Sigrid D. P. Smith, Peter B. McIntyre, Benjamin S. Halpern, Roger M. Cooke, Adrienne L. Marino, Gregory L. Boyer, Andy Buchsbaum, G. A. Burton Jr., Linda M. Campbell, Jan J. H. Ciborowski, Patrick J. Doran,11 Dana M. Infante,12 Lucinda B. Johnson, Jennifer G. Read, Joan B. Rose, Edward S. Rutherford, Alan D. Steinman, and J. David Allan. 2015. Rating impacts in a multi-stressor world: a quantitative assessment of 50 stressors affecting the Great Lakes. Ecological Applications 25:717728. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/14-0366.1


Supplement

The relative potential impact of 50 stressors in 30 habitats in the Laurentian Great Lakes based on expert elicitation.
Ecological Archives A025-041-S1.

Copyright


Authors
File list (downloads)
Description


Author(s)

Sigrid D. P. Smith
School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
E-mail: sdpsmith@umich.edu

Peter B. McIntyre
Center for Limnology, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706 USA

Benjamin S. Halpern
1: Bren School of Environmental Science and Management, University of California
Santa Barbara, CA 93106 USA
2: Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus, Buckhurst Road
Ascot SL57PY UK
3: National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, 735 State St. Suite 300
Santa Barbara, CA, 93101 USA

Roger M. Cooke
Resources for the Future
Washington, DC 20036 USA

Adrienne L. Marino
School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
Present address: University of Michigan Water Center, Graham Sustainability Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA

Gregory L. Boyer
Great Lakes Research Consortium and College of Environmental Science and Forestry, State University of New York
Syracuse, NY 13210 USA

Andy Buchsbaum
Great Lakes Regional Center, National Wildlife Federation
Ann Arbor, MI 48104 USA

G. A. Burton Jr.
School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48019 USA

Linda M. Campbell
School of Environmental Studies and Department of Biology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 3N6 Canada
Present address: Environmental Science Program, St. Mary's University, Halifax, NS B3H-3C3 Canada

Jan J. H. Ciborowski
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Windsor
Windsor, ON N9B-3P4 Canada

Patrick J. Doran
The Nature Conservancy Great Lakes Project
Lansing, MI 48906 USA

Dana M. Infante
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University
East Lansing, MI 48824 USA

Lucinda B. Johnson
Natural Resources Research Institute, University of Minnesota
Duluth, MN 55881 USA

Jennifer G. Read
School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA
Present address: University of Michigan Water Center, Graham Sustainability Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA

Joan B. Rose
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Michigan State University
East Lansing, MI 48824 USA

Edward S. Rutherford
NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Lab
Ann Arbor, MI 48015 USA

Alan D. Steinman
Annis Water Resources Institute, Grand Valley State University
Muskegon, MI 49441 USA

J. David Allan
School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA


File list

gleam_survey_ms_supp1_score_matrix.csv (MD5: fa3b7c9cbf4efb2dd00d27b78e65a138)     Impact ratings (50 stressors x 30 habitats)

Description

This file contains the potential impact of each of 50 environmental stressors on ecosystem condition in the Laurentian Great Lakes. Data were derived from two parts of an online survey completed by scientific researchers, natural resource managers, and non-governmental organization representatives. In one part (Part III of the survey; Appendix A), respondents ranked 20 hypothetical scenarios to derive weights for 5 components of ecosystem impact (spatial extent, temporal frequency, ecological scope, magnitude of change, and recovery time). In the other part (Part IV; Appendix A), respondents rated the 5 components for each stressor in their chosen focal lake(s) and ecosystem zone(s). A weighted sum was used to derive these 0 (no impact) - 5 (highest impact)range relative ratings.

In the data file, columns are environmental stressors (2 capital letters for category, and 3–4 lower case letters for stressor name); rows are habitats (lake–zone combinations). Abbreviations for lakes, zones, and stressors follow.

Lake-zone abbr

Lake

Zone

ls_zwr

Superior

wetlands and rivermouths

ls_zlh

Superior

littoral, hard substrate

ls_zls

Superior

littoral, soft substrate

ls_zsh

Superior

sublittoral, hard substrate

ls_zss

Superior

sublittoral, soft substrate

ls_zo

Superior

offshore

lm_zwr

Michigan

wetlands and rivermouths

lm_zlh

Michigan

littoral, hard substrate

lm_zls

Michigan

littoral, soft substrate

lm_zsh

Michigan

sublittoral, hard substrate

lm_zss

Michigan

sublittoral, soft substrate

lm_zo

Michigan

offshore

lh_zwr

Huron

wetlands and rivermouths

lh_zlh

Huron

littoral, hard substrate

lh_zls

Huron

littoral, soft substrate

lh_zsh

Huron

sublittoral, hard substrate

lh_zss

Huron

sublittoral, soft substrate

lh_zo

Huron

offshore

le_zwr

Erie

wetlands and rivermouths

le_zlh

Erie

littoral, hard substrate

le_zls

Erie

littoral, soft substrate

le_zsh

Erie

sublittoral, hard substrate

le_zss

Erie

sublittoral, soft substrate

le_zo

Erie

offshore

lo_zwr

Ontario

wetlands and rivermouths

lo_zlh

Ontario

littoral, hard substrate

lo_zls

Ontario

littoral, soft substrate

lo_zsh

Ontario

sublittoral, hard substrate

lo_zss

Ontario

sublittoral, soft substrate

lo_zo

Ontario

offshore

Stressor abbr

Stressor category

Stressor name

AQchan

aquatic habitat alterations

channel dredging

AQhyp

aquatic habitat alterations

hypoxia

AQport

aquatic habitat alterations

industrial ports and harbors

AQlite

aquatic habitat alterations

light pollution

AQboat

aquatic habitat alterations

marinas and recreational boating

AQship

aquatic habitat alterations

shipping lanes

AQext

aquatic habitat alterations

shoreline extensions

AQhard

aquatic habitat alterations

shoreline hardening

AQsubm

aquatic habitat alterations

submerged cables and pipelines

AQdflo

aquatic habitat alterations

tributary dams (altered flow, sediment retention)

AQdfis

aquatic habitat alterations

tributary dams (barriers to fish passage)

CCwatl

climate change

changing water levels

CCice

climate change

decreasing ice cover

CCtemp

climate change

warming water temperatures

CDdev

coastal development

coastal development (residential and commercial)

CDmine

coastal development

coastal mining

CDpowr

coastal development

coastal power plants

CDrec

coastal development

coastal recreational use

CDroad

coastal development

coastal road density

FIcult

fisheries management

aquaculture

FIcomm

fisheries management

commercial fishing

FIdip

fisheries management

Diporeia decline

FInats

fisheries management

native fish stocking

FInns

fisheries management

non-native fish stocking

FIrchr

fisheries management

recreational fishing - charter

FIrnch

fisheries management

recreational fishing - non-charter

INblst

invasive and nuisance species

ballast water invasion risk

INfdis

invasive and nuisance species

emerging fish diseases

INhab

invasive and nuisance species

harmful algal blooms

INsubp

invasive and nuisance species

invasive underwater plants

INplkt

invasive and nuisance species

invasive planktonic species

INfish

invasive and nuisance species

invasive fish

INlamp

invasive and nuisance species

invasive sea lamprey

INwetp

invasive and nuisance species

invasive wetland plants

INmus

invasive and nuisance species

invasive zebra and quagga mussels

INbalg

invasive and nuisance species

nuisance benthic algal blooms

NPcso

nonpoint source pollution

combined sewer overflows

NPnlod

nonpoint source pollution

nitrogen loading

NPphar

nonpoint source pollution

pharmaceutical loading

NPplod

nonpoint source pollution

phosphorus loading

NPsed

nonpoint source pollution

sediment loading

TXaoc

toxic chemical pollution

areas of concern

TXemer

toxic chemical pollution

emerging toxic chemicals

TXmetb

toxic chemical pollution

toxic metals - biomagnifying (mercury)

TXmetn

toxic chemical pollution

toxic metals - non-biomagnifying (copper)

TXorgb

toxic chemical pollution

toxic organic chemicals - biomagnifying (PCBs)

TXorgn

toxic chemical pollution

toxic organic chemicals - non-biomagnifying (PAHs)

TXpest

toxic chemical pollution

toxic pesticides

WDlake

water withdrawals and diversions

water withdrawals and diversions (Great Lakes)

WDinld

water withdrawals and diversions

water withdrawals and diversions (inland and groundwater)