Ecological Archives A017-093-A3

Irene Tetreault and Richard F. Ambrose. 2007. Temperate marine reserves enhance targeted but not untargeted fishes in multiple no-take MPAs. Ecological Applications 17:2251–2267.

Appendix C. Fish population parameters, all species.

TABLE C1. Fish population parameters, all species: (1) mean density; (2) mean size; (3) mean biomass; (4) mean fecundity. Densities and sizes were estimated; biomass and fecundity were calculated from densities and sizes. Data include means, standard errors, and number of replicates by site and reserve status. Standard errors reflect within-group means, not SEM of the analyses. Harvestable sizes are ≥30 cm TL.

1. Fish densities (no. fish/100 m3, all sizes and harvestable sizes)

SPECIES

SITE

INSIDE RESERVE

OUTSIDE RESERVE

 

 

Mean

SE

No. replicates, n

Mean

SE

No. replicates, n

Chromis punctipinnis

Catalina

28.889

6.116

17

33.056

8.424

16

  blacksmith

La Jolla

0

0

16

1.042

1.042

16

  incidental-harvested

Laguna

6.285

2.216

16

10.222

3.807

15

  all sizes

Natural Area

15.312

3.239

16

15.407

4.998

15

 

Pelican Closure

24.444

5.904

15

17.824

5.422

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Embiotoca jacksoni

Catalina

0

0

17

0

0

16

  black surfperch

La Jolla

0.382

0.213

16

0.278

0.143

16

  incidental-harvested

Laguna

0.069

0.047

16

0.481

0.296

15

  all sizes

Natural Area

0.139

0.080

16

0.111

0.080

15

 

Pelican Closure

0.407

0.167

15

0.231

0.144

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Girella nigricans

Catalina

0.621

0.223

17

0.486

0.214

16

  opaleye

La Jolla

0.174

0.098

16

0.104

0.056

16

  incidental-harvested

Laguna

0.069

0.047

16

0.185

0.150

15

  all sizes

Natural Area

1.285

0.649

16

0.407

0.206

15

 

Pelican Closure

1.111

0.287

15

1.250

0.681

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Halichoeres semicinctus

Catalina

3.889

0.562

17

5.347

1.025

16

  rock wrasse

La Jolla

1.111

0.427

16

1.181

0.258

16

  non-harvested

Laguna

2.535

0.701

16

2.222

0.556

15

  all sizes

Natural Area

1.215

0.366

16

0.593

0.167

15

 

Pelican Closure

0.074

0.050

15

1.111

0.368

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hypsypops rubicundus

Catalina

1.634

0.259

17

1.632

0.310

16

  garibaldi

La Jolla

0.312

0.152

16

0.799

0.190

16

  non-harvested

Laguna

2.361

0.601

16

2.074

0.546

15

  all sizes

Natural Area

1.667

0.494

16

0.481

0.187

15

 

Pelican Closure

1.000

0.417

15

0.833

0.278

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medialuna californiensis

Catalina

0.359

0.184

17

0.208

0.123

16

  halfmoon

La Jolla

0.069

0.047

16

0.590

0.554

16

  incidental-harvested

Laguna

0.069

0.047

16

0.519

0.480

15

  all sizes

Natural Area

0.174

0.084

16

0.037

0.037

15

 

Pelican Closure

0.667

0.369

15

0.093

0.062

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oxyjulis californica

Catalina

3.627

2.604

17

3.056

1.671

16

  señorita

La Jolla

2.014

1.237

16

5.799

2.277

16

  non-harvested

Laguna

0.069

0.069

16

0.704

0.345

15

  all sizes

Natural Area

1.424

1.027

16

1.370

0.511

15

 

Pelican Closure

1.333

0.583

15

5.278

2.965

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paralabrax clathratus

Catalina

9.346

1.442

17

7.292

0.963

16

  kelp bass

La Jolla

3.889

1.225

16

1.424

0.190

16

  target-harvested

Laguna

1.597

0.412

16

1.481

0.429

15

  all sizes

Natural Area

3.542

1.318

16

0.852

0.229

15

 

Pelican Closure

4.889

1.627

15

1.019

0.191

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paralabrax clathratus

Catalina

0.686

0.162

17

0.069

0.069

16

  kelp bass

La Jolla

1.076

0.384

16

0.035

0.035

16

  target-harvested

Laguna

0.139

0.108

16

0.074

0.050

15

  harvestable (≥30 cm TL)

Natural Area

0.868

0.308

16

0.074

0.050

15

 

Pelican Closure

4.074

1.586

15

0.185

0.104

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paralabrax nebulifer

Catalina

0.033

0.033

17

0

0

16

  barred sand bass

La Jolla

0.035

0.035

16

0.139

0.080

16

  target-harvested

Laguna

2.569

0.585

16

0.778

0.229

15

  all sizes

Natural Area

0

0

16

0

0

15

 

Pelican Closure

0

0

15

0

0

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paralabrax nebulifer

Catalina

0

0

17

0

0

16

  barred sand bass

La Jolla

0

0

16

0

0

16

  target-harvested

Laguna

0.694

0.275

16

0.111

0.059

15

  harvestable (≥30 cm TL)

Natural Area

0

0

16

0

0

15

 

Pelican Closure

0

0

15

0

0

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Semicossyphus pulcher

Catalina

1.732

0.412

17

0.972

0.193

16

  California sheephead

La Jolla

0.139

0.095

16

0.069

0.047

16

 fFemales only

Laguna

0.278

0.101

16

0.556

0.236

15

  target-harvested

Natural Area

0.382

0.188

16

0.185

0.070

15

  all sizes

Pelican Closure

0.667

0.255

15

0.417

0.100

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Semicossyphus pulcher

Catalina

0.327

0.083

17

0

0

16

  California sheephead

La Jolla

0.069

0.069

16

0.035

0.035

16

  females only

Laguna

0.035

0.035

16

0.037

0.037

15

  target-harvested

Natural Area

0.347

0.167

16

0

0

15

  harvestable (≥30 cm TL)

Pelican Closure

0.407

0.158

15

0.046

0.046

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Semicossyphus pulcher

Catalina

0.229

0.083

17

0

0

16

  California sheephead

La Jolla

0.035

0.035

16

0

0

16

  males only

Laguna

0

0

16

0

0

15

  target-harvested

Natural Area

0.243

0.152

16

0.037

0.037

15

  all sizes

Pelican Closure

0.111

0.059

15

0.139

0.100

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Semicossyphus pulcher

Catalina

0.196

0.066

17

0

0

16

  California sheephead

La Jolla

0.035

0.035

16

0

0

16

  males only

Laguna

0

0

16

0

0

15

  target-harvested

Natural Area

0.243

0.152

16

0.037

0.037

15

  harvestable (≥30 cm TL)

Pelican Closure

0.111

0.059

15

0.139

0.100

12

 

2. Mean fish sizes (cm TL)

SPECIES

SITE

INSIDE RESERVE

OUTSIDE RESERVE

 

 

Mean

SE

No. replicates, n

Mean

SE

No. replicates, n

Chromis punctipinnis

Catalina

3.991

4.000

17

5.426

0.599

16

  blacksmith

La Jolla

2.710

0.710

4

2.000

0

1

  incidental-harvested

Laguna

6.181

0.331

16

5.472

0.211

16

 

Natural Area

3.787

0.406

16

4.372

0.564

13

 

Pelican Closure

7.089

0.782

15

5.958

0.669

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Embiotoca jacksoni

Catalina

20.083

3.001

4

22.667

3.528

3

  black surfperch

La Jolla

15.355

2.164

8

10.667

0.924

12

  incidental-harvested

Laguna

15.000

1.000

2

12.742

0.944

10

 

Natural Area

17.243

2.258

8

17.535

2.010

7

 

Pelican Closure

24.025

1.464

9

17.720

1.387

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Girella nigricans

Catalina

22.268

1.107

16

19.953

1.062

15

  opaleye

La Jolla

25.516

2.040

11

23.398

1.465

10

  incidental-harvested

Laguna

20.857

2.721

7

18.672

3.288

5

 

Natural Area

23.811

0.834

16

20.029

0.818

13

 

Pelican Closure

26.572

1.214

15

19.044

0.900

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Halichoeres semicinctus

Catalina

11.129

0.791

17

10.883

0.804

16

  rock wrasse

La Jolla

13.225

1.138

16

11.008

1.107

16

  non-harvested

Laguna

14.441

0.790

16

12.662

0.648

16

 

Natural Area

10.292

0.706

16

8.861

0.903

13

 

Pelican Closure

14.868

1.842

8

14.499

1.228

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hypsypops rubicundus

Catalina

17.639

0.992

16

17.041

0.820

14

  garibaldi

La Jolla

17.539

1.068

8

16.517

0.603

13

  non-harvested

Laguna

17.773

0.717

16

16.513

0.540

13

 

Natural Area

17.513

0.653

16

16.366

0.493

15

 

Pelican Closure

20.107

0.667

15

15.682

0.650

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medialuna californiensis

Catalina

20.760

1.222

13

16.060

0.792

12

  halfmoon

La Jolla

15.500

1.784

6

16.459

1.226

7

  incidental-harvested

Laguna

16.600

0.872

5

14.397

2.793

4

 

Natural Area

14.152

1.535

11

16.790

1.772

7

 

Pelican Closure

20.626

1.365

13

16.457

1.268

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oxyjulis californica

Catalina

4.179

0.709

14

5.121

0.848

14

  señorita

La Jolla

4.275

0.610

13

4.677

0.603

15

  non-harvested

Laguna

6.667

0.667

3

8.937

1.003

8

 

Natural Area

7.267

0.787

15

7.276

0.394

15

 

Pelican Closure

9.527

1.193

10

9.671

1.149

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paralabrax clathratus

Catalina

14.412

0.842

17

10.922

0.700

16

  kelp bass

La Jolla

18.249

1.072

16

12.580

0.671

16

  target-harvested

Laguna

17.527

1.147

17

13.976

0.987

15

 

Natural Area

20.867

1.606

16

13.713

0.985

15

 

Pelican Closure

26.655

1.257

15

17.781

1.537

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paralabrax nebulifer

Catalina

24.000

0

1

n/a

n/a

0

  barred sand bass

La Jolla

19.500

2.500

4

14.000

1.925

8

  target-harvested

Laguna

20.959

1.250

19

15.637

0.977

13

 

Natural Area

n/a

n/a

0

n/a

n/a

0

 

Pelican Closure

n/a

n/a

0

n/a

n/a

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Semicossyphus pulcher

Catalina

19.572

1.116

17

14.879

0.586

16

  California sheephead

La Jolla

26.535

2.856

7

21.833

3.731

8

  females only

Laguna

15.419

2.200

12

14.993

1.455

12

  target-harvested

Natural Area

27.642

3.171

12

17.703

3.080

10

 

Pelican Closure

23.702

1.333

15

15.728

1.091

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Semicossyphus pulcher

Catalina

42.077

2.095

13

24.667

4.667

4

   California sheephead

La Jolla

33.688

6.312

2

34.000

5.550

5

  males only

Laguna

37.000

1.000

2

39.333

6.360

3

  target-harvested

Natural Area

40.363

2.931

7

34.667

2.716

6

 

Pelican Closure

42.767

3.280

10

33.125

0.953

8

 

3. Calculated fish biomass (g/100 m3, all sizes and harvestable sizes)

SPECIES

SITE

INSIDE RESERVE

OUTSIDE RESERVE

 

 

Mean

SE

No. replicates, n

Mean

SE

No. replicates, n

Chromis punctipinnis

Catalina

64.849

29.853

17

63.598

20.340

16

  blacksmith

La Jolla

0

0

16

0.088

0.087

16

  incidental-harvested

Laguna

25.666

9.371

16

38.985

14.773

15

  all sizes

Natural Area

37.560

15.461

16

26.029

11.767

15

 

Pelican Closure

402.168

162.481

15

46.941

31.589

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Embiotoca jacksoni

Catalina

0

0

17

0

0

16

  black surfperch

La Jolla

30.178

17.599

16

6.710

3.469

16

  incidental-harvested

Laguna

4.262

2.981

16

37.431

29.619

15

  all sizes

Natural Area

26.613

19.352

16

26.336

20.335

15

 

Pelican Closure

94.763

58.051

15

73.454

50.426

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Halichoeres semicinctus

Catalina

105.783

31.692

17

134.577

37.403

16

  rock wrasse

La Jolla

32.861

14.502

16

51.046

20.242

16

  non-harvested

Laguna

123.476

26.899

16

86.762

23.788

15

  all sizes

Natural Area

14.770

5.842

16

3.414

1.658

15

 

Pelican Closure

3.927

3.581

15

23.357

8.751

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hypsypops rubicundus

Catalina

267.028

47.538

17

258.453

65.743

16

  garibaldi

La Jolla

87.304

44.296

16

110.187

26.457

16

  non-harvested

Laguna

481.936

176.546

16

377.536

108.043

15

  all sizes

Natural Area

431.793

98.704

16

98.704

50.441

15

 

Pelican Closure

197.450

64.391

15

106.659

46.631

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medialuna californiensis

Catalina

151.649

76.401

17

21.425

12.335

16

  halfmoon

La Jolla

2.926

2.428

16

241.042

238.487

16

  incidental-harvested

Laguna

7.386

5.385

16

14.344

14.233

15

  all sizes

Natural Area

10.756

6.881

16

7.248

7.248

15

 

Pelican Closure

197.719

97.556

15

5.966

4.763

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oxyjulis californica

Catalina

1.241

0.743

17

1.076

0.570

16

  señorita

La Jolla

2.868

1.622

16

10.876

6.194

16

  non-harvested

Laguna

0.483

0.483

16

4.766

2.892

15

  all sizes

Natural Area

2.049

0.867

16

6.601

2.822

15

 

Pelican Closure

9.744

5.322

15

21.308

10.932

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paralabrax clathratus

Catalina

1053.290

328.823

17

202.881

54.332

16

  kelp bass

La Jolla

803.157

281.912

16

43.230

13.775

16

  target-harvested

Laguna

114.336

49.989

16

104.924

40.019

15

  all sizes

Natural Area

706.586

247.936

16

92.701

31.971

15

 

Pelican Closure

2470.341

832.270

15

153.827

69.757

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paralabrax clathratus

Catalina

885.757

334.387

17

24.909

24.909

16

  kelp bass

La Jolla

613.184

218.356

16

11.205

11.205

16

  target-harvested

Laguna

47.320

37.093

16

23.904

16.288

15

  harvestable (≥30 cm TL)

Natural Area

638.956

238.047

16

29.613

20.606

15

 

Pelican Closure

2392.797

838.444

15

104.355

65.931

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paralabrax nebulifer

Catalina

5.742

5.742

17

0

0

16

  barred sand bass

La Jolla

7.580

7.580

16

13.646

9.042

16

  target-harvested

Laguna

525.679

163.025

16

99.490

43.079

15

  all sizes

Natural Area

0

0

16

0

0

15

 

Pelican Closure

0

0

15

0

0

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paralabrax nebulifer

Catalina

0

0

17

0

0

16

  barred sand bass

La Jolla

0

0

16

0

0

16

  target-harvested

Laguna

394.674

157.304

16

48.197

26.373

15

  harvestable (≥30 cm TL)

Natural Area

0

0

16

0

0

15

 

Pelican Closure

0

0

15

0

0

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Semicossyphus pulcher

Catalina

316.831

63.622

17

72.286

20.364

16

  California sheephead

La Jolla

38.803

32.645

16

48.623

47.336

16

  females only

Laguna

30.057

19.131

16

55.890

31.015

15

  target-harvested

Natural Area

249.790

105.230

16

19.506

13.651

15

  all sizes

Pelican Closure

337.239

137.965

15

43.650

20.003

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Semicossyphus pulcher

Catalina

188.236

53.952

17

0

0

16

  California sheephead

La Jolla

32.447

32.447

16

47.402

47.402

16

  females only

Laguna

17.645

17.645

16

25.939

25.939

15

  target-harvested

Natural Area

244.883

103.657

16

0

0

15

  harvestable (≥30 cm TL)

Pelican Closure

307.954

132.312

15

19.736

19.736

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Semicossyphus pulcher

Catalina

231.482

90.226

17

0

0

16

  California sheephead

La Jolla

14.802

14.802

16

0

0

16

  males only

Laguna

0

0

16

0

0

15

  target-harvested

Natural Area

214.875

134.129

16

50.562

50.562

15

  all sizes

Pelican Closure

200.538

138.138

15

71.895

48.750

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Semicossyphus pulcher

Catalina

223.895

85.982

17

0

0

16

  California sheephead

La Jolla

14.802

14.802

16

0

0

16

  males only

Laguna

0

0

16

0

0

15

  target-harvested

Natural Area

214.875

134.129

16

50.562

50.562

15

  harvestable (≥30 cm TL)

Pelican Closure

200.538

138.138

15

71.895

48.750

12

4. Calculated fish fecundity (eggs/100 m3)

SPECIES

SITE

INSIDE RESERVE

OUTSIDE RESERVE

 

 

Mean

SE

No. replicates, n

Mean

SE

No. replicates, n

Halichoeres semicinctus

Catalina

28475

17236

17

10539

10539

16

  rock wrasse

La Jolla

0

0

16

9827

6713

16

  non-harvested

Laguna

37871

15821

16

0

0

15

 

Natural Area

0

0

16

0

0

15

 

Pelican Closure

0

0

15

0

0

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hypsypops rubicundus

Catalina

82322

24420

17

77759

28975

16

  garibaldi

La Jolla

37168

21530

16

27218

11194

16

  non-harvested

Laguna

170974

80677

16

118605

40804

15

 

Natural Area

174015

87498

16

37060

25137

15

 

Pelican Closure

73583

18338

15

18565

10202

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paralabrax clathratus

Catalina

1603

533

17

127

72

16

  kelp bass

La Jolla

1307

494

16

34

24

16

  target-harvested

Laguna

125

94

16

99

52

15

 

Natural Area

1148

418

16

128

54

15

 

Pelican Closure

4355

1482

15

245

115

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paralabrax nebulifer

Catalina

10

10

17

0

0

16

  barred sand bass

La Jolla

13

13

16

13

13

16

  target-harvested

Laguna

826

300

16

138

71

15

 

Natural Area

0

0

16

0

0

15

 

Pelican Closure

0

0

15

0

0

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Semicossyphus pulcher

Catalina

242825

69598

17

0

0

16

  California sheephead

La Jolla

41857

41857

16

61149

61149

16

  target-harvested

Laguna

22763

22763

16

33461

33461

15

 

Natural Area

315899

133717

16

0

0

15

 

Pelican Closure

397260

170682

15

25459

25459

12



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