Ecological Archives E086-142-A10

Anthony L. Koop and Carol C. Horvitz. 2005. Projection matrix analysis of the demography of an invasive, nonnative shrub (Ardisia elliptica). Ecology 86:2661–2672.

Appendix J. A figure showing contributions of populations and matrix elements to variability in population growth rates from December 1998 to December 1999.

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   FIG. J1. (A) Contributions of populations and (B) matrix elements to variability in population growth rates from Dec 1998 to Dec 1999.  For (B), values represent the mean of the absolute values of contributions from each population.  Numbers indicate matrix elements (i,j).


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