Ecological Archives A013-005-A1

Gary W. Luck and Gretchen C. Daily. 2003. Tropical countryside bird assemblages: richness, composition, and foraging differ by landscape context. Ecological Applications 13:235–247.

Appendix A. Bird species recorded using Miconia trees in five landscape contexts in southern Costa Rica.  

Species

Context

Common name

Scientific name

RF

NLI

NHI

FLI

FHI

Ardeidae            

Cattle Egret

Bubulcus ibis

     

P

 
Columbidae            

Ruddy Ground-Dove

Columbina talpacoti

   

P

   

White-tipped Dove

Leptotila verreauxi

   

P

   
Cuculidae            

Squirrel Cuckoo

Piaya cayana

 

P

     

Smooth-billed Ani

Crotophaga ani

 

P

     
Trochilidae            

Green Hermit

Phaethornis guy

 

F

     

Little Hermit

Phaethornis longuemareus

F

       

Canivet’s Emerald

Chlorostilbon canivetii

P

       

Rufous-tailed Hummingbird

Amazilia tzacatl

 

F

     

Long-billed Starthroat

Heliomaster longirostris

       

P

Momotidae            

Blue-crowned Motmot

Momotus momota

 

 
Ramphastidae            

Fiery-billed Aracari

Pteroglossus frantzii

     

Emerald Toucanet

Aulacorhynchus prasinus

 

     
Picidae            

Olivaceous Piculet

Picumnus olivaceus

       

F

Red-crowned Woodpecker

Melanerpes rubricapillus

 

Smoky-brown Woodpecker

Veniliornis fumigatus

 

P

     
Furnariidae            

Pale-breasted Spinetail

Synallaxis albescens

 

P

F

   

Red-faced Spinetail

Cranioleuca erythrops

     

F

 

Plain Xenops

Xenops minuta

 

P

     
Tyrannidae            

Southern-beardless Tyrannulet

Camptostoma obsoletum

 

N

     

Yellow Tyrannulet

Capsiempis flaveola

   

   

Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet

Tyrannulus elatus

   

 

Greenish Elaenia

Myiopagis viridicata

       

Yellow-bellied Elaenia

Elaenia flavogaster

Lesser Elaenia

Elaenia chiriquensis

Paltry Tyrannulet

Zimmerius vilissimus

 

 

Scale-crested Pygmy-Tyrant

Lophotriccus pileatus

 

P

     

Northern Bentbill

Oncostoma cinereigulare

   

P

   

Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher

Poecilotriccus sylvia

     

P

 

Common Tody-Flycatcher

Todirostrum cinereum

F

 

P

 

F

Yellow-olive Flycatcher

Tolmomyias sulphurescens

 

     

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Contopus virens

P

       

Tropical Peewee

Contopus cinereus

     

P

 

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher

Empidonax flaviventris

Alder/Willow Flycatcher

Empidonax alnorum/traillii

     

 

Dusky-capped Flycatcher

Myiarchus tuberculifer

 

     

Golden-bellied Flycatcher

Myiodynastes hemichrysus

   

   

Boat-billed Flycatcher

Megarhynchus pitangua

Social Flycatcher

Myiozetetes similis

N

Streaked Flycatcher

Myiodynastes maculatus

 

   

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher

Myiodynastes luteiventris

       

Tropical Kingbird

Tyrannus melancholicus

   

Rose-throated Becard

Pachyramphus aglaiae

     

Masked Tityra

Tityra semifasciata

     
Pipridae            

Orange-collared Manakin

Manacus aurantiacus

     

White-ruffed Manakin

Corapipo altera

 

Blue-crowned Manakin

Pipra coronata

 

 
Vireonidae            

Yellow-throated Vireo

Vireo flavifrons

 

Philadelphia Vireo

Vireo philadelphicus

 

     

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus

Yellow-green Vireo

Vireo flavoviridis

       
Troglodytidae            

Rufous-breasted Wren

Thryothorus rutilus

P

       

Plain Wren

Thryothorus modestus

       

F

House Wren

Troglodytes aedon

 

F

P

 

F

Sylviidae            

Tropical Gnatcatcher

Polioptila plumbea

F

F

     
Turdidae            

Orange-billed Nightingale-Thrush

Catharus aurantiirostris

 

Swainson's Thrush

Catharus ustulatus

Clay-colored Robin

Turdus grayi

White-throated Robin

Turdus assimilis

 
Parulidae            

Tennessee Warbler

Vermivora peregrina

 

Tropical Parula

Parula pitiayumi

 

     

Yellow Warbler

Dendroica petechia

 

   

Black-throated Green Warbler

Dendroica virens

 

P

     

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Dendroica pensylvanica

 

Mourning Warbler

Oporornis philadelphia

 

   

Wilson's Warbler

Wilsonia pusilla

 

P

     

Slate-throated Redstart

Myioborus miniatus

P

P

     

Rufous-capped Warbler

Basileuterus rufifrons

 

 
Coerebidae            

Bananaquit

Coereba flaveola

N

 
Thraupidae            

Common Bush-Tanager

Chlorospingus ophthalmicus

   

Gray-headed Tanager

Eucometis penicillata

   

 

White-shouldered Tanager

Tachyphonus luctuosus

     

 

White-lined Tanager

Tachyphonus rufus

     

Red-crowned Ant-Tanager

Habia rubica

       

Summer Tanager

Piranga rubra

 

     

Flame-colored Tanager

Piranga bidentata

 

   

White-winged Tanager

Piranga leucoptera

       

Cherrie’s Tanager

Ramphocelus costaricensis

Blue-gray Tanager

Thraupis episcopus

Palm Tanager

Thraupis palmarum

Yellow-crowned Euphonia

Euphonia luteicapilla

       

Thick-billed Euphonia

Euphonia laniirostris

Spotted-crowned Euphonia

Euphonia imitans

       

Silver-throated Tanager

Tangara icterocephala

Speckled Tanager

Tangara guttata

 

 

Bay-headed Tanager

Tangara gyrola

 

Golden-hooded Tanager

Tangara larvata

Scarlet-thighed Dacnis

Dacnis venusta

Green Honeycreeper

Chlorophanes spiza

   
Cardinalidae            

Streaked Saltator

Saltator striatipectus

Buff-throated Saltator

Saltator maximus

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Pheucticus ludovicianus

 

   

Indigo Bunting

Passerina cyanea

   

   
Icteridae            

Bronzed Cowbird

Molothrus aeneus

   

P

   

Baltimore Oriole

Icterus galbula

   

 

Emberizidae            

Blue-black Grassquit

Volatinia jacarina

   

 

Variable Seedeater

Sporophila aurita

Yellow-faced Grassquit

Tiaris olivacea

 

White-naped Brush-Finch

Atlapetes albinucha

 

     

Stripe-headed Brush-Finch

Buarremon torquatus

   

Orange-billed Sparrow

Arremon aurantiirostris

       

Black-striped Sparrow

Arremonops conirostris

 

Rufous-collared Sparrow

Zonotrichia capensis

 

 

Total species

 

54

68

48

41

38

Species taking fruit

 

47

54

41

37

33

   Notes: RF is rain forest, NLI and NHI are sites near (< 2 km) to a large rain forest remnant, split between low and high agricultural intensity, respectively, and FLI and FHI are sites far (5–8 km) from the remnant, similarly split. Species with superscript letters, except the Social Flycatcher and Bananaquit, were not recorded taking fruit (P = perching, F = foraging for non-fruit resources, and N = nesting). 


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