Ecological Archives A015-043-A3

Penn Lloyd, Thomas E. Martin, Roland L. Redmond, Ute Langner, and Melissa M. Hart. 2006. Linking demographic effects of habitat fragmentation across landscapes to continental source–sink dynamics. Ecological Applications 15:1504–1514.

Appendix C (Table C1). Demographic data used to calculate annual fecundity for the 22 species for which we had nesting success data, including mean number of fledged young per successful nest, from samples of ≥5 nests for each of ≥5 sites. See Notes at end of table for information on species.

Species

Broods/
Season1

Laying
L
(days)2

Nesting
period
(days)

Renest
failed rf
(days)

Renest
fledged rs
(days)

ACFL

2

58

301-6

84

104

AMRE

1

44

231

57

N/a

AMRO

2

69

291, 2,8

61

79

BAWW

1

65

2610

57

N/a

BHGR

1

44

262,10

61

N/a

CHSP

2

57

251,2,11-14

515

91

DEJU

2

71

262

41

71

EAWP

1

42

302

81

N/a

GRCA

2

62

271,2,16-17

518

916-17,19

HOWA

2

62

231,2,5,20-22

61

1120

INBU

2

51

241,2,5,23

51

1524

KEWA

2

45

241,2,5

51,17

101

NOCA

2

73

241,2,25-26

618

171,25

OVEN

1

52

242,5,27

527

N/a

RBGR

1

46

262,20

61

N/a

REVI

2

47

261,2,5,28-29

618

101

SCTA

1

45

251,5,16

51

N/a

SOVI

2

66

311, 2,29

729

11.529

VEER

2

57

242

730

1530

WAVI

2

49

302

81

11.531

WETA

1

45

272

532

N/a

WEWA

1

43

261,2,5,29

51

N/a

WEWP

1

37

321, 2

81

N/a

WOTH

2

68

271,2,5,29,33

742

151,33-34

   Notes: Species: ACFL, Acadian Flycatcher (Empidonax virescens); AMRE, American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla); AMRO, American Robin (Turdus migratorius); BAWW, Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia); BHGR, Black-headed Grosbeak (Pheucticus melanocephalus); CHSP, Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina); DEJU, Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis); EAWP, Eastern Wood-pewee (Contopus virens); GRCA, Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis); HOWA, Hooded Warbler (Wilsonia citrina); INBU, Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea); KEWA, Kentucky Warbler (Oporornis formosus); NOCA, Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis); OVEN, Ovenbird (Seiurus auroccapilla); RBGR, Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus); REVI, Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus); SCTA, Scarlet Tanager (Piranga olivacea); SOVI, Solitary Vireo complex (V. cassinii, V. plumbeus, and V. solitarius); VEER, Veery (Catharus fuscescens); WAVI, Warbling Vireo (V. gilvus); WETA, Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana); WEWA, Worm-eating Warbler (Helmitheros vermivorus); WEWP, Western Wood-pewee (Contopus sordidulus); WOTH, Wood Thrush (Hylocichla mustelina).

 

SOURCES

1 Poole, A. and F. Gill. Editors. The Birds of North America. Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, and American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, D.C., USA.

2 BBIRD data.

3 Walkinshaw, L. H. (1961) Auk 78, 266–268.

4 Walkinshaw, L. H. 1966. Bird Banding 37:227–257.

5 Li, P. 1994. Thesis. University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA.

6 Wilson, R. R., and R. J. Cooper. 1998. Wilson Bulletin 110:226–232.

7 Assumed equal to OVEN.

8 Clark, M. E., and T. E. Martin, unpublished.

9 Howell, J. C. 1942. American Midland Naturalist 28:529–603.

10 Martin, T. E. 1995. Ecological Monographs 65:101–127.

11 Walkinshaw, L. H. 1944. Wilson Bulletin 56:193–205.

12 Walkinshaw, L. H. 1952. Bird Banding 23:101–108.

13 Stull, W. D. 1968. Pages 1166–1184 in O. L. Austin, Jr., Editor. Life Histories of North American Cardinals, Grosbeaks, Buntings, Towhees, Finches, Sparrows and Allies. United States National Museums Bulletin, no. 237.

14 Reynolds, J. D., and R. W. Knapton. 1984. Wilson Bulletin 96:488–493.

15 Middleton, A. L. A., and D. R. C. Prescott. 1989. Canadian Field Naturalist 103:61–64.

16 Zimmerman, J. L. 1963. Jack-Pine Warbler 41:142–160.

17 Johnson, E. J., and L. B. Best. 1980. Iowa State J. Res. 55:171–183.

18 Scott, D. M., R. E. Lemon, and J. A. Darley. 1987. Wilson Bulletin 99:708–712.

19 Scott, D. M., J. A. Darley, and A. V. Newsome. 1988. Journal of Field Ornithology 59:355–360.

20 Evans Ogden, L. J., and B. J. M. Stutchbury. 1997. Canadian Journal of Zoology 75:576–581.

21 Bisson, I. A., and B. J. M. Stutchbury. 2000. Canadian Journal of Zoology 78:858–863.

22 Moorman, C. E., D. C. Guynn, Jr., and J. C. Kilgo. 2002. Condor 104:366–377.

23 Dearborn, D. C. 1999. Auk 116:448–457.

24 Westneat, D. F. (1988) Auk 105, 372–378;

25 Kinser, G. W. 1973. Thesis. University of Indiana, Bloomington, Indiana, USA.

26 Scott, D. M., and R. E. Lemon. 1996. Condor 98:259–271.

27 Hann, H. W. 1937. Wilson Bulletin 49:145–237.

28 Lawrence, L. K. 1953. Canadian Field Naturalist 67:47–77.

29 Dececco, J. A., M. R. Marshall, A. B. Williams, and R. J. Cooper. 2000. Condor 102:653–663.

30 Assumed equal to WOTH.

31 Assumed equal to SOVI.

32 Assumed equal to SCTA.

33 Brackbill, H. 1958. Wilson Bulletin 70:70-89.

34 Friesen, L. E., V. E. Wyatt, M. D. Cadman, R. J. Mackay, E. D. Cheskey, M. L. Allen, and D. Ramsey. 2000. Wilson Bulletin 112:505–509.



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