Ecological Archives A016-022-A1

R. A. Zahawi and C. K. Augspurger. 2006. Tropical forest restoration: tree islands as recruitment foci in degraded lands of Honduras. Ecological Applications 16:464–478.

Appendix A (Table A1). Family, species, habit (T = tree, S = shrub, H = herb, G = grass, V = vine/liana), dispersal mode, seed mass (1 = > 1g, 2 = 1 – 0.1g, 3 = 0.1 – 0.01g, 4 = 0.01 – 0.001g, 5 = 0.001 – 0.0001g, 6 = < 0.0001g), and site location (C = Curla, P = Playitas, S = San Francisco, 2∞ = Secondary forest) of all seeds that were captured by seed traps during the 2-yr study. Total number of seeds, is also indicated (GLR = Gliricidia, BUR = Bursera, OP = Open Pasture, 2∞ = Secondary Forest). Number of seed traps are shown in brackets.

 
 
 

DISPERSAL

SEED

 

GLR

BUR

OP

2∞

FAMILY

SPECIES

HABIT

MODE

MASS

SITE

[204]

[204]

[132]

[48]

                   

ANNONACEAE

Anaxagorea sp.

T

EXPLOSIVE

2

2∞

-

-

-

10

ANNONACEAE

Xylopia frutescens

T

ZOO

3

C/S/2∞

32

6

21

96

APOCYNACEAE

Aspidosperma spruceanum

T

ANEMO

2

S

1

-

-

-

APOCYNACEAE

Foresteronia (spicata ?)

V

ANEMO

3

C/P/S/2∞

6

5

1

7

APOCYNACEAE

Odontadenia sp.

V

ANEMO

2

2∞

-

-

-

3

APOCYNACEAE

Unknown sp.1

 

ANEMO

4

C/S/2∞

5

5

5

26

APOCYNACEAE

Unknown sp.2

 

ANEMO

4

C/P/S/2∞

8

4

8

9

ARECACEAE

Unknown sp.1

 

ZOO

2

P/S/2∞

-

1

1

2

ARISTOLOCHIACEAE

Aristolochia sp.1

V

ANEMO

4

2∞

-

-

-

4

ARISTOLOCHIACEAE

Aristolochia sp.2

V

ANEMO

4

C

-

2

-

-

ASCLEPIADACEAE

Asclepias curassavica

H

ANEMO

4

P

7

1

21

-

ASTERACEAE

Ageratum sp.

H/S

ANEMO

5

C/P/S

62

168

140

1

ASTERACEAE

Eupatorium sp.

S

ANEMO

5

S

657

1053

829

-

ASTERACEAE

Eupatorium vitalbae

V

ANEMO

5

C/P/S/2∞

37

76

57

88

ASTERACEAE

Taraxacum sp.1

H

ANEMO

5

P/S

4

30

7

 

ASTERACEAE

Taraxacum sp.2

H

ANEMO

5

C/P

47

20

1

-

ASTERACEAE

Verbesina turbacensis

S

ANEMO

5

C

160

60

96

-

ASTERACEAE

Vernonia scorpioides

S

ANEMO

6

C/P

43

998

10

-

ASTERACEAE

Unknown sp.1

 

ANEMO

5

C/P/S

2

1

-

-

BIGNONIACEAE

Jacaranda copaia

T

ANEMO

4

C/P/S/2∞

23

61

24

3

BIGNONIACEAE

Pithecoctenium (crucigerum ?)

V

ANEMO

3

P

-

1

-

-

BIGNONIACEAE

Spathodea campanulata

T

ANEMO

4

C/P

-

3

1

-

BIGNONIACEAE

Tabebuia guayacan

T

ANEMO

4

C/P/2∞

16

103

86

6

BIGNONIACEAE

Unknown  sp.1

 

ANEMO

3

C/S/2∞

2

-

-

2

BOMBACACEAE

Ochroma (pyramidale ?)

T

ANEMO

4

P

1

1

-

-

BORAGINACEAE

Cordia alliodora

T

ANEMO

4

C/S/2∞

-

1

1

2

BURSERACEAE

Bursera simaruba

T

ZOO

3

C/2∞

1

-

-

11

BURSERACEAE

Dacryodes/Trattinnickia

T

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

32

CLUSIACEAE

Symphonia globulifera

T

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

11

COCHLOSPERMACEAE

Cochlospermum/Amoreuxia

V

ANEMO

3

2∞

-

-

-

6

COMBRETACEAE

Terminalia amazonia

T

ANEMO

4

C/P/S/2∞

122

89

64

69

COMBRETACEAE

Terminalia oblonga

T

ANEMO

2

C/S

1

1

-

-

COMBRETACEAE

Unknown sp.1

 

ANEMO

5

C

-

1

-

-

CYPERACEAE

Carex/Cyperus

H

UNKNOWN

4

C/P/S

16

52

-

1

CYPERACEAE

Cyperus mutisii ?

H

UNKNOWN

4

P

14

-

-

-

CYPERACEAE

Scleria melaleuca

H

GRAVITY

4

C/P/S

421

281

208

1

CYPERACEAE

Unknown sp.1

H

UNKNOWN

4

C/P

28

19

20

-

CYPERACEAE

Unknown sp.2

H

UNKNOWN

4

P

2

1

12

1

DILLENIACEAE

Davilla kunthii

V

ZOO

3

2∞

-

-

-

1

DILLENIACEAE

Davilla sp.2

V

ZOO

3

2∞

-

-

-

1

DILLENIACEAE

Unknown sp.1

V

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

5

ERICACEAE?

Unknown sp.1

S

ZOO

3

C/P

15

27

5

-

EUPHORBIACEAE

Croton sp.1

H

EXPLOSIVE

3

C/S

135

64

33

-

EUPHORBIACEAE

Croton sp.2

H

EXPLOSIVE

3

C

1

-

-

-

EUPHORBIACEAE

Croton trinitatis

H

EXPLOSIVE

4

C/P/S

624

1050

219

-

EUPHORBIACEAE

Hyeronima alchorneoides

T

ZOO

3

C/P/2∞

3

-

-

12

EUPHORBIACEAE

Hyeronima sp.2

T

ZOO

3

C

-

58

-

-

EUPHORBIACEAE

Phyllanthus (antillanus ?)

H

EXPLOSIVE

5

P

16

22

-

-

FABACEAE

Desmodium sp.1

H

ZOO

4

C/P/S

42

9

73

-

FABACEAE

Desmodium sp.2

H

ZOO

3

C/P

4

2

-

-

FABACEAE

Dialium guianense

T

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

37

FABACEAE

Erythrina sp.

T

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

1

FABACEAE

Gliricidia sepium

T

ZOO

2

S

2

-

-

-

FABACEAE

Machaerium seemannii

V

ANEMO

2

2∞

-

-

-

2

FABACEAE

Mimosa pudica

H

ANEMO

4

C

3

18

5

-

FABACEAE

Ormosia sp.

T

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

3

FABACEAE

Unknown sp.1

 

ZOO

2

C

1

-

-

-

FABACEAE

Unknown sp.2

 

EXPLOSIVE

3

C

3

2

2

-

FABACEAE

Unknown sp.3

 

ZOO

1

2∞

-

-

-

4

FABACEAE

Unknown sp.4

 

ZOO

3

2∞

-

-

-

35

FABACEAE

Unknown sp.5

 

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

1

FABACEAE

Unknown sp.6

 

ZOO

4

C

-

7

2

-

FABACEAE

Unknown sp.7

 

ZOO

3

C

7

-

-

-

HIPPOCRATEACEAE

Hippocratea sp. ?

V

ANEMO

3

2∞

-

-

-

16

MALPHIGIACEAE

Byrsonima crassifolia

T

ZOO

2

C/S/2∞

8

1

1

20

MALPHIGIACEAE

Heteropteris sp. ?

V

ANEMO

3

S/2∞

-

2

-

11

MALPHIGIACEAE

Mascagnia sp.1

V

ANEMO

3

S/2∞

2

-

-

11

MALPHIGIACEAE

Mascagnia sp.2

V

ANEMO

4

C/P/S/2∞

-

1

2

9

MALPHIGIACEAE

Stigmaphyllon/Heteropteris

V

ANEMO

3

P

1

1

2

1

MALVACEAE

Pavonia schiedeana

S

ZOO

4

C/P

3

3

8

-

MALVACEAE

Sida rhombifolia

S

ZOO

4

C/P

8

5

2

-

MALVACEAE

Sida sp.

S

ZOO

4

C/P

32

1

10

-

MELASTOMATACEAE

Conostegia xalapensis

S

ZOO

5

C/P/S/2∞

1318

975

485

-

MELASTOMATACEAE

Unknown sp.1

 

ZOO

5

C/P

81

41

196

-

MELASTOMATACEAE

Unknown sp.2

 

UNKNOWN

3

2∞

-

-

-

6

MELIACEAE

Cedrela odorata

T

ANEMO

3

S

-

1

1

-

MELIACEAE

Guarea grandifolia

T

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

6

MELIACEAE

Guarea (glabra ?)

T

ZOO

1

2∞

-

-

-

5

MORACEAE

Brosimum alicastrum

T

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

3

MORACEAE

Cecropia obtusifolia

T

ZOO

4

C/P/S/2∞

802

291

350

202

MORACEAE

Ficus colubrinae

T

ZOO

6

P/2∞

295

209

78

31

MORACEAE

Ficus sp.

T

ZOO

6

2∞

-

-

-

100

MORACEAE

Pourouma (aspera ?)

T

ZOO

2

C/2∞

-

-

1

13

MYRISTICACEAE

Virola guatemalensis

T

ZOO

1

2∞

-

-

-

15

MYRISTICACEAE

Virola sp.

T

ZOO

1

2∞

-

-

-

2

MYRTACEAE

Myrica splendens ?

T

ZOO

2

P/2∞

-

-

-

8

PINACEAE

Pinus caribaea

T

ANEMO

3

S

1

1

-

-

PIPERACEAE

Piper sp.

S

ZOO

6

C/P/2∞

789

2309

617

82

POACEAE

Andropogon sp.

G

ANEMO

5

C/P/S/2∞

5355

4908

5615

8

POACEAE

Panicum maximum

G

ANEMO

5

C

2636

2475

8170

-

POACEAE

Paspalum conjugatum

G

ANEMO

5

P

1003

266

345

-

POACEAE

Paspalum plicatulum

G

GRAVITY

5

C

4035

8396

4169

-

POACEAE

Pennisetum purpureum

G

GRAVITY

5

P/2∞

2910

5203

15440

4

POACEAE

Rhynchelytrum repens

G

ANEMO

5

S

47

1

-

-

POACEAE

Stipa sp.

G

ANEMO

5

C

314

1392

1486

-

POACEAE

Urochloa brizantha

G

GRAVITY

4

C/P

12553

18523

9068

-

POACEAE

Unknown sp.1

G

GRAVITY

4

C

16

348

2

-

POACEAE

Unknown sp.2

G

GRAVITY

4

C

524

1195

472

-

POACEAE

Unknown sp.3

G

ANEMO

5

P

564

17

38

-

POACEAE

Unknown sp.4

G

ANEMO

5

S

-

27

-

-

POACEAE

Unknown sp.5

G

GRAVITY

4

C

55

34

40

-

POACEAE

Unknown sp.6

G

ANEMO

5

S

672

12

34

-

POACEAE

Unknown sp.7

G

GRAVITY

4

C/S

20

57

117

-

POACEAE

Unknown sp.8

G

UNKNOWN

4

C/2∞

2

-

-

2

POACEAE

Unknown sp.9

G

UNKNOWN

4

C/P

6

5

1

-

POACEAE

Unknown sp.10

G

UNKNOWN

4

P/2∞

3

12

2

2

POLYGONACEAE

Unknown sp.1

H/S

UNKNOWN

4

C/S

10

5

34

-

RHAMNACEAE

Gouania (lupuloides ?)

S

ANEMO

4

C/P/2∞

5

8

1

30

RUBIACEAE

Posoqueria (latifolia ?)

T

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

2

RUBIACEAE

Unknown sp.1

 

ZOO

3

S/2∞

-

1

-

11

RUBIACEAE

Unknown sp.2

 

ZOO

4

C/S/2∞

2

-

1

2

RUTACEAE

Zanthoxylum sp.

T

ZOO

4

C/S/2∞

54

18

4

26

SAPINDACEAE

Cupania cubense

T

ZOO

2

P/2∞

1

-

-

2

SAPINDACEAE

Paullinia (cururu ?)

V

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

1

SAPINDACEAE

Unknown sp.1

 

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

1

SAPOTACEAE

Sideroxylon capiri

T

ZOO

1

2∞

-

-

-

2

SOLANACEAE

Solanum americanum

H

ZOO

5

S

-

42

-

-

SOLANACEAE

Solanum sp.1

H

ZOO

5

C/P/S

151

53

157

-

SOLANACEAE

Solanum sp.2

 

ZOO

4

C/P

86

54

103

20

SOLANACEAE

Solanum sp.3

 

ZOO

4

C

-

-

9

2

SOLANACEAE

Solanum sp.4

 

ZOO

5

C/S

440

544

474

-

TILIACEAE

Heliocarpus donnell-smithii

T

ANEMO

4

C

-

2

-

-

TILIACEAE

Luehea seemannii

T

ANEMO

4

C/P/S

1

5

4

-

TILIACEAE

Trichospermum mexicanum

T

ANEMO

4

C/P/S/2∞

113

61

35

303

ULMACEAE

Ampelocera (hottlei ?)

T

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

6

ULMACEAE

Trema micrantha

T

ZOO

4

C/P/S/2∞

76

144

70

1

ULMACEAE

Ulmus mexicana

T

ANEMO

4

P

2

2

1

-

VERBENACEAE

Lantana sp.1

S

ZOO

4

C/S

35

15

27

-

VERBENACEAE

Lantana sp.2

S

ZOO

4

C/P/S/2∞

52

110

61

1

VOCHYSIACEAE

Vochysia guatemalensis

T

ANEMO

3

2∞

-

-

-

3

 

Unknown sp.1

 

ZOO

3

C/2∞

1

-

-

19

 

Unknown sp.2

 

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

1

 

Unknown sp.3

 

ZOO

3

2∞

-

-

-

2

 

Unknown sp.4

 

ZOO

3

C/P/2∞

1

3

8

2

 

Unknown sp.5

 

ZOO

3

C

1

-

-

-

 

Unknown sp.6

 

ZOO

3

2∞

-

-

-

1

 

Unknown sp.7

 

ZOO

3

C

-

2

-

-

 

Unknown sp.8

 

ZOO

5

P

1

2

-

-

 

Unknown sp.9

 

ZOO

3

C/P/S/2∞

1

3

1

4

 

Unknown sp.10

 

ZOO

3

2∞

-

-

-

13

 

Unknown sp.11

 

ZOO

3

C/P

1

2

-

-

 

Unknown sp.12

 

ZOO

3

C/2∞

-

3

-

40

 

Unknown sp.13

 

UNKNOWN

4

P

4

-

-

-

 

Unknown sp.14

 

ZOO

3

S/2∞

-

2

2

2

 

Unknown sp.15

 

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

2

 

Unknown sp.16

 

UNKNOWN

3

2∞

-

-

-

1

 

Unknown sp.17

 

ZOO

4

2∞

-

-

-

3

 

Unknown sp.18

 

ZOO

4

C/P/S/2∞

18

10

23

2

 

Unknown sp.19

 

UNKNOWN

4

P/2∞

-

4

-

3

 

Unknown sp.20

 

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

9

 

Unknown sp.21

 

UNKNOWN

3

2∞

-

-

-

1

 

Unknown sp.22

 

ZOO

3

C/P/2∞

2

-

3

7

 

Unknown sp.23

 

ZOO

2

P/2∞

-

1

-

9

 

Unknown sp.24

 

ZOO

1

2∞

-

-

-

1

 

Unknown sp.25

 

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

1

 

Unknown sp.26

 

UNKNOWN

4

P

1

1

-

-

 

Unknown sp.27

 

ZOO

4

P/2∞

18

-

-

1

 

Unknown sp.28

 

ZOO

3

2∞

-

-

-

2

 

Unknown sp.29

 

ZOO

6

C/P/S/2∞

892

1022

610

100

 

Unknown sp.30

 

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

1

 

Unknown sp.31

 

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

1

 

Unknown sp.32

 

ZOO

4

C/S

11

6

13

-

 

Unknown sp.33

 

UNKNOWN

4

P/2∞

14

34

6

128

 

Unknown sp.34

 

ZOO

4

S

-

9

-

-

 

Unknown sp.35

 

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

7

 

Unknown sp.36

 

ZOO

3

2∞

-

-

-

1

 

Unknown sp.37

T

ZOO

1

2∞

-

-

-

1

 

Unknown sp.38

 

ZOO

3

S/2∞

-

1

-

8

 

Unknown sp.39

 

ZOO

3

P

3

-

-

-

 

Unknown sp.40

 

ZOO

4

C

-

2

-

-

 

Unknown sp.41

 

ZOO

4

C

4

-

-

-

 

Unknown sp.42

 

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

1

 

Unknown sp.43

 

ZOO

4

C

1

-

-

-

 

Unknown sp.44

 

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

2

 

Unknown sp.45

 

ZOO

2

C

1

1

-

-

 

Unknown sp.46

 

ZOO

3

C

4

1

1

-

 

Unknown sp.47

 

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

1

 

Unknown sp.48

 

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

4

 

Unknown sp.49

 

ZOO

5

P

15

-

-

-

 

Unknown sp.50

 

UNKNOWN

4

P

1

-

-

-

 

Unknown sp.51

 

ANEMO

5

P

-

1

-

-

 

Unknown sp.52

 

ANEMO

3

P

1

-

-

-

 

Unknown sp.53

 

ZOO

2

2∞

-

-

-

1

 

Unknown sp.54

 

UNKNOWN

4

C/S

76

30

22

-

 

Unknown sp.55

 

ZOO

4

P/2∞

9

-

-

55

 

Unknown sp.56

 

ANEMO

3

P

-

1

-

-



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