Ecological Archives A025-025-A4

Jelle P. Hilbers, Frank van Langevelde, Herbert H. T. Prins, C. C. Grant, Mike J. S. Peel, Michael B. Coughenour, Henrik J. de Knegt, Rob Slowtow, Izak P. J. Smit, Greg A. Kiker, and Willem F. de Boer. 2015. Modeling elephant-mediated cascading effects of water point closure. Ecological Applications 25:402415. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/14-0322.1

Appendix D. Results of simulations with and without buffalo, and with only wildebeest.

Simulations with and without buffalo

FigD1

Fig. D1. The difference in grass biomass, and average elephant and grazer densities per grid cell between simulations with (Yes) and without (No) buffalo divided by simulations with buffalo at a distance of 0–5 km, 5–10 km, 10–20 km, 20–40 km and 40–60 km from a perennial river.


 

FigD2

Fig. D2. The difference in average wildebeest densities per grid cell between simulations with only wildebeest (No) and with all animals species present (Yes) divided by simulations with all animal species present at a distance of 0–5 km, 5–10 km, 10–20 km, 20–40 km and 40–60 km from a perennial river.


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