Ecological Archives A016-022-A2

R. A. Zahawi and C. K. Augspurger. 2006. Tropical forest restoration: tree islands as recruitment foci in degraded lands of Honduras. Ecological Applications 16:464–478.

Appendix B (Table B1). Dispersal mode, family, species, and site location (C = CRL, P = PLY, S = SFR) of all tagged tree seedlings that established in islands during the 2-yr study. Seedlings are grouped by island type and divided between core and expansion zones for artificial islands (GLR = Gliricidia, BUR = Bursera, OP = Open Pasture. Total area = 840m2 and 560m2 for core and expansion zones of artificial islands, respectively; area = 840m2 for open pasture islands).

DISPERSAL MODE

FAMILY

SPECIES

SITE

GLR

BUR

OP

core

exp

core

exp

Zoochorous

ULMACEAE

Trema micrantha

C/P/S

26

20

48

8

26

Zoochorous

MALPHIGIACEAE

Byrsonima crassifolia

C/S

24

11

35

11

32

Zoochorous

MORACEAE

Cecropia obtusifolia

C/P/S

25

20

20

10

18

Zoochorous

ANNONACEAE

Xylopia frutescens

C/S

43

6

7

4

3

Zoochorous

MYRTACEAE

Psidium guajava

C/P

9

1

11

-

-

Zoochorous

BORAGINACEAE

Cordia bicolor

C/S

8

2

-

-

1

Zoochorous

RUTACEAE

Zanthoxylum sp.

S

-

-

6

3

-

Zoochorous

EUPHORBIACEAE

Hyeronima alchorneoides

C/P

5

-

-

-

-

Zoochorous

FABACEAE

Swartzia simplex

C

2

2

-

-

-

Zoochorous

MELASTOMATACEAE

Miconia sp.

C/S

-

1

2

-

1

Zoochorous

ARALIACEAE

Dendropanax arboreus

C

2

-

-

-

-

Zoochorous

BURSERACEAE

Bursera simaruba

C/P

1

-

-

1

-

Zoochorous

CLUSIACEAE

Vismia mexicana

C

1

-

1

-

-

Zoochorous

FABACEAE

Inga sp.

C

-

1

1

-

-

Zoochorous

FAGACEAE

Quercus sp.

S

1

-

-

-

1

Zoochorous

LAURACEAE

Unknown sp.

P

-

-

1

-

1

Zoochorous

MELASTOMATACEAE

Unknown sp.1

P

1

-

-

-

-

Zoochorous

MELASTOMATACEAE

Unknown sp.2

P

1

-

-

-

-

Zoochorous

MELASTOMATACEAE

Unknown sp.3

P

-

1

-

-

-

Zoochorous

MELIACEAE

Guarea glabra

P

1

-

-

-

-

Zoochorous

MORACEAE

Ficus sp.

P

1

-

-

-

-

Zoochorous

 

Unkown sp.

S

1

-

-

-

-

Anemochorous

BIGNONIACEAE

Jacaranda copaia

S

3

-

9

8

-

Anemochorous

TILIACEAE

Trichospermum mexicanum

C/S

2

3

4

-

3

Anemochorous

BIGNONIACEAE

Tabebuia guayacan

C

6

3

-

-

2

Anemochorous

PINACEAE

Pinus caribaea

S

-

2

4

1

-

Anemochorous

COMBRETACEAE

Terminalia amazonia

S

1

-

1

-

1

Anemochorous

TILIACEAE

Luehea seemannii

C

1

1

1

-

-

Anemochorous

VOCHYSIACEAE

Vochysia guatemalensis

C

1

-

2

-

-

Anemochorous

ASTERACEAE

Vernonia sp.

C

-

-

1

1

-

Anemochorous

BIGNONIACEAE

Spathodea campanulata

P

1

-

-

-

-

Anemochorous

BOMBACACEAE

Ochroma pyramidale

S

-

1

-

-

-

Unknown

 

Unkown sp.1

P

1

-

1

-

1

Unknown

 

Unkown sp.2

C

-

1

-

-

-

Unknown

 

Unkown sp.3

P

1

-

-

-

-

Unknown

 

Unkown sp.4

P

1

-

-

-

-

Unknown

 

Unkown sp.5

P

-

-

1

-

-

Unknown

 

Unkown sp.6

S

-

1

-

-

-

Unknown

 

Unkown sp.7

C

1

-

-

-

-

Unknown

 

Unkown sp.8

P

-

-

1

-

-

Unknown

 

Unkown sp.9

C

-

-

-

1

-

                 
 

TOTAL SEEDLINGS

543 (469 Zoo; 63 Anemo)

 

171

77

157

48

90

 

TOTAL SPECIES

41

 

28

17

20

10

12



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