Ecological Archives E082-025-A1

Matthew G. Slocum. 2001. How tree species differ as recruitment foci in a tropical pasture. Ecology 82:2547-2559.

Appendix. Abundance and characteristics of each woody plant species found in the two pasture treatments and five focal tree types. Species are sorted by total abundance.

 

 

Active Pasture

Enclosed Pasture

 

SPECIES

Cordia (13)

Cecropia (12)

Ficus (14)

Open pasture (17)

Pentaclethra (17)

Total (73)

Cordia (18)

Cecropia (23)

Ficus (24)

Open pasture (23)

Pentaclethra (24)

Total (112)

CHARACTERISTICS*

1.

Pentaclethra macroloba (Willd.) Kuntze FABACEAE

.

.

3

.

251

254

 

1

1

12

.

502

516

 

C,E,40,PS

2.

Hampea appendiculata (J.D. Sm.) Standl. MALVACEAE

4

2

27

.

9

42

 

21

35

166

.

47

269

 

C,A,10,S

3.

Piper spp. PIPERACEAE†

28

86

65

6

90

275

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

C,A,1,S

4.

Piper hispidum Sw. PIPERACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

18

46

45

28

25

162

 

C,A,1,nk

5.

Piper colonense C. DC. PIPERACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

30

14

39

1

63

147

 

C,A,1,nk

6.

Solanum sp. SOLANACEAE

22

62

3

14

6

107

 

14

5

1

9

.

29

 

C,A,2,S

7.

Piper auritum H.B.K. PIPERACEAE

2

25

10

.

.

37

 

20

28

6

7

4

65

 

C,A,1,S

8.

Cestrum racemosum R. & P. SOLANACEAE

14

36

25

2

.

77

 

3

4

3

3

.

13

 

C,A,4,S

9.

Solanum jamaicense Mill. SOLANACEAE

25

45

3

1

.

74

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

C,A,2,S

10.

Trophis racemosa (L.) Urban MORACEAE

.

.

4

.

12

16

 

.

7

30

1

8

46

 

N,A,nk,PS

11.

Castilla elastica Cerv. MORACEAE

.

1

5

.

8

14

 

2

3

32

.

7

44

 

C,A,10,nk

12.

Carapa nicaraguensis C. DC. MELIACEAE

.

.

22

.

.

22

 

.

.

22

.

.

22

 

U,WA,70,P

13.

Citrus cf. aurantium L. RUTACEAE

1

1

1

2

5

10

 

1

1

2

16

.

20

 

C,A,nk,I

14.

Virola koschnyi Warb. in Fedde MYRISTICACEAE

2

.

3

.

.

5

 

.

.

23

.

2

25

 

R,A,nk,S

15.

Alchornea costaricensis Pax & Hoffm. EUPHORBIACEAE

4

3

6

.

3

16

 

5

1

2

2

2

12

 

C,A,5,PS

16.

Cassia papillosa (B. & R.) Standl. CAELSALPINIOIDEAE

4

7

2

.

1

14

 

.

4

7

.

3

14

 

C,A,10,S

17.

Miconia affinis DC. MELASTOMATACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

7

2

.

14

23

 

U,A,2,S

18.

Virola sebifera Aubl. MYRISTICACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

14

.

2

16

 

N,A,nk,P

19.

Cestrum megalophyllum Dun. in DC. SOLANACEAE

.

.

15

.

.

15

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

N,A,5,P

20.

Pentagonia sp. 1 RUBIACEAE

1

.

5

.

2

8

 

1

1

3

.

2

7

 

N,A,nk,nk

21.

Rhodostemonodaphne kunthiana (Nees) Rohwer LAURACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

2

10

.

3

15

 

N,A,nk,nk

22.

Sorocea pubivena Hemsl. MORACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

14

.

1

15

 

N,A,nk,P

23.

Inga pavoniana G. Don. MIMOSOIDEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

1

.

12

.

1

14

 

R,A,25,S

24.

Guarea sp. 1 MELIACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

13

.

.

13

 

N,A,nk,P

25.

Protium costaricense (Rose) Engl. BURSERACEAE

.

.

1

.

4

5

 

.

.

6

.

2

8

 

N,A,nk,nk

26.

Simarouba amara Aubl. SIMAROUBACEAE

.

.

2

.

4

6

 

.

.

5

.

2

7

 

R,A,14,S

27.

Guatteria diospyriodes Baill. ANNONACEAE

1

.

1

.

2

4

 

.

.

6

.

2

8

 

N,A,nk,nk

28.

Rollinia pittieri Standl. ANNONACEAE

.

3

2

.

1

6

 

.

1

3

.

2

6

 

U,A,5,PS

29.

Trema micrantha (L.) Blume ULMACEAE

.

8

4

.

.

12

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

C,A,2,S

30.

Cecropia spp. CECROPIACEAE‡

1

4

3

.

3

11

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

C,A,2,S

31.

Cordia alliodora (R. & P.) Oken BORAGINACEAE

6

.

2

.

.

8

 

3

.

.

.

.

3

 

C,W,nk,PS

32.

Guarea sp. 2 MELIACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

1

.

5

.

5

11

 

N,A,nk,P

33.

Ocotea babosa C. K. Allen LAURACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

2

2

.

6

10

 

N,A,nk,nk

34.

Cecropia obtusifolia Bertol. CECROPIACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

2

4

3

.

.

9

 

C,A,3,S

35.

Simira maxonii (Standl.) Steyerm. RUBIACEAE

.

.

7

.

.

7

 

.

.

2

.

.

2

 

R,W,25,nk

36.

Casearia sylvestris Sw. FLACOURTIACEAE

3

.

.

.

.

3

 

1

.

.

1

3

5

 

R,A,2,S

37.

Luehea seemannii Tr. & Pl. TILIACEAE

5

.

.

.

2

7

 

.

.

.

1

.

1

 

R,W,3,PS

38.

Neea psychotrioides J. D. Smith NYCTAGINACEAE

1

.

2

.

4

7

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

N,A,nk,S

39.

Alsophila sp. 1 CYATHACEAE

.

.

3

.

.

3

 

.

.

3

.

.

3

 

R,N,nk,nk

40.

Callicarpa acuminata HBK. VERBENACEAE

1

.

.

.

.

1

 

1

4

.

.

.

5

 

C,A,nk,S

41.

Conostegia subcrustulata (Beurl.) Triana MELASTOMATACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

3

2

.

.

1

6

 

C,A,nk,S

42.

Psidium guajava L. MYRTACEAE

.

.

.

1

3

4

 

.

1

.

1

.

2

 

C,A,nk,I

43.

Sapium laurifolium (A. Rich.) Griseb. EUPHORBIACEAE

.

1

2

.

.

3

 

.

.

3

.

.

3

 

N,N,nk,nk

44.

Dendropanax arboreus (L.) Dec. & Planch. ARALIACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

1

.

2

.

2

5

 

N,A,7,P

45.

Dilodendron costaricensis Radlk. SAPINDACEAE

.

.

.

.

5

5

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

N,A,nk,nk

46.

Inga sapindoides Willd. in L. MIMOSOIDEAE

.

.

2

.

3

5

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

R,A,25,S

47.

Musa sp. 1 MUSACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

5

.

.

.

5

 

R,A,nk,I

48.

Nectandra membranacea (Sw.) Griseb. LAURACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

1

3

.

1

5

 

N,A,nk,PS

49.

Vitex cooperi Stand. VERBANACEAE

.

.

.

.

1

1

 

.

1

2

.

1

4

 

R,A,nk,nk

50.

Andira inermis (Swartz) HBK. FABACEAE

.

.

4

.

.

4

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

R,A,50,P

51.

Annonaceae sp. 1 ANNONACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

4

.

.

4

 

N,A,nk,nk

52.

Goethalsia meiantha (Donn. Sm.) Burret TILIACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

1

1

.

2

4

 

R,W,3,PS

53.

Hura crepitans L. EUPHORBIACEAE

3

.

.

.

.

3

 

.

.

1

.

.

1

 

C,E,15,P

54.

Inga sp. 1 MIMOSOIDEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

.

4

.

4

 

N,A,nk,nk

55.

Acalypha sp. 1 EUPHORBIACEAE

.

1

.

.

.

1

 

.

.

2

.

.

2

 

N,N,nk,nk

56.

Aegiphila martinicensis Jacq. VERBENACEAE

2

.

1

.

.

3

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

N,A,nk,S

57.

Aegiphila sp. 1 VERBENACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

3

.

.

3

 

N,A,nk,nk

58.

Annonaceae sp. 2 ANNONACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

.

.

3

3

 

N,A,nk,nk

59.

Carica papaya L. CARICACEAE

2

1

.

.

.

3

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

R,A,5,I

60.

Cecropia insignis Liebm. CECROPIACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

2

1

.

3

 

C,A,2,S

61.

Crataeva tapia L. CAPPARIDACEAE

.

.

.

.

1

1

 

.

.

2

.

.

2

 

R,A,8,P

62.

Erythroxylum macrophyllum Cav. ERYTHROXYLACEAE

.

.

.

.

3

3

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

N,N,nk,nk

63.

Genipa americana L. RUBIACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

3

.

.

3

 

N,A,10,nk

64.

Inga sp. 2 MIMOSOIDEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

3

.

.

3

 

N,A,nk,nk

65.

Rhodostemonodaphne kunthiana Nees. LAURACEAE

.

3

.

.

.

3

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

N,A,nk,nk

66.

Siparuna pauciflora (Beurl.) A. DC. MONIMIACEAE

.

1

.

.

.

1

 

.

.

2

.

.

2

 

N,A,nk,nk

67.

Stemmadenia donnell-smithii (Rose) Woods. APOCYNACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

3

.

.

3

 

R,A,10,PS

68.

Dipteryx panamensis (Pitt.) Record & Mell APILIONOIDEAE

.

.

1

.

.

1

 

.

.

1

.

.

1

 

U,A,50,P

69.

Ficus colubrinae Standl. MORACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

1

1

.

.

2

 

U,A,1,nk

70.

Jacaratia dolichaula (Donn. Sm.) Woodson CARICACEAE

1

.

.

.

.

1

 

1

.

.

.

.

1

 

R,A,5,S

71.

Lauraceae sp. 1 LAURACEAE

2

.

.

.

.

2

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

N,A,nk,nk

72.

Lauraceae sp. 2 LAURACEAE

.

.

.

.

2

2

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

N,A,nk,nk

73.

Melastomataceae sp. 1 MELASTOMATACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

2

.

.

.

2

 

N,A,nk,nk

74.

Merinthopodium neuranthum (Hemsl.) Donn. Sm. SOLANACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

2

.

.

2

 

N,A,nk,nk

75.

Ochroma pyrimidale (Cav.) Urban BOMBACEAE

.

2

.

.

.

2

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

C,W,5,S

76.

Ocotea sp. 1 LAURACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

2

.

.

.

2

 

N,A,nk,nk

77.

Poulsenia armata (Miq.) Standl. MORACEAE

.

.

2

.

.

2

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

N,A,nk,nk

78.

Protium sp.1 BURSERACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

1

.

1

2

 

N,A,nk,nk

79.

Siparuna andina (Tul.) A. DC. MONIMIACEAE

.

.

1

.

.

1

 

.

.

1

.

.

1

 

N,A,nk,nk

80.

Unknown 1

.

.

2

.

.

2

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

n/ a

81.

Unknown 2

.

.

.

.

2

2

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

n/ a

82.

Unknown 3

.

.

2

.

.

2

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

n/ a

83.

Aegiphila sp. 2 VERBENACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

1

.

.

1

 

N,A,nk,nk

84.

Aegiphila sp. 3 VERBENACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

1

.

.

.

1

 

N,A,nk,nk

85.

Annonaceae sp. ANNONACEAE

.

.

1

.

.

1

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

N,A,nk,nk

86.

Clusia minor L. CLUSIACEAE

1

.

.

.

.

1

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

U,A,3,nk

87.

Erythrina poeppigiana (Walp.) O.F. Cook PAPILIONOIDEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

1

.

.

.

1

 

N,N,12,nk

88.

Guatteria aeruginosa Standl. ANNONACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

1

.

.

1

 

N,A,nk,nk

89.

Guatteria inuncta Fries ANNONACEAE

.

.

.

.

1

1

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

N,N,nk,nk

90.

Hirtella lemsii L. O. Wms. & Prance CHRYSOBALANACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

1

.

.

1

 

N,A,nk,nk

91.

Lauraceae sp. 3 LAURACEAE

.

.

1

.

.

1

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

N,A,nk,nk

92.

Myriocarpa longipes Liebm. URTICACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

1

.

.

1

 

N,N,nk,nk

93.

Neea amplifolia Donn. Sm. NYCTAGINACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

.

.

1

1

 

N,A,10,P

94.

Neea psychotrioides Donn. Sm. NYCTAGINACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

1

.

.

1

 

N,A,nk,S

95.

Neea sp. 1 NYCTAGINACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

1

.

.

1

 

N,A,nk,nk

96.

Ocotea tenera Mez. & Donn. Sm. LAURACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

1

.

.

1

 

N,A,nk,nk

97.

Ouratea cf. lucens (Kunth) Engl. OCHNACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

1

.

.

1

 

N,A,nk,nk

98.

Spondias mombin L. ANACARDIACEAE

.

.

1

.

.

1

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

N,A,20,nk

99.

Swartzia cubensis (Britt. & Wils.) Standl. PAPILIONOIDEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

.

.

.

1

1

 

N,A,nk,nk

100.

Swartzia simplex (Sw.) Spreng. CAESALPINIOIDEAE

.

.

.

.

1

1

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

N,A,25,nk

101.

Tapirira myriantha Triana & Planch ANACARDICEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

.

1

.

.

.

1

 

N,A,nk,nk

102.

Terminalia oblonga (R. & P.) Steud. COMBRETACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

1

.

.

.

.

1

 

U,W,10,P

103.

Unknown 4

.

1

.

.

.

1

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

n/ a

104.

Unknown 5

1

.

.

.

.

1

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

n/ a

105.

Unknown 6

.

.

1

.

.

1

 

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

n/ a

106.

Vernonia patens Kunth ASTERACEAE

.

.

.

.

.

0

 

1

.

.

.

.

1

 

N,N,nk,nk

 

No. abiotically-dispersed recruits:

16

4

32

0

254

300

 

5

3

41

1

504

554

   

 

No. abiotically-dispersed species:

4

3

5

0

3

9

 

3

3

6

1

2

12

   

 

No. animal-dispersed recruits:

117

287

193

26

168

790

 

130

187

515

74

217

1123

   

 

No. animal-dispersed species:

18

15

30

6

22

42

 

21

29

52

12

30

67

   

 

Total no. recruits:

134

292

230

26

429

1111

 

131

181

537

73

718

1639

   

 

Total no. species:

23

19

38

6

27

59

 

24

32

59

13

32

80

   

 

Total no. unique species:

6

5

13

0

8

n/a

 

5

5

26

1

2

n/a

   

* Codes for characteristics of the tree species, separated by commas. 1st code is observed frequency in pasture (C = common, U = uncommon, R = rare, N = not seen, probably rare or non-existent). 2nd code is dispersal syndrome (A = animal, W = wind, E = explosive, WA = water, N = unknown abiotic). 3rd code is approximate seed size in mm. 4th code is type of forest found in (S = secondary, P = primary, PS = primary and secondary). For all codes nk = not known.

Includes the two species Piper colonense and Piper hispidum, which I was not able to distinguish during the census of the active pasture.

Includes the two species Cecropia insignis and Cecropia obtusifolia, which I was not able to distinguish during the census of the active pasture.



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