Ecological Archives E089-007-A1

Marc T. J. Johnson. 2008. Bottom-up effects of plant genotype on aphids, ants, and predators. Ecology 89:145–154.

Appendix A. A photo of the aphid Aphis oestlundi and the ant Crematogaster lineolata interacting on evening primrose.

Aphis oestlundi being tended by the ant Crematogaster lineolata on an evening primrose plant in the field. Aphids taken from this plant were used to start the aphid colony. Photo credit: Emily Darling.

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