

29

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

11

USA

b

Passeriformes

Agelaius phoeniceus

0.17

-0.67

11

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

11

USA

b

Passeriformes

Cistothorus palustris

0.09

0.12

11

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

11

USA

b

Passeriformes

Cistothorus platensis

-0.40

0.22

11

Amount

Independent

yes

Abundance

12

Brazil

b

Anseriformes

Amazonetta brasiliensis

0.43

-0.18

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

12

Brazil

b

Anseriformes

Anas flavirostris

0.28

-0.03

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Anseriformes

Anas versicolor

0.22

-0.20

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Gruiformes

Aramides ypecaha

0.09

-0.15

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Gruiformes

Aramus guarauna

0.05

-0.11

35

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Ciconiiformes

Ardea alba

0.08

0.24

6

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

12

Brazil

b

Ciconiiformes

Ardea cocoi

0.53

-0.15

6

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

12

Brazil

b

Ciconiiformes

Butorides striata

0.25

0.08

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Anseriformes

Callonetta leucophrys

0.12

-0.10

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Anseriformes

Chauna torquata

0.17

-0.15

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Ciconiiformes

Ciconia maguari

0.42

-0.22

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

12

Brazil

b

Falconiformes

Circus buffoni

0.14

0.03

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Anseriformes

Dendrocygna bicolor

0.22

-0.19

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Anseriformes

Dendrocygna viduata

0.27

-0.15

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

12

Brazil

b

Ciconiiformes

Egretta thula

0.25

0.14

9

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

12

Brazil

b

Gruiformes

Fulica leucoptera

0.02

-0.09

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Charadriiformes

Gallinago paraguaiae

0.32

-0.38

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Gruiformes

Gallinula galeata

0.58

-0.15

35

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

12

Brazil

b

Gruiformes

Gallinula melanops

-0.10

0.06

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Charadriiformes

Himantopus himantopus

0.13

-0.13

42

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Charadriiformes

Jacana jacana

0.43

-0.15

42

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

12

Brazil

b

Ciconiiformes

Mycteria americana

0.19

-0.15

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Anseriformes

Netta peposaca

0.35

-0.16

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Ciconiiformes

Nycticorax nycticorax

0.06

-0.17

32

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

12

Brazil

b

Gruiformes

Pardirallus sanguinolentus

0.18

-0.14

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Ciconiiformes

Phimosus infuscatus

0.51

-0.13

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

12

Brazil

b

Ciconiiformes

Platalea ajaja

0.22

-0.14

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Ciconiiformes

Plegadis chihi

0.40

-0.17

9

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

12

Brazil

b

Podicipediformes

Podilymbus podiceps

0.06

-0.21

35

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Podicipediformes

Rollandia rolland

0.43

-0.12

42

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Falconiformes

Rostrhamus sociabilis

0.26

-0.05

9

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Ciconiiformes

Syrigma sibilatrix

0.07

-0.05

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

12

Brazil

b

Ciconiiformes

Theristicus caerulescens

0.47

-0.21

5

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

13

Canada

b

Ciconiiformes

Botaurus lentiginosus

0.27

0.13

141

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

13

Canada

b

Ciconiiformes

Ixobrychus exilis

0.47

-0.03

141

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

13

Canada

b

Podicipediformes

Podilymbus podiceps

0.30

-0.14

141

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

13

Canada

b

Gruiformes

Porzana carolina

0.11

-0.28

141

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

13

Canada

b

Gruiformes

Rallus limicola

0.20

-0.08

141

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

14

USA

b

Falconiformes

Circus cyaneus

-0.27

0.39

17

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

15

USA

b

Anseriformes

Dendrocygna bicolor

0.09

-0.23

5

Amount

Dependent

no

Density

15

USA

b

Gruiformes

Gallinula galeata

0.41

-0.20

5

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

15

USA

b

Ciconiiformes

Ixobrychus exilis

0.07

-0.10

5

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

15

USA

b

Gruiformes

Porphyrio martinica

0.45

-0.25

5

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

15

USA

b

Gruiformes

Rallus elegans

0.29

-0.25

5

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

16

Canada

b

Passeriformes

Cistothorus palustris

0.53

-0.43

70

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

16

Canada

b

Passeriformes

Geothlypis trichas

0.14

0.18

70

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

16

Canada

b

Ciconiiformes

Ixobrychus exilis

0.24

-0.15

70

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

16

Canada

b

Passeriformes

Melospiza georgiana

0.24

0.15

70

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

16

Canada

b

Podicipediformes

Podilymbus podiceps

0.30

-0.07

70

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

16

Canada

b

Gruiformes

Rallus limicola

0.29

0.04

70

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

16

Canada

b

Passeriformes

Setophaga petechia

0.07

-0.23

70

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

17

USA

b

Ciconiiformes

Botaurus lentiginosus

0.29

0.60

10

Amount

Independent

yes

Abundance

17

USA

b

Ciconiiformes

Ixobrychus exilis

0.03

0.27

15

Amount

Independent

yes

Abundance

17

USA

b

Podicipediformes

Podilymbus podiceps

0.75

0.88

16

Amount

Independent

yes

Abundance

17

USA

b

Gruiformes

Porzana carolina

0.18

0.36

16

Amount

Independent

yes

Abundance

17

USA

b

Gruiformes

Rallus limicola

0.14

0.38

16

Amount

Independent

yes

Abundance

18

Canada

b

Passeriformes

Agelaius phoeniceus

0.44

0.15

15

Amount

Independent

no

Abundance

18

Canada

b

Passeriformes

Cistothorus palustris

0.61

-0.02

15

Amount

Independent

no

Abundance

18

Canada

b

Gruiformes

Gallinula galeata

0.42

0.00

15

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

18

Canada

b

Passeriformes

Geothlypis trichas

-0.31

0.36

15

Amount

Independent

no

Abundance

18

Canada

b

Ciconiiformes

Ixobrychus exilis

0.64

-0.06

15

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

18

Canada

b

Passeriformes

Melospiza georgiana

0.47

-0.24

15

Amount

Independent

no

Abundance

18

Canada

b

Gruiformes

Porzana carolina

0.00

-0.09

15

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

18

Canada

b

Gruiformes

Rallus limicola

0.20

-0.28

15

Amount

Independent

no

Abundance

19

USA

b

Gruiformes

Gallinula galeata

-0.05

0.17

109

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

19

USA

b

Ciconiiformes

Ixobrychus exilis

-0.08

-0.13

62

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

19

USA

b

Gruiformes

Porphyrio martinica

-0.06

0.14

109

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

20

USA

b

Passeriformes

Agelaius phoeniceus

-0.35

-0.32

32

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

20

USA

b

Anseriformes

Anas discors

0.06

0.18

22

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

20

USA

b

Anseriformes

Anas platyrhynchos

0.08

-0.06

32

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

20

USA

b

Charadriiformes

Chlidonias niger

0.08

-0.29

22

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

20

USA

b

Passeriformes

Cistothorus palustris

0.42

-0.14

22

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

20

USA

b

Passeriformes

Cistothorus platensis

0.37

-0.10

22

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

20

USA

b

Passeriformes

Empidonax alnorum

0.12

-0.12

10

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

20

USA

b

Gruiformes

Fulica americana

-0.05

-0.11

22

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

20

USA

b

Charadriiformes

Gallinago delicata

0.20

0.14

10

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

20

USA

b

Passeriformes

Geothlypis trichas

0.65

0.11

32

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

20

USA

b

Gruiformes

Grus canadensis

0.56

0.65

10

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

20

USA

b

Passeriformes

Melospiza georgiana

0.49

0.14

32

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

20

USA

b

Podicipediformes

Podilymbus podiceps

0.09

-0.15

22

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

20

USA

b

Gruiformes

Porzana carolina

0.20

0.26

32

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

20

USA

b

Gruiformes

Rallus limicola

-0.25

-0.07

22

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

20

USA

b

Passeriformes

Setophaga petechia

0.36

0.20

32

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

20

USA

b

Passeriformes

Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

0.04

-0.42

12

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

21

USA

r

Testudine

Chrysemys picta marginata

0.26

0.24

31

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

21

USA

r

Testudine

Emydoidea blandingii

-0.10

0.11

7

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

21

USA

r

Squamata

Nerodia erythrogaster neglecta

-0.14

0.17

12

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

21

USA

r

Squamata

Nerodia sipedon sipedon

0.21

0.28

21

Configuration

Dependent

no

Abundance

22

Canada

r

Testudine

Chrysemys picta marginata

-0.19

0.53

20

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

23

USA

r

Testudine

Chrysemys picta

0.22

-0.43

35

Amount

Independent

no

Abundance

24

USA

r

Squamata

Nerodia erythrogaster neglecta

0.12

-0.17

76

Amount

Independent

yes

Abundance

24

USA

r

Squamata

Nerodia rhombifer rhombifer

0.26

-0.31

76

Amount

Independent

yes

Abundance

24

USA

r

Squamata

Nerodia sipedon pleuralis

0.04

-0.19

76

Amount

Independent

yes

Abundance

25

USA

r

Testudine

Glyptemys muhlenbergii

0.09

-0.14

43

Amount

Unknown

yes

Occurrence

16

Canada

r

Testudine

Emydoidea blandingii

-0.08

0.50

70

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

16

Canada

r

Testudine

Sternotherus odoratus

-0.21

0.34

66

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

26

USA

r

Testudine

Apalone spinifera spinifera

-0.09

0.11

30

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

26

USA

r

Testudine

Chelydra serpentina serpentina

-0.13

-0.07

150

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

26

USA

r

Testudine

Chrysemys picta marginata

0.16

-0.19

206

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

26

USA

r

Testudine

Trachemys scripta elegans

0.21

-0.08

55

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

27

USA

r

Testudine

Chelydra serpentina

0.04

-0.07

25

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

27

USA

r

Testudine

Chrysemys picta

0.18

0.00

25

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

28

USA

r

Testudine

Chelydra serpentina

-0.06

0.10

42

Amount

Independent

no

Abundance

28

USA

r

Testudine

Chrysemys picta

-0.06

0.20

42

Amount

Independent

no

Abundance

1

Canada

a

Anura

Bufo boreas

-0.07

0.37

9

Amount

Independent

no

Abundance

1

Canada

a

Anura

Pseudacris maculata

-0.27

0.26

15

Amount

Independent

no

Abundance

1

Canada

a

Anura

Rana sylvatica

-0.28

0.34

15

Amount

Independent

no

Abundance

29

Switzerland

a

Anura

Bufo bufo

-0.30

0.13

34

Configuration

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

29

Switzerland

a

Anura

Hyla arborea

0.27

-0.23

46

Configuration

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

29

Switzerland

a

Caudata

Ichthyosaura alpestris

0.14

-0.11

49

Configuration

Dependent

yes

Density

29

Switzerland

a

Caudata

Lissotriton vulgaris

0.27

-0.40

66

Configuration

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

29

Switzerland

a

Anura

Rana esculenta

0.28

-0.35

52

Configuration

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

29

Switzerland

a

Anura

Rana lessonae

0.30

-0.34

52

Configuration

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

29

Switzerland

a

Anura

Rana temporaria

-0.15

0.43

44

Configuration

Dependent

yes

Density

29

Switzerland

a

Caudata

Triturus cristatus

0.11

-0.26

38

Configuration

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

30

USA

a

Caudata

Ambystoma maculatum

0.11

0.21

45

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

30

USA

a

Caudata

Notophthalmus viridescens

0.19

-0.36

67

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

30

USA

a

Anura

Pseudacris crucifer

0.21

-0.24

39

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

30

USA

a

Anura

Rana catesbeiana

0.36

-0.10

29

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

30

USA

a

Anura

Rana clamitans

0.27

-0.27

39

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

30

USA

a

Anura

Rana palustris

0.21

-0.26

29

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

30

USA

a

Anura

Rana sylvatica

0.05

0.23

45

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

31

USA

a

Anura

Pseudacris regilla

0.06

-0.01

32

Configuration

Independent

no

Abundance

31

USA

a

Anura

Rana catesbeiana

0.31

0.10

28

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

31

USA

a

Anura

Rana draytonii

0.01

0.18

22

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

32

Belgium

a

Caudata

Ichthyosaura alpestris

-0.01

0.12

254

Configuration

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

32

Belgium

a

Caudata

Lissotriton vulgaris

0.08

-0.10

254

Configuration

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

33

Canada

a

Anura

Bufo americanus

-0.12

-0.25

36

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

33

Canada

a

Anura

Hyla versicolor

0.22

0.17

36

Amount

Independent

no

Abundance

33

Canada

a

Anura

Pseudacris crucifer

0.33

0.60

36

Amount

Independent

no

Abundance

33

Canada

a

Anura

Rana clamitans

0.14

0.38

36

Amount

Dependent

no

Abundance

33

Canada

a

Anura

Rana pipiens

0.06

-0.36

36

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

33

Canada

a

Anura

Rana sylvatica

0.05

0.13

36

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

34

USA

a

Caudata

Ambystoma macrodactylum

-0.06

0.26

105

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

34

USA

a

Anura

Pseudacris regilla

-0.19

-0.12

99

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

34

USA

a

Anura

Rana luteiventris

-0.16

0.06

95

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

35

USA

a

Caudata

Ambystoma laterale

0.04

0.37

89

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

35

USA

a

Caudata

Ambystoma maculatum

-0.08

0.42

89

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

35

USA

a

Anura

Bufo americanus

0.22

-0.27

89

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

35

USA

a

Caudata

Notophthalmus viridescens

-0.11

0.25

89

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

35

USA

a

Anura

Rana clamitans

0.11

0.21

89

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

35

USA

a

Anura

Rana pipiens

0.18

-0.30

89

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

35

USA

a

Anura

Rana septentrionalis

0.17

0.18

89

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

35

USA

a

Anura

Rana sylvatica

-0.13

0.26

89

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

36

Sweden

a

Caudata

Triturus cristatus

0.11

0.01

134

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

37

Australia

a

Anura

Crinia signifera

0.11

0.67

44

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

37

Australia

a

Anura

Limnodynastes dumerilii

0.13

0.76

36

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

37

Australia

a

Anura

Limnodynastes peronii

0.29

-0.10

36

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

37

Australia

a

Anura

Litoria ewingii/verreauxii

-0.02

0.27

36

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

37

Australia

a

Anura

Paracrinia haswelli

0.10

0.45

44

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

38

Romania

a

Anura

Bombina variegata

0.11

-0.11

54

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

38

Romania

a

Anura

Bufo bufo

0.16

0.24

54

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

38

Romania

a

Anura

Hyla arborea

-0.05

0.07

54

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

38

Romania

a

Caudata

Lissotriton vulgaris

-0.22

0.10

54

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

38

Romania

a

Anura

Pelobates fuscus

-0.04

-0.09

54

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

38

Romania

a

Anura

Rana dalmatina

-0.12

0.04

54

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

38

Romania

a

Anura

Rana esculenta

0.12

-0.14

54

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

38

Romania

a

Anura

Rana temporaria

-0.27

0.49

54

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

38

Romania

a

Caudata

Triturus cristatus

-0.24

0.14

54

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

39

Australia

a

Anura

Litoria raniformis

0.54

0.10

107

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

40

Canada

a

Anura

Bufo americanus

0.24

-0.20

34

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

40

Canada

a

Anura

Hyla versicolor

-0.09

0.16

34

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

40

Canada

a

Caudata

Notophthalmus viridescens

-0.10

0.17

34

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

40

Canada

a

Anura

Pseudacris crucifer

-0.21

0.48

34

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

40

Canada

a

Anura

Pseudacris triseriata

-0.06

-0.12

34

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

40

Canada

a

Anura

Rana clamitans

0.02

0.10

34

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

40

Canada

a

Anura

Rana pipiens

-0.17

0.24

34

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

40

Canada

a

Anura

Rana sylvatica

-0.13

0.32

34

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

41

USA

a

Caudata

Ambystoma maculatum

0.07

0.44

62

Amount

Unknown

no

Occurrence

41

USA

a

Anura

Rana sylvatica

-0.11

0.38

62

Amount

Unknown

no

Occurrence

42

Canada

a

Caudata

Ambystoma laterale

0.11

0.13

46

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

42

Canada

a

Caudata

Ambystoma maculatum

0.32

0.32

46

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

42

Canada

a

Anura

Bufo americanus

0.09

-0.13

46

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

42

Canada

a

Anura

Hyla versicolor

0.35

0.40

46

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

42

Canada

a

Caudata

Notophthalmus viridescens

0.16

0.16

46

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

42

Canada

a

Anura

Pseudacris crucifer

0.12

0.35

46

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

42

Canada

a

Anura

Pseudacris triseriata

0.25

0.18

46

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

42

Canada

a

Anura

Rana catesbeiana

0.16

-0.43

46

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

42

Canada

a

Anura

Rana clamitans

0.13

0.23

46

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

42

Canada

a

Anura

Rana pipiens

0.19

-0.25

46

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

42

Canada

a

Anura

Rana septentrionalis

0.50

0.42

46

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

42

Canada

a

Anura

Rana sylvatica

0.26

0.50

46

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

43

Canada

a

Caudata

Ambystoma laterale/A. maculatum

-0.28

0.26

34

Amount

Dependent

no

Abundance

43

Canada

a

Anura

Bufo americanus

0.18

-0.18

34

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

43

Canada

a

Caudata

Notophthalmus viridescens

0.47

0.18

34

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

43

Canada

a

Anura

Pseudacris crucifer

-0.23

0.51

34

Amount

Independent

no

Abundance

43

Canada

a

Anura

Rana catesbeiana

-0.39

0.33

34

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

43

Canada

a

Anura

Rana clamitans

0.23

-0.18

34

Amount

Dependent

no

Abundance

43

Canada

a

Anura

Rana palustris

0.33

0.27

34

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

43

Canada

a

Anura

Rana septentrionalis

0.46

-0.25

34

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

43

Canada

a

Anura

Rana sylvatica

-0.25

0.44

34

Amount

Dependent

no

Abundance

44

USA

a

Anura

Rana pipiens

-0.06

-0.16

31

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

45

France

a

Caudata

Ichthyosaura alpestris

0.13

0.50

79

Configuration

Independent

yes

Abundance

45

France

a

Caudata

Lissotriton helveticus

0.24

0.31

79

Configuration

Independent

yes

Abundance

45

France

a

Caudata

Triturus cristatus

0.30

0.16

79

Configuration

Independent

yes

Abundance

46

USA

a

Caudata

Ambystoma tigrinum

-0.24

-0.30

39

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

46

USA

a

Anura

Bufo americanus

-0.13

0.25

27

Amount

Independent

yes

Abundance

46

USA

a

Anura

Hyla versicolor

-0.31

0.15

35

Amount

Independent

yes

Abundance

46

USA

a

Anura

Pseudacris crucifer

-0.18

-0.18

37

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

46

USA

a

Anura

Pseudacris triseriata

-0.16

-0.17

39

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

46

USA

a

Anura

Rana clamitans

0.08

0.12

39

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

46

USA

a

Anura

Rana palustris

-0.15

-0.27

22

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

46

USA

a

Anura

Rana pipiens

0.19

-0.06

22

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

47

USA

a

Caudata

Ambystoma tigrinum

-0.42

-0.31

26

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

47

USA

a

Anura

Bufo americanus

-0.26

-0.29

26

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

47

USA

a

Anura

Bufo cognatus

-0.38

-0.19

26

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

47

USA

a

Anura

Hyla versicolor/chrysoscelis

0.26

0.73

21

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

47

USA

a

Anura

Pseudacris triseriata

0.51

0.18

26

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

47

USA

a

Anura

Rana pipiens

0.21

0.08

26

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

47

USA

a

Anura

Rana sylvatica

0.29

0.62

26

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

48

Canada

a

Anura

Rana clamitans

0.13

-0.20

21

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

49

USA

a

Anura

Bufo fowleri

-0.06

0.18

22

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

49

USA

a

Anura

Hyla versicolor

-0.08

0.27

22

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

49

USA

a

Anura

Pseudacris crucifer

0.33

0.50

22

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

49

USA

a

Anura

Rana catesbeiana

0.14

0.30

22

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

50

USA

a

Anura

Rana virgatipes

0.33

0.69

38

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

51

Switzerland

a

Anura

Hyla arborea

0.20

-0.15

68

Configuration

Independent

no

Occurrence

52

USA

a

Anura

Acris crepitans

0.13

0.14

61

Amount

Independent

no

Abundance

52

USA

a

Anura

Bufo americanus

-0.11

-0.06

61

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

52

USA

a

Anura

Hyla chrysoscelis

0.05

-0.09

61

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

52

USA

a

Anura

Hyla versicolor

0.12

0.27

61

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

52

USA

a

Anura

Pseudacris triseriata

0.06

-0.14

61

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

52

USA

a

Anura

Rana catesbeiana

-0.07

-0.13

61

Amount

Independent

no

Abundance

52

USA

a

Anura

Rana pipiens

-0.05

0.19

61

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

53

Romania

a

Anura

Bombina variegata

-0.02

0.20

51

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

53

Romania

a

Anura

Bufo bufo

-0.07

-0.15

26

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

53

Romania

a

Anura

Hyla arborea

0.18

-0.01

45

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

53

Romania

a

Caudata

Lissotriton vulgaris

0.54

0.32

53

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

53

Romania

a

Anura

Rana dalmatina

0.22

-0.04

51

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

53

Romania

a

Anura

Rana esculenta

0.21

-0.18

51

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

53

Romania

a

Anura

Rana temporaria

0.13

0.37

44

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

53

Romania

a

Caudata

Salamandra salamandra

0.56

0.27

53

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

53

Romania

a

Caudata

Triturus cristatus

0.35

0.14

52

Amount

Dependent

yes

Occurrence

54

Switzerland

a

Anura

Bufo bufo

-0.32

0.52

61

Configuration

Unknown

yes

Occurrence

54

Switzerland

a

Anura

Bufo calamita

0.24

0.22

61

Configuration

Unknown

yes

Occurrence

54

Switzerland

a

Caudata

Ichthyosaura alpestris

0.14

0.38

91

Configuration

Unknown

yes

Occurrence

55

USA

a

Caudata

Ambystoma maculatum/A. jeffersonianum

0.44

0.54

34

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

55

USA

a

Anura

Bufo americanus/B. woodhouseii fowleri

-0.07

0.13

27

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

55

USA

a

Anura

Hyla versicolor

-0.14

0.00

27

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

55

USA

a

Caudata

Notophthalmus viridescens

-0.01

0.40

34

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

55

USA

a

Anura

Pseudacris crucifer

0.00

0.12

34

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

55

USA

a

Anura

Rana catesbeiana

0.05

-0.18

27

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

55

USA

a

Anura

Rana clamitans

-0.13

0.04

34

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

55

USA

a

Anura

Rana palustris

-0.38

-0.10

27

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

55

USA

a

Anura

Rana sylvatica

0.37

0.55

34

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

56

USA

a

Anura

Rana pipiens

0.22

-0.09

73

Amount

Independent

no

Occurrence

57

USA

a

Anura

Acris crepitans

0.12

0.10

49

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

57

USA

a

Caudata

Ambystoma texanum

0.17

-0.10

49

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

57

USA

a

Anura

Bufo americanus

-0.34

-0.22

40

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

57

USA

a

Anura

Hyla versicolor/H. chrysoscelis

0.23

0.43

45

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

57

USA

a

Anura

Pseudacris crucifer

0.02

0.37

45

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

57

USA

a

Anura

Pseudacris maculata

-0.09

-0.23

45

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

57

USA

a

Anura

Rana blairi/R. sphenocephalus

0.02

-0.05

38

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

57

USA

a

Anura

Rana catesbeiana

0.27

0.15

44

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

57

USA

a

Anura

Rana clamitans

0.03

-0.05

48

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Dendropsophus elianeae

-0.14

0.20

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Dendropsophus minutus

-0.25

0.29

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Abundance

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Dendropsophus nanus

-0.06

0.42

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Abundance

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Dermatonotus muelleri

-0.24

-0.12

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Elachistocleis bicolor

0.14

0.21

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Abundance

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Eupemphix nattereri

0.15

-0.43

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Hypsiboas albopunctatus

0.00

0.41

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Hypsiboas raniceps

0.23

0.43

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Leptodactylus chaquensis

-0.10

0.32

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Leptodactylus fuscus

-0.27

0.58

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Abundance

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Leptodactylus labyrinthicus

-0.08

0.31

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Leptodactylus latrans

0.27

0.22

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Leptodactylus mystacinus

-0.67

0.25

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Leptodactylus podicipinus

-0.18

0.49

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Physalaemus centralis

-0.16

0.29

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Physalaemus cuvieri

-0.21

0.33

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Abundance

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Pseudis platensis

-0.14

0.23

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Pseudopaludicola falcipes

0.29

0.29

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Rhinella schneideri

0.11

0.38

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Scinax fuscomarginatus

0.21

0.36

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Scinax fuscovarius

-0.59

0.23

17

Configuration

Dependent

no

Abundance

58

Brazil

a

Anura

Scinax similis

-0.21

0.16

6

Configuration

Dependent

no

Occurrence

59

USA

a

Anura

Acris crepitans

0.47

0.82

19

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

59

USA

a

Anura

Bufo americanus

-0.26

0.65

17

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

59

USA

a

Anura

Bufo fowleri

-0.25

-0.44

19

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

59

USA

a

Anura

Hyla versicolor/H. chrysoscelis

0.37

0.56

17

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

59

USA

a

Caudata

Notophthalmus viridescens

0.14

0.46

17

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

59

USA

a

Anura

Pseudacris crucifer

-0.28

0.36

17

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

59

USA

a

Anura

Rana catesbeiana

-0.20

0.38

17

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

59

USA

a

Anura

Rana clamitans

0.11

0.28

17

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

59

USA

a

Anura

Rana palustris

0.20

0.46

12

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

59

USA

a

Anura

Rana sylvatica

0.57

0.67

18

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

59

USA

a

Anura

Rana utricularia

0.35

0.51

12

Amount

Dependent

no

Occurrence

60

USA

a

Caudata

Ambystoma maculatum

0.05

0.27

55

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

60

USA

a

Anura

Rana sylvatica

0.05

0.31

55

Amount

Dependent

yes

Abundance

61

Australia

a

Anura

Crinia parinsignifera

-0.05

0.36

30

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

61

Australia

a

Anura

Crinia signifera

-0.12

0.47

30

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

61

Australia

a

Anura

Limnodynastes dumerilii

-0.22

0.49

30

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

61

Australia

a

Anura

Limnodynastes peronii

-0.13

-0.26

30

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

61

Australia

a

Anura

Limnodynastes tasmaniensis

-0.28

0.10

30

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

61

Australia

a

Anura

Litoria ewingii/L. paraewingi

0.29

0.04

30

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

61

Australia

a

Anura

Litoria peronii

-0.10

0.32

30

Amount

Independent

yes

Occurrence

62

USA

a

Caudata

Ambystoma maculatum

0.19

0.13

49

Amount

Dependent

no

Abundance

62

USA

a

Anura

Rana sylvatica

-0.10

0.08

49

Amount

Dependent

no

Abundance

63

Switzerland

a

Anura

Bombina variegata

-0.07

-0.09

480

Amount

Unknown

yes

Occurrence

63

Switzerland

a

Anura

Bufo bufo

0.07

0.10

107

Amount

Unknown

yes

Occurrence

63

Switzerland

a

Anura

Bufo calamita

-0.11

-0.23

247

Amount

Unknown

yes

Occurrence

63

Switzerland

a

Anura

Hyla arborea

0.22

-0.12

315

Amount

Unknown

yes

Occurrence

63

Switzerland

a

Caudata

Ichthyosaura alpestris

-0.07

0.15

414

Amount

Unknown

yes

Occurrence

63

Switzerland

a

Caudata

Lissotriton helveticus

-0.03

-0.12

469

Amount

Unknown

yes

Occurrence

63

Switzerland

a

Caudata

Lissotriton vulgaris

0.12

0.13

615

Amount

Unknown

yes

Occurrence

63

Switzerland

a

Anura

Rana dalmatina

0.14

0.20

520

Amount

Unknown

yes

Occurrence

63

Switzerland

a

Anura

Rana ridibunda

0.06

-0.39

423

Amount

Unknown

yes

Occurrence

63

Switzerland

a

Anura

Rana temporaria

0.10

0.15

296

Amount

Unknown

yes

Occurrence

* Studies cited below. Studies conducted in the same study area by the same researchers are identified as one study in the meta-analysis.

+Taxa: m = mammal, b = bird, r = reptile, a = amphibian

 

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