Ecological Archives A014-005-A5

Scott D. Wilson, Jonathan D. Bakker, Janice M. Christian, Xingdong Li, Laura G. Ambrose, and John Waddington. 2004. Semiarid old-field restoration: is neighbor control needed? Ecological Applications 14:476–484.

Appendix E. Effects of neighbor control (C), seeding method (S), and mulch (M) on soil moisture and available N in three seeding years.

   
Soil moisture
 
Available N
   
df
SS
F
P
 
SS
F
P
                   
Plots seeded in 1994                  
Neighbor control  
1
1.485
54.46
0.000
 
0.484
24.66
0.000
Seeding method  
2
0.070
1.24
0.300
 
0.026
0.68
0.521
Mulch  
1
0.550
19.50
0.000
 
0.165
8.39
0.010
C × S  
2
0.055
0.97
0.385
 
0.034
0.87
0.436
C × M  
1
0.483
17.09
0.000
 
0.048
2.44
0.136
S × M  
2
0.054
0.95
0.394
 
0.009
0.24
0.792
C × S × M  
2
0.138
2.43
0.099
 
0.021
0.54
0.593
Error  
48
1.330
 
 
 
0.353
 
 
Total  
59
4.227
 
 
 
1.627
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Plots seeded in 1995  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Neighbor control  
1
0.005
0.16
0.689
 
0.475
5.90
0.019
Seeding method  
2
0.216
3.75
0.030
 
0.350
2.18
0.124
C × S  
2
0.059
1.03
0.363
 
0.013
0.08
0.922
Error  
54
1.525
 
 
 
4.267
 
 
Total  
59
1.803
 
 
 
5.127
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Plots seeded in 1996  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mulch  
1
0.015
0.55
0.468
 
0.180
4.69
0.044
Error  
18
0.477
 
 
 
0.690
 
 
Total  
19
0.491
 
 
 
0.870
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Neighbor control  
1
0.123
3.09
0.085
 
0.055
1.59
0.212
Seeding method  
2
0.457
5.72
0.006
 
0.650
9.49
0.000
C × S  
2
0.077
0.96
0.389
 
0.070
1.02
0.369
Error  
54
2.157
 
 
 
1.848
 
 
Total  
59
2.815
 
 
 
2.622
 
 

   Notes: All statistics are from ANOVAs within each seeding year. Significant F values are in bold. Neighbor control (applied or not) and seeding method (unseeded, broadcast, drilled) were main factors in all sites and years. Straw mulch (applied or not) was a main factor in the 1994 seeding year. In the 1996 seeding year, mulch effects in plots that received neighbor control and broadcast seeding were examined with one-way ANOVA. The native hay seeding method was omitted from the analyses. Soil moisture data were arc-sin square root transformed and nitrogen data were log transformed prior to analysis. SS for soil moisture were multiplied by 100 for presentation.



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