Ecological Archives E086-100-A1

Spencer R. Hall, Val H. Smith, David A. Lytle, and Mathew A. Leibold. 2005. Constraints on primary producer N:P stoichiometry along N:P supply ratio gradients. Ecology 86:1894–1904.

Appendix A. Details of the literature data set.

Table A1.  Description of sources of literature data presented in Fig. 3.

Data set

No.

Reference

Method§

Supply||

Species

Lakes

1

Stockner and Shortreed 1985

Obs.

Indirect

Lake assemblage

 

2

Shortreed and Stockner 1986

Obs.

Indirect

Lake assemblage

 

3

Healey and Hendzel 1980

Obs.

Indirect

Lake assemblage

 

4

Sterner et al. 1995

Obs.

Indirect

Lake assemblage

 

5

Suttle and Harrison 1985

Obs.

Indirect

Lake assemblage

Mesocosms

6

Levine and Schindler 1992

Expt. (O)

Direct

Lake assemblage

 

7

Levine and Schindler 1997

Expt. (O)

Direct

Lake assemblage

 

8

V. H. Smith et al. unpublished data

Expt. (O)

Direct

Pond assemblage

Algal

9

Saksaug et al. 1983

Cult.

Direct

Emiliania huxleyi, Amphidinium carterae

Cultures

10

Elrifi and Turpin 1985

Cult.

Direct

Selenastrum minutum

 

11

Rhee and Lederman 1991

Cult.

Direct

Anabaena flos-aquae

 

12

Rhee 1978

Cult.

Direct

Scenedesmus sp.

 

13

Liu et al. 2000

Cult.

Direct

Aureoumbra lagunensis

 

14

Reigmann et al. 2000

Cult.

Direct

Emiliana huxleyi

Periphyton

15

Hillebrand and Kahlert 2001

Expt. (O)

Indirect

Lake assemblage

 

16

Stelzer and Lamberti 2002

Expt. (O)

Direct

Stream assemblage

 

17

Stelzer and Lamberti 2001

Expt. (O)

Direct

Stream assemblage

Terrestrial and Wetland

18

Shaver and Melillo 1984

Expt. (L)

Direct

Carex lacustris, Calamagrostis canadensis, Typha latifolia

Plants

19

Güsewell in press

Expt. (O)

Direct

Carex flava, C. panicea, Molinia caerulea, Phalaris arundinacea

 

20

Ryser and Lambers 1995

Expt. (O)

Direct

Brachypodium pinnatum, Dactylis glomerata

Marine

21

Doering et al. 1995

Obs.

Indirect

Marine assemblage

 

22

Plum Island LTER (public comm.)

Obs.

Indirect

Marine assemblage

 

23

US EPA EMAP (public comm.), MD and DE data sets

Obs.

Indirect

Marine assemblage

 

24

US EPA EMAP (public comm.), MAIA data set

Obs.

Indirect

Marine assemblage

Data set number corresponds to that on Fig. 3.

References not included in the manuscript are listed below.

§ Method by which data were collected: "Obs." = observations from natural systems; "Expt. (O)" = outdoors experiment; "Expt (L)" = laboratory experiment; "Cult." = continuous chemostat culture.

|| Nature of nutrient supply.  "Indirect" = approximating using ratio of total nitrogen:total phosphorus; "Direct" = directly controlled.

Identity of species if from a single-species culture or experiment; assemblage indicated that multiple species aggregated.

LITERATURE CITED

Doering, P. H., C. A. Oviatt, B. L. Nowicki, E. G. Klos, and L.W. Reed.  1995.  Phosphorus and nitrogen limitation of primary production in a simulated estuarine gradient.  Marine Ecology-Progress Series 124:271–287.

Elrifi, I. R., and D. H. Turpin.  1985.  Steady-state luxury consumption and the concept of optimum nutrient ratios: a study with phosphate and nitrate limited Selenastrum minutum (Chlorophyta).  Journal of Phycology 21:592–602.

Güsewell, S.  In press.  Responses of wetland graminoids to the relative supply of nitrogen and phosphorus.  Plant Ecology.

Healey, F. P., and L. L. Hendzel. 1980. Physiological indicators of nutrient deficiency in lake phytoplankton.  Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 37:442–453.

Hillebrand, H., and M. Kahlert.  2001.  Effect of grazing and nutrient supply on periphyton biomass and nutrient stoichiometry in habitats of different productivity.  Limnology and Oceanography 46:1881–1898.

Liu, H., E. A. Laws, T. A. Villaral, and E. J. Buskey.  2001.  Nutrient-limited growth of Aureoumbra lagunensis (Pelagophyceae), with implications for its capability to outgrow other phytoplankton species in phosphate-limited environments.  Journal of Phycology 37:500–508.

PlumIsland LTER.  Public communication.  Accessed 12 June 2004.  ecosystems.mbl.edu/pie

Reigman, R., W. Stolte, A. A. M. Noordeloos, and D. Slezak.  2000.  Nutrient uptake and alkaline phosphatase (EC 3:1:3:1) activity of Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae) during growth under N and P limitation in continuous cultures.  Journal of Phycology 36:87–96.

Rhee, G. -Y., and T. C. Lederman.  1983.  Effects of nitrogen sources on P-limited growth of Anabaena flos-aquae.  Journal of Phycology 19:179–185

Ryser, P., and H. Lambers.  1995.  Root and leaf attributes account for the performance of fast and slow-growing grasses at different nutrient supply.  Plant Soil 1670:251–265

Sakshaug, K,. Andersen, S. Myklestad, and Y. Olsen.  1983.  Nutrient status of phytoplankton communities in Norwegian waters (marine, brackish, and fresh) as revealed by their chemical composition.  Journal of Plankton Research 5:175–196.

Shaver, G. R., and J. M. Melillo.  1984.  Nutrient budgets of marsh plants: efficiency concepts and relation to availability.  Ecology 65:1491–1510.

Shortreed, K. S., and J. G. Stockner. 1986. Trophic status of 19 subarctic lakes in the Yukon Territory.  Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 43:797–805.

Stelzer, R. S., and G. A. Lamberti.  2001.  Effects of N:P ratio and total nutrient concentration on stream periphyton community structure, biomass, and elemental composition.  Limnology and Oceanography 46:356–367

Stelzer, R. S., and G. A. Lamberti.  2002.  Ecological stoichiometry in running waters: periphyton chemical composition and snail growth.  Ecology 83:1039–1051.

Sterner, R.W., T. H. Chranowski, J. J. Elser, and N. B. George.  1995.  Sources of nitrogen and phosphorus supporting the growth of bacterio- and phytoplankton in an oligotrophic Canadian shield lake.  Limnology and Oceanography 40:242–249.

Stockner, J. G., and K. S. Shortreed. 1985.  Whole-lake fertilization experiments in coastal British Columbia lakes: empirical relationships between nutrient inputs and phytoplankton biomass and production. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 42:649–658.

Suttle, C. A., and P .J. Harrison.  1988.  Ammonium and phosphate uptake rates, N:P supply ratios, and evidence for N and P limitation in some oligotrophic lakes.  Limnology and Oceanography 33:186–202.

US EPA EMAP.  Public communication.  Accessed 12 June 2004.  http://www.epa.gov/emap



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