Yves Bergeron. 2000. Species and stand dynamics in the mixed woods of Quebec's southern boreal forest. Ecology 81:1500-1516.
Figure 1. Maps of dead stems for each stand.
Scale numbers on both scales refer to a coordinate system (in meters). Ptr=Populus tremuloides; Bpa=Betula papyrifera; Aba=Abies balsamea; Pgl=Picea glauca; Toc=Thuja occidentalis; *=undetermined. Symbols and thickness lines associated refer to tree diameter (in centimeters).