Heidi Liere, Tania N. Kim, Benjamin P. Werling, Timothy D. Meehan, Douglas A. Landis, and Claudio Gratton. 2015. Trophic cascades in agricultural landscapes: indirect effects of landscape composition on crop yield. Ecological Applications 25:652661. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/14-0570.1


Appendices

Appendix A: Detailed sampling protocols 2011 and 2012.
Ecological Archives A025-035-A1.

Appendix B: Maps of experimental soybean fields in Wisconsin and Michigan.
Ecological Archives A025-035-A2.

Appendix C: Figure showing the temporal variation of soybean aphids and natural enemies in 2011 and 2012.
Ecological Archives A025-035-A3.

Appendix D: Figure of the landscape gradients of our experimental soybean sites in 2011 and 2012.
Ecological Archives A025-035-A4.

Appendix E: Figure of the yearly variation in natural enemy abundances and soybean yield gain.
Ecological Archives A025-035-A5.

Appendix F: Table with the bootstrapped standardized and unstandardized path coefficients for the SEM models.
Ecological Archives A025-035-A6.

Appendix G: Figure showing the nonlinear relationship between habitat diversity and proportion soybean in the landscape.
Ecological Archives A025-035-A7.

Appendix H: Figure showing the nonlinear relationship between aphid abundance and soybean yield in 2011 and 2012.
Ecological Archives A025-035-A8.

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